Potter County, South Dakota

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Potter County, South Dakota
POTTER COUNTY COURTHOUSE, GETTYSBURG, SD.jpg
Potter County Courthouse (July 2013)
Map of South Dakota highlighting Potter County
Location within the U.S. state of South Dakota
Map of the United States highlighting South Dakota
South Dakota's location within the U.S.
Founded1873 (created)
1883 (organized)
Named forJoel A. Potter
SeatGettysburg
Largest cityGettysburg
Area
 • Total899 sq mi (2,328 km2)
 • Land861 sq mi (2,230 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (98 km2), 4.2%
Population (est.)
 • (2017)2,231
 • Density2.59/sq mi (1.00/km2)
Congressional districtAt-large
Time zoneCentral: UTC−6/−5

Potter County is a county in the U.S. state of South Dakota. As of the 2010 United States Census, the population was 2,329.[1] Its county seat is Gettysburg.[2] The county was created in 1873 and organized in 1883.[3]

Geography[edit]

The Missouri River flows southward along the west boundary line of Potter County. The county terrain consists of rolling hills, mostly devoted to agriculture.[4] The county generally slopes to the south, although the western portion slopes into the river valley.[5] The county has a total area of 899 square miles (2,330 km2), of which 861 square miles (2,230 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (4.2%) is water.[6]

The eastern portion of South Dakota's counties (48 of 66) observe Central Time; the western counties (18 of 66) observe Mountain Time. Potter County is the westernmost of the SD counties to observe Central Time.[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Protected areas[4][edit]

  • Dodge Draw State Game Production Area
  • Dodge Draw State Lakeside Use Area
  • East Whitlock State Lakeside Use Area
  • Forest City State Game Production Area
  • Green Lake State Game Production Area
  • Potts Dam State Game Production Area
  • Siebrasse State Game Production Area
  • West Whitlock State Recreation Area
  • Whitlocks Bay State Game Production Area

Lakes[4][edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18902,910
19002,9882.7%
19104,46649.5%
19204,382−1.9%
19305,76231.5%
19404,614−19.9%
19504,6881.6%
19604,9265.1%
19704,449−9.7%
19803,674−17.4%
19903,190−13.2%
20002,693−15.6%
20102,329−13.5%
Est. 20182,207[8]−5.2%
US Decennial Census[9]
1790-1960[10] 1900-1990[11]
1990-2000[12] 2010-2016[1]

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census,[13] there were 2,693 people, 1,145 households, and 767 families in the county. The population density was 3 people per square mile (1/km²). There were 1,760 housing units at an average density of 2 per square mile (1/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.14% White, 0.82% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.07% from other races, and 0.78% from two or more races. 0.19% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 1,145 households out of which 26.60% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.20% were married couples living together, 4.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 31.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.88.

The county population contained 23.00% under the age of 18, 3.90% from 18 to 24, 22.30% from 25 to 44, 25.70% from 45 to 64, and 25.00% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46 years. For every 100 females there were 96.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,086, and the median income for a family was $37,827. Males had a median income of $25,320 versus $16,563 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,417. About 8.90% of families and 12.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.00% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,329 people, 1,062 households, and 648 families in the county.[14] The population density was 2.7 inhabitants per square mile (1.0/km2). There were 1,500 housing units at an average density of 1.7 per square mile (0.66/km2).[15] The racial makeup of the county was 97.6% white, 0.9% American Indian, 0.3% Asian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.7% of the population.[14] In terms of ancestry, 65.3% were German, 11.1% were Irish, 8.2% were Norwegian, 8.0% were English, and 3.9% were American.[16]

Of the 1,062 households, 21.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.0% were married couples living together, 4.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 39.0% were non-families, and 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.13 and the average family size was 2.76. The median age was 50.6 years.[14]

The median income for a household in the county was $42,422 and the median income for a family was $53,214. Males had a median income of $33,750 versus $29,792 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,986. About 5.4% of families and 10.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.7% of those under age 18 and 10.8% of those age 65 or over.[17]

Communities[edit]

City[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated area[4][edit]

  • Forest City

Townships[edit]

The county has no organized townships. It is divided into three areas of unorganized territory: West Potter, Central Potter, and East Potter.

Politics[edit]

Like most of South Dakota outside of Native American counties, Potter County has been powerfully Republican throughout most of the state’s history. Only three Democrats – William Jennings Bryan, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Lyndon Johnson – have carried the county as of 2016, and since Jimmy Carter in 1976 no Democrat has passed forty percent of the county’s vote.

Presidential election results
Presidential elections results[18]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 80.1% 1,071 16.1% 215 3.8% 51
2012 74.5% 1,029 24.6% 339 0.9% 13
2008 65.1% 937 33.5% 482 1.5% 21
2004 70.6% 1,143 28.6% 463 0.7% 12
2000 74.4% 1,112 23.8% 356 1.7% 26
1996 57.5% 979 31.4% 534 11.1% 189
1992 50.7% 901 27.7% 493 21.6% 384
1988 62.1% 1,175 37.0% 701 0.9% 17
1984 76.2% 1,551 23.7% 482 0.1% 2
1980 75.3% 1,633 20.1% 436 4.6% 100
1976 55.4% 1,136 44.3% 908 0.4% 8
1972 61.7% 1,389 38.1% 858 0.3% 6
1968 57.8% 1,273 35.4% 780 6.8% 149
1964 43.1% 954 56.9% 1,260
1960 56.9% 1,326 43.1% 1,004
1956 63.2% 1,445 36.8% 843
1952 73.7% 1,625 26.3% 579
1948 49.7% 1,044 49.5% 1,039 0.9% 18
1944 58.3% 1,001 41.7% 717
1940 54.8% 1,278 45.2% 1,054
1936 39.6% 914 58.0% 1,338 2.3% 54
1932 28.1% 660 71.0% 1,668 0.9% 22
1928 52.8% 1,240 46.8% 1,100 0.4% 10
1924 59.8% 1,075 15.8% 283 24.4% 439
1920 72.3% 1,073 17.2% 255 10.5% 156
1916 54.6% 512 43.5% 408 1.9% 18
1912 47.0% 423 53.1% 478
1908 58.1% 614 37.8% 400 4.1% 43
1904 62.8% 525 32.9% 275 4.3% 36
1900 48.0% 375 48.7% 381 3.3% 26
1896 45.7% 333 53.6% 390 0.7% 5
1892 51.1% 320 9.1% 57 39.8% 249

See also[edit]

Coordinates: 45°04′N 99°57′W / 45.06°N 99.95°W / 45.06; -99.95

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 28, 2013.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies". Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2006. Retrieved March 31, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Potter County SD Google Maps (accessed 8 February 2019)
  5. ^ "Find an Altitude" Google Maps (accessed 8 February 2019)
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". US Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  7. ^ Map of Time Zone Line through South Dakota (accessed 30 January 2019)
  8. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  9. ^ "US Decennial Census". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  10. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  11. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  12. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). US Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved March 28, 2015.
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". US Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  14. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  15. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  16. ^ "Selected Social Characteristics in the US – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  17. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". US Census Bureau. Retrieved March 12, 2016.
  18. ^ Leip, David. "Atlas of US Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved April 15, 2018.