Potamoi

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The Potamoi (Greek: Ποταμοί, "Rivers") are the gods of rivers and streams of the earth in Greek mythology.

Mythology[edit]

The river gods were the 3000 sons of the great earth-encircling river Oceanus and his wife Tethys and the brothers of the Oceanids.[1] They were also the fathers of the Naiads.[citation needed] The river gods were depicted in one of three forms: a man-headed bull, a bull-headed man with the body of a serpent-like fish from the waist down, or as an arm resting upon an amphora jug pouring water.[citation needed]

Notable river gods include:

  • Achelous, the god of the Achelous River, the largest river in Greece, who gave his daughter in marriage to Alcmaeon,[2] and was defeated by Heracles in a wrestling contest for the right to marry Deianira.[3]
  • Alpheus, who fell in love with the nymph Arethusa, pursuing her to Syracuse, where she was transformed into a spring by Artemis.[4]
  • Inachus, the first king of Argos and progenitor of Argive line through his son grandson Argus.
  • Nilus, Egyptian river god and the father of numerous daughters that mingled with the descendants of Inachus, forming a dynasty of kings in Egypt, Libya, Arabia and Ethiopia.
  • Peneus, river god of Thessaly flowing from the foot of Pindus. He was the father of Daphne and Stilbe, love interests of the god Apollo.
  • Scamander, who fought on the side of the Trojans during the Trojan War, and, offended when Achilles polluted his waters with the a large number of Trojan corpses, overflowed his banks nearly drowning Achilles.[5]

List of potamoi[edit]

The following are the sons of Oceanus and Tethys:[6][7][8]

LIST OF RIVER GODS ACCORDING TO VARIOUS SOURCES
Name of River River-God Hesiod Ovid Apollodorus Plutarch Hyginus Pausanias Others Location Son of Oceanus and Tethys
Achelous or Akheloios 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Aetolia 🗸
Acheron 🗸 🗸 🗸 Underworld and Thesprotia *presumably
Acis Changed into a river 🗸 Sicily son of Pan and nymph Symaethis
Acragas ?[citation needed] Sicily
Aeas 🗸 🗸 Epirus *
Aegaeus 🗸 Apollonius Scheria (Corcyra) *
Aesar 🗸 Strabo Tyrrhenia or Etruria *
Aesepus 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Almo 🗸 🗸 Latium *
Alpheus 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Arcadia 🗸
Amnisos 🗸 Apollonius,

