Duchesnea indica (sometimes called Potentilla indica), known commonly by the names mock strawberry, Indian strawberry, or false strawberry, is a strawberry like plant that has foliage and an aggregate accessory fruit similar to that of a true strawberry, though this is apparently an independent evolution of the similar fruit type. It has yellow flowers, unlike the white or slightly pink flowers of true strawberries. It is native to eastern and southern Asia, but has been introduced to many other areas as an ornamental plant. It has been naturalized in many regions, including the southern United States, and is considered an invasive species in some regions. It is considered one of the most invasive plants on the island of Réunion.
The leaves are trifoliate, roughly veined beneath, dark green, and often persisting through the winter, arising from short crowns. The plant spreads along creeping stolons, rooting and producing crowns at each node. The yellow flowers are produced in mid spring, then sporadically throughout the growing season. The aggregate accessory fruits are white or red, and entirely covered with red achenes, simple ovaries, each containing a single seed. They are edible, but they have very little flavor.
A poultice of the crushed leaves is used to treat skin ailments such as eczema.
- O’Brien, Meghan, editor. "Indian Strawberry." Indian Strawberry, Dec. 2006, www.bellarmine.edu/faculty/drobinson/IndianStrawberry.asp. Accessed 14 Apr. 2017.
- "Invasive species in Belgium: Duchesnea indica". Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- Missouri department of Conservation. "Indian Strawberry (Mock Strawberry)". Retrieved 22 November 2013.
This plant is invasive in many locations across America.
- Global invasive species database. "Ecology of Duchesnea indica". Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- FDA Poisonous Plant Database. "Are the mock strawberries toxic?".
- Torsten Eriksson; Malin S. Hibbs; Anne D. Yoder; Charles F. Delwiche & Michael J. Donoghue (2003). "The Phylogeny of Rosoideae (Rosaceae) Based on Sequences of the Internal Transcribed Spacers (ITS) of Nuclear Ribosomal DNA and the trnL/F Region of Chloroplast DNA". Int. J Plant Sci. 164 (2): 197–211. doi:10.1086/346163.
- "The Plant List: Duchesnea". Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew and Missouri Botanic Garden. 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2016.
- O’Brien, Meghan (2006). "Indian Strawberry". Bellarmine University. Retrieved 2013-09-28.
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