Potsdam Griebnitzsee station
Station building, 2005
|Location||Babelsberg, Potsdam, Brandenburg
|Opened||1 June 1874|
Potsdam-Griebnitzsee station is an S-Bahn station in Potsdam on the outskirts of Berlin in the German state of Brandenburg. The station is located in the east of the Babelsberg suburb of the city of Potsdam in the state of Brandenburg, and about 600 metres (2,000 ft) outside the Berlin city boundary. It takes its name from the adjacent Griebnitzsee lake. It is on the Wannsee Railway. During the division of Germany, it served as a border station for traffic to West Berlin. The station is now served by trains on line S7 of the Berlin S-Bahn and Regionalbahn services RB 21 and RB 22. It is classified by Deutsche Bahn as a category 4 station.
The station was built in 1874 on the Berlin–Potsdam railway to promote the development of the residential area of Neubabelsberg; it was therefore originally called Neubabelsberg. It went into operation on 1 June of the same year.
The first station building was a wooden pavilion that had been rebuilt from the German House designed by Walter Kyllmann and Adolf Heyden for the Weltausstellung 1873 Wien (Vienna World Exhibition). The current station building was designed by Günter Lüttich in 1931. The station was renamed Babelsberg Ufastadt on 1 April 1938.
At the end of the Second World War, the Teltow Canal bridge at Kohlhasenbrück was blown up so that there were no rail operations between Zehlendorf and Babelsberg Ufastadt from April 1945 to 15 June 1948.
The station’s name was changed again to Griebnitzsee in 1949. Griebnitzsee station functioned as a border control point from 1952. From 1961 to 1989, the station was closed for regional passenger traffic and was a border station and a border checkpoint from East Germany (GDR) until 1990. Access at Griebnitzsee station to transit traffic through the GDR to and from West Berlin was not allowed.
The station handled interzonal traffic between West and East Germany via the Berlin Stadtbahn. Later, interzonal trains ran on the Berlin outer ring (including train pairs on the Aachen–Potsdam–Görlitz and Munich–Leipzig–Potsdam–Rostock routes), so it became a crossing exclusively for transit traffic between West Berlin (Berlin-Wannsee, Zoologischer Garten and Friedrichstrasse) and West Germany, to/from:
- Schwanheide/Büchen (to/from Hamburg and northern Germany) until 1976
- Marienborn/Helmstedt (Hannover and West Germany)
- Gerstungen/Bebra (Hesse, Frankfurt, Saarbrücken)
- Probstzella/Ludwigsstadt (southern Germany, Nuremberg, Munich, Stuttgart )
- Gutenfürst/Hof (Regensburg, Munich) from October 1972.
Until the construction of the Berlin Wall on 13 August 1961 and from 1990, travel was permitted between West Berlin and East Germany. As of 1952, travel across the border was allowed only with permission and banned for residents of West Berlin. From 1953 to 1958 (when the Berlin outer ring was completed), there were through trains (Durchläuferzüge) between Potsdam and East Berlin that ran through West Berlin without stopping.
Since the station was near the border with West Berlin, it was heavily secured and guarded. This included the monitoring of the access routes to prevent unauthorised embarkation of passengers (Republikflucht). At the station there was also a post with guard dogs so that the under parts of the trains could be searched for hidden people. Initially, border controls were carried out on stationary trains. Later, the border policemen boarded (trains towards West Germany) or disembarked here (from trains towards Berlin) and carried our border controls on moving trains (Transitzüge—transit trains—from 1972).
On 18 April 1962, two graduates of the NPA officer school attempting to leave East Germany were involved in a shootout on the station premises, resulting in refugee Peter Boehme and border policeman Jörgen Schmidtchen being shot.
Since 1990, the station has been open to the public again. With the resumption of traffic between Wannsee and Potsdam on 1 April 1992, the rail platform was restored to service. A new platform canopy and a second entrance were built. In 2000, the station hall was renovated for about 4.5 million Deutsche Marks.
Today the station is particularly frequented by students. The Babelsberg campus of the University of Potsdam is very close to the station. It includes the Institute of Computer Science, the Hasso Plattner Institute, the Economics and Social Sciences Faculty and the Babelsberg film school.
Operations at the station (apart from the S-Bahn) are very restricted because regional traffic can only utilize a single side platform next to the double-track main line. This means that trains from Berlin to Potsdam cannot currently stop at Griebnitzsee station. Construction of a second regional platform is planned for 2014/15.
The station is now a heritage-listed building.
Potsdam Griebnitzsee is served by the Berlin S-Bahn line S7. It also serves as the terminus for hourly regional trains of Deutsche Bahn on service RB21 from Berlin Friedrichstraße via the Stadtbahn to Wustermark via Potsdam Hauptbahnhof and RB22 from Friedrichstraße via the Stadtbahn, Griebnitzsee, Potsdam and Golm to Berlin Schönefeld Flughafen.
The S-Bahn services utilise an island platform on the north side of the station, whilst RB21 terminates in a single platform on the south side of the station. All other trains pass through the station on a pair of centre tracks without platforms. The station building lies to the north of the station, and is connected to both platforms by a subway.
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- "Stationspreisliste 2015" [Station price list 2015] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 1 January 2015.
- "Tausende Pendler steigen auf die S-Bahn um". Der Tagesspiegel (in German). 6 April 2014. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Endlich wieder ein würdiges Entrée". Berliner Zeitung (in German). 4 May 2000. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Bahn Berlin-Potsdam fährt ab Dezember wieder direkt". Berliner Morgenpost (in German). 27 November 2012. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- Deutscher Bahnkundenverband (1999). 125 Jahre Bahnhof am Griebnitzsee (in German). Berlin: Verlag GVE. ISBN 3-89218-062-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Potsdam Griebnitzsee station.|
- "Griebnitzsee" (in German). stadtschnellbahn-berlin.de. 26 November 2007. Retrieved 21 February 2015.
- "Photos and memories of a GDR border guard" (in German). Retrieved 21 February 2015.
|Preceding station||Berlin S-Bahn||Following station|
toward Potsdam Hbf