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|Native to||Pakistan, India|
|Region||Pothohar region, Azad Kashmir and Poonch (Jammu and Kashmir)|
|2.5 million including Dhundi-Kairali, Chibhali, & Punchhi, but perhaps not 1.04 million Mirpuri (2007)|
Punjabi–Lahnda dialects. Pothohari is center-north.
Pothohari (Western Punjabi: پوٹھوہاری), Pahari-Potowari, or Potwari is a dialect of Punjabi spoken by inhabitants of the Pothohar Plateau in northern Punjab and in Azad Kashmir, Pakistan and Poonch of Jammu and Kashmir, India.
Since Punjabi, Urdu/Hindi are spoken in a region that has witnessed significant ethnic and identity conflict, all have been exposed to the dialect versus language question. Each of these languages possesses a central standard on which its literature is based, and from which there are multiple dialectal variations.
It had been historically classified as dialect of Punjabi. In the 1920s, George A. Grierson, in his Linguist Survey of India classified into Northern cluster of Western Punjabi . Recently Potowari is claimed as language contrasting the view of being a dialect of Punjabi, However these claims are controversial to date. :838 :46
- Pothohari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- "Western Panjabi". Ethnologue. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Pahari Potwari". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Mirpur Panjabi". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Colin P. Masica, 1991, The Indo-Aryan Languages
- Bailey, Rev. T. Grahame. 1904. Panjabi Grammar. Lahore: Punjab Government Press.
- Rahman, Tariq. 1997. Language and Ethnicity in Pakistan. Asian Survey, 1997 Sep., 37(9):833-839.
- Javaid, Umbreen. 2004. Saraiki political movement: its impact in south Punjab. Journal of Research (Humanities), 40(2): 55–65. Lahore: Faculty of Arts and Humanities, University of the Punjab. (This PDF contains multiple articles from the same issue.)
|Pothohari dialect test of Wikipedia at Wikimedia Incubator|