Downtown Poth, Texas
Location of Poth, Texas
|• Total||3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)|
|• Land||3.2 sq mi (8.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||404 ft (123 m)|
|• Density||600/sq mi (230/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1365682|
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,850 people, 623 households, and 490 families residing in the town. The population density was 579.7 people per square mile (223.9/km²). There were 663 housing units at an average density of 207.7 per square mile (80.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 66.43% White, 0.43% African American, 0.92% Native American, 0.16% Asian, 29.08% from other races, and 2.97% multiracial. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 56.65% of the population.
There were 623 households, of which 41.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.9% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female head of household with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families. Individuals made up 19.6% of al households, and 10.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.97 and the average family size was 3.41.
The age range of people in the Poth population was spread out with 31.1% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.9% from 25 to 44, 18.8% from 45 to 64, and 12.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $35,492, and the median income for a family was $42,279. Males had a median income of $30,885 versus $21,563 for females. The per capita income for the town was $13,910. About 15.5% of families and 18.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.5% of those under age 18 and 23.3% of those age 65 or over.
The most common occupation for males living in the Poth, TX area is construction, followed by food service, and then occupations in the agricultural industry. The most common occupational industry for females living in Poth, TX is health care, followed by educational services, and then food services.
The Town of Poth is served by the Poth Independent School District, which enrolls students from prekindergarten through twelfth grade. There is one elementary school, one middle school, and one high school (Poth High School) within Poth ISD.
The town was originally named Marcelina when it was established in 1886 for employees of the railway between San Antonio and Aransas Pass, but renamed in 1901 for A. H. Poth, who owned a cotton processing business
In 1970, the town made national news when almost all of its citizens (more than 1,100 out of 1,296) agreed to be inoculated with the oral polio vaccine when one of the town's children contracted polio
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Population and Housing Unit Counts, 2010 Census of Population and Housing" (PDF). Texas: 2010. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "US Gazetteer Files 2016-Places-Texas". US Census. Retrieved 7 January 2017.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Poth, TX", by Claudia Hazlewood, Handbook of Texas, Texas State Historical Association online
- "Entire Town Inoculated", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, July 9, 1970, p1