Pot pie

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Pot pie
TypeSavoury pie
Main ingredientsMeat (beef, chicken, lamb or turkey), gravy, mixed vegetables (potatoes, carrots, green beans and peas)

Pot pie is the North American term for a type of meat pie with a top pie crust that is commonly used throughout the continent, and is most often found in the United States and Canada[1] consisting of flaky pastry. [2][3] Pot pies may be made with a variety of fillings including poultry, beef, seafood, or plant-based meat substitute fillings, and may also differ in the types of crust. In both countries, various versions exist and can vary significantly in terms of both preparation and ingredients, with chicken pot pie being the most popular variety of the dish.[citation needed]

Origin and history[edit]

Archaeologists have discovered gallette pies dating back to the Neolithic Age around 9500 B.C.[4] The Greeks cooked meats mixed with other ingredients in open pastry shells, and these were called artocreas and were then spread to the Romans. In the times of the Roman Empire, these pastries were served at banquets and were prepared with various meats, oysters, mussels, lampreys, and fish and included a crust made of a flour and oil mixture. The royalty nicknamed them "coffins". Pies spread across medieval Europe during the Crusades. In the 16th century, the English gentry revived the custom of serving pies and the tradition soon swept the country. A British food commenter once described them as, "which they bake in pasties, and this venison pasty is a dainty rarely found in any other kingdom."[5] The meat pies made by the English of that era (called pot pies in North America) would include various meats such as pork, lamb, birds and game. During the reign of Elizabeth I, English cooks made pies using “chicken peepers,” which consisted of chicks stuffed with gooseberries. The obsession with pies spread to the New World soon after it spread across Europe when the first American settlers took their pie recipes with them when they moved westward.[6]


Homemade chicken and vegetable pot pie, cut open

Pot pie can be prepared in a number of ways including in a skillet over a stovetop,[7] in a baking dish in an oven,[8] or in a pie iron over a campfire.[9] There are numerous other types of pot pies including taco, ham and brie pizza, and steak and mushroom.[10] The pie shell and crust can be made from scratch or can be fashioned from store bought pie crust or biscuit dough and includes ingredients such as butter, lard, olive oil, flour, and shortening.[11] Once prepared and served, the pot pie leftovers can be stored in the freezer for later consumption.[12]

Pennsylvania Dutch pot pie[edit]

In the Pennsylvania Dutch region, some people make a dish called "bot boi" (or "bottboi"[13]) by Pennsylvania German-speaking natives. Pennsylvania Dutch pot pie is a stew without a crust.[14] Most commonly made with chicken, it usually includes homemade dumpling-style dough noodles and potatoes, and sometimes vegetables such as carrots or celery.[15]


  1. ^ "Pot Pie". Retrieved 25 September 2015.
  2. ^ "pot pie - Definition of pot pie in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries - English.
  3. ^ "pot pie - meaning of pot pie in Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English - LDOCE". www.ldoceonline.com.
  4. ^ "Roman Era Chefs Made Pot Pies With A Living Bird Inside That Burst Through The Pie Shell When Cut And Fly Out - South Florida Reporter". southfloridareporter.com. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  5. ^ "Meat Pot Pie Has a Colorful History : Pastry Dish, an Old Standby, Goes Back to Roman Empire". Los Angeles Times. 1985-07-05. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  6. ^ "Meat Pot Pie Has a Colorful History : Pastry Dish, an Old Standby, Goes Back to Roman Empire". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  7. ^ "Easy Skillet Chicken Pot Pie". Perdue.com. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  8. ^ "Creamy Chicken Pot Pie". Perdue.com. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  9. ^ "Campfire Chicken Pot Pie". Perdue.com. Retrieved 1 March 2018.
  10. ^ "Great News: You Can Turn Anything Into A Pot Pie". HuffPost. 2012-10-15. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  11. ^ "Homemade Chicken Pot Pie". BettyCrocker.com. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  12. ^ Selasky, Susan. "Ask the Test Kitchen: Freezing chicken pot pie is a breeze". Detroit Free Press. Retrieved 2020-11-18.
  13. ^ "Pennsylvania Dutch Dictionary: Bottboi". www.padutchdictionary.com. Retrieved 2019-11-11.
  14. ^ Longacre, D. J. (1976). More-with-Less Cookbook. Scottdale, PA: Herald Press
  15. ^ Negley, Erin. "Discuss: Pot pie in Lancaster County is comfort food, minus the crust". LancasterOnline.