Callimachus

Crete *
Amphrysos 🗸 🗸 Thessaly *
Anapos 🗸 🗸 Nonnus Sicily *
Anauros ?[citation needed] Thessaly
Anigros 🗸 Strabo Elis *
Apidanus 🗸 🗸 Thessaly *
Arar River named after 🗸 Gallia Celtica (Celtic Gaul)
Araxes River named after 🗸 Armenia son of Pylus
Ardescus 🗸 🗸 Thrace 🗸
Arnos 🗸 Strabo Etruria *
Ascanius 🗸 🗸 Antoninus Mysia *
Asopus 🗸 🗸 🗸 Boeotia and Argos 🗸 ; some accounts, son of Zeus and Eurynome or Poseidon and either Pero or Celusa
Asterion 🗸 🗸 Argos *
Axenus or Axius 🗸 🗸 Paeonia and Macedonia 🗸
Baphyras ?[citation needed] Pieria
Borysthenes 🗸 Antoninus Scythia *
Brychon 🗸 Lycophron Chersonnese *
Caanthus 🗸 🗸 🗸
Caicinus 🗸 🗸 Bruttium *
Caicus 🗸 🗸 🗸 Teuthrania, Mysia 🗸
Cayster 🗸 🗸 Lydia *
Cebren 🗸 🗸 🗸 Parthenius Troad *
Cephissus 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Phocis, Attica, Argos 🗸
Chremetes 🗸 Nonnus Libya *
Cladeus or Kladeos ?[citation needed] 🗸 Elis *
Clitumnus ?[citation needed] Umbria *
Cocytus 🗸 Oppian Underworld and Thesprotia *
Cratais 🗸[citation needed] 🗸 *
Crinisus 🗸 Virgil, Lycophron Sicily *
Cydnos 🗸 Nonnus Cilicia *
Cytheros ?[citation needed] 🗸 Elis *
Elisson ?[citation needed] Statius Achaea *
Enipeus 🗸 🗸 🗸 Thessaly *
Erasinus 🗸 🗸 Argos *
Eridanus 🗸 🗸 Hyperborea, Attica 🗸
Erymanthus 🗸 🗸 Aelian Attica *
Euphrates 🗸 🗸 🗸 Assyria 🗸
Eurotas 🗸 River named after 🗸 🗸 🗸 Laconia son of Lelex and Cleocharia or of Myles
Evenus or Lycormas 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Aetolia 🗸 ; some accounts, a mortal son of Ares and either Demodice or Stratonice who flung himself to the river Lycormas
Ganges 🗸 🗸 🗸 India *
Granicus 🗸 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Haliacmon 🗸 🗸 Macedonia 🗸
Halys 🗸 Apollonius, Valerius Flaccus Paphlygonia and Pontos *
Hebrus 🗸 🗸 Lucian Ciconia, Thrace *
Heptaporus 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Hermus 🗸 🗸 Lydia *
Hydaspes 🗸 🗸 Nonnus India 🗸 ; son of Thaumas and Electra
Ilissos 🗸 Plato Attica *
Imbrasos 🗸 Athenaeus Samos *
Inachus 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Argos 🗸
Indus 🗸 🗸 🗸 India or Caria 🗸
Inopos 🗸 Callimachus Delos *
Ismenus 🗸 🗸 🗸 Boeotia 🗸
Istrus or Ister 🗸 🗸 Scythia 🗸
Ladon 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Arcadia 🗸
Lamos 🗸 Nonnus Cilicia or Boeotia 🗸
Marsyas River named after 🗸 Phrygia a satyr; son of Hyagnis and either Olympus or Oeagrus
Maeander 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Caria 🗸
Meles 🗸 Hellanicus, Eugaeon Lydia *
Mincius 🗸 Virgil Gallia, Italy *
Nestos or Nessus 🗸 🗸 Bistonia, Thrace 🗸
Nilus or Nile 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Egypt 🗸
Numicius 🗸 🗸 Latium, Italy *
Nymphaeus ?[citation needed] Quintus Smyrnaeus Bithynia and Paphlagonia
Orontes 🗸 🗸 Syria 🗸
Pactolus 🗸 🗸 Nonnus Lydia *
Parthenius 🗸 🗸 Paphlagonia 🗸
Phasis 🗸 🗸 🗸 Colchis 🗸
Phlegethon or Pyriphlegethon 🗸 Virgil, Statius Underworld son of Cocytus
Phyllis 🗸 Apollonius Thynia, Anatolia *
Peneus 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Thessaly 🗸
Pleistos 🗸 Apollonius Phocis *
Porpax ?[citation needed] Sicily
Rhesus 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Rhine 🗸 Nonnus Iberia (Spain) *
Rhodius 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Rhyndacus 🗸 Nonnus Phrygia and Bithynia *
Sangarius or Sagaris 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Phrygia 🗸
Satnioeis ?[citation needed] Homer Troad
Scamander 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Selemnus ?[citation needed] 🗸 Achaea
Simoeis 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Troad 🗸
Spercheus 🗸 🗸 Malis
Strymon 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 🗸 Edonia, Thrace 🗸
Symaethus 🗸 🗸 Sicily *
Tanais 🗸 🗸 🗸 Scythia 🗸
Termessus 🗸 🗸 Boeotia *
Thermodon 🗸 🗸 🗸 Pontos and Assyria 🗸
Tiberinus 🗸 Virgil Latium, Italy *
Tigris 🗸 🗸 🗸 Assyria 🗸
Titaressus ?[citation needed] Homer, Strabo, Seneca Thessaly
TOTAL 25 25 17

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]