Potassium hexachloroplatinate

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Potassium hexachloroplatinate
Potassium hexachloroplatinate.png
六氯合铂(IV)酸钾 CP .jpg
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
ECHA InfoCard 100.037.239 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 240-979-3
RTECS number
  • TP1650000
UNII
  • Cl[Pt-2](Cl)(Cl)(Cl)(Cl)Cl.[K+].[K+]
Properties
K2PtCl6
Molar mass 485.99 g/mol
Appearance orange to yellow solid
Density 3.344 g/cm3
Melting point 250 °C (482 °F; 523 K) (decomposes)
0.89 g/100ml H2O (at 25 °C) [1]
7.48×10−6[2]
Hazards
GHS labelling:[3]
GHS05: CorrosiveGHS06: ToxicGHS07: Exclamation markGHS08: Health hazard
Danger
H301, H317, H318, H334
P261, P264, P270, P272, P280, P285, P301+P310, P302+P352, P304+P341, P305+P351+P338, P310, P321, P330, P333+P313, P342+P311, P363, P405, P501
Flash point 250 °C (482 °F; 523 K)
Safety data sheet (SDS) Oxford MSDS
Related compounds
Other anions
Potassium tetrachloroplatinate
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Potassium hexachloroplatinate is the inorganic compound with the formula K2PtCl6. It is a yellow solid that is an example of a comparatively insoluble potassium salt. The salt features the hexachloroplatinate(IV) dianion, which has octahedral coordination geometry.

The precipitation of this compound from solutions of hexachloroplatinic acid was formerly used for the determination of potassium by gravimetric analysis.[4] It is also useful as an intermediate in the recovery of platinum from wastes.[5]

Reactions[edit]

Using salt metathesis reactions, potassium hexachloroplatinate is converted to a variety of quaternary ammonium and related lipophilic salts. These include tetrabutylammonium salt (NBu4)2PtCl6, known as Lukevics catalyst.[6]

Reduction of potassium hexachloroplatinate with hydrazine dihydrochloride gives the corresponding tetrachloroplatinate salt.[7][8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grinberg, A. A.; Sibirskaya, V. V. (1967). "Solubility of hexammine and hexahalo platinum(IV) complexes". Zhurnal Neorganicheskoi Khimii. 12: 2069–2071.
  2. ^ John Rumble (June 18, 2018). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (99 ed.). CRC Press. pp. 5–189. ISBN 978-1138561632.
  3. ^ "Potassium hexachloroplatinate(IV)". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov. Retrieved 27 December 2021.
  4. ^ G. F. Smith; J. L. Gring (1933). "The Separation and Determination of the Alkali Metals Using Perchloric Acid. V. Perchloric Acid and Chloroplatinic Acid in the Determination of Small Amounts of Potassium in the Presence of Large Amounts of Sodium". J. Am. Chem. Soc. 55 (10): 3957–3961. doi:10.1021/ja01337a007.
  5. ^ George B. Kauffman, Larry A. Teter "Recovery of Platinum from Laboratory Residues" Inorganic Syntheses, 1963, volume 7, pp. 232-236. doi:10.1002/9780470132388.ch61
  6. ^ Iovel, I. G.; Goldberg, Y. S.; Shymanska, M. V.; Lukevics, E. (1987). "Quaternary Onium Hexachloroplatinates: Novel Hydrosilylation Catalysts". Organometallics. 6 (7): 1410–1413. doi:10.1021/om00150a007.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  7. ^ George B. Kauffman, Dwaine A. Cowan (1963). "Cis - and trans -Dichlorodiammineplatinum(II)". cis- and trans-Dichlorodiammine Platinum(II). Inorganic Syntheses. Vol. 7. pp. 239–245. doi:10.1002/9780470132388.ch63. ISBN 9780470132388.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  8. ^ Keller, R. N.; Moeller, T. (1963). "Potassium Tetrachloroplatinate(II)". Inorg. Synth. 7: 247–250. doi:10.1002/9780470132333.ch79.