Potter County, Texas
Potter County District Courts Building in downtown Amarillo
Location within the U.S. state of Texas
Texas's location within the U.S.
|Named for||Robert Potter|
|• Total||922 sq mi (2,390 km2)|
|• Land||908 sq mi (2,350 km2)|
|• Water||14 sq mi (40 km2) 1.5%%|
|• Density||133/sq mi (51/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC−6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC−5 (CDT)|
Potter County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, the population was 121,073. Its county seat is Amarillo. The county was created in 1876 and organized in 1887. It is named for Robert Potter, a politician, signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and the Texas Secretary of the Navy.
Potter County is included in the Amarillo metropolitan area.
The LX Ranch was established in the county by W.H. "Deacon" Bates and David T. Beals by 1877. In July 1876, Bates, along with some cowboys that included Charlie Siringo, established a herd of steers and ranch headquarters along Ranch Creek on the north bank of the Canadian River. The headquarters eventually included a bunkhouse, kitchen, storeroom, stables, corrals, blacksmith shop, wagon sheds, and a post office named Wheeler. The LX also established the county's first cemetery. The ranch eventually extended from Dumas to the Palo Duro Canyon and 35 miles east to west. By 1884, the ranch encompassed 187,000 acres, 45,000 cattle and 1000 horses, when the operation was sold to the American Pastoral Company. In 1902, the ranch headquarters was moved to Bonita Creek, on the south bank of the Canadian River. On 6 Oct. 1910, that company sold 30,354 acres south of the river to Lee Bivins, and on 1 June 1911, R.B. "Ben" Masterson acquired 89,139 acres on the north side. On 19 May 1915, Bivins bought an additional 53,329 LX acres, which included the LX brand.
- Moore County (north)
- Hutchinson County (northeast)
- Carson County (east)
- Armstrong County (southeast)
- Randall County (south)
- Deaf Smith County (southwest)
- Oldham County (west)
- Hartley County (northwest)
National protected areas
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2000, there were 113,546 people, 40,760 households, and 27,472 families residing in the county. The population density was 125 people per square mile (48/km2). There were 44,598 housing units at an average density of 49 per square mile (19/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 68.60% White, 9.96% Black or African American, 0.87% Native American, 2.49% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 15.44% from other races, and 2.60% from two or more races. 28.11% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 40,760 households, out of which 34.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.40% were married couples living together, 15.00% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.60% were non-families. 27.60% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.10% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.61 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the county, the population was spread out, with 28.00% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 30.10% from 25 to 44, 19.10% from 45 to 64, and 11.70% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 100.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.20 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $29,492, and the median income for a family was $35,321. Males had a median income of $26,123 versus $20,275 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,947. About 15.20% of families and 19.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.30% of those under age 18 and 12.30% of those age 65 or over.
Government and infrastructure
Potter County has supported Republican presidential candidates in every election since 1968, usually by lopsided margins. However, as the county's population has increased, the percentage of Democratic voters has also. According to the 2020 Election, it is the most liberal county in the Texas Panhandle. In 2004, George W. Bush received 21,401 votes (74% of the total) in the county to just 7,489 votes (25%) for his opponent, John Kerry. In 2020, Donald J. Trump received 22,820 votes (69%) in the county as opposed to Joseph R. Biden, who received 9,921 votes (30% of the total).
- School districts include
- Amarillo Independent School District
- Bushland Independent School District
- Highland Park Independent School District
- River Road Independent School District
- List of museums in the Texas Panhandle
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Potter County, Texas
- Recorded Texas Historic Landmarks in Potter County
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 17, 2011. Retrieved December 22, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 26, 2015.
- Archer, Jeanne; Taras, Stephanie (2009). Touching Lives: The Lasting Legacy of the Bivins Family. Tell Studios Inc. pp. 45–57. ISBN 9780974914862.
- Pingenot, Ben (1989). Siringo. College Station: Texas A&M University Press. pp. 3–13, 56–58, 121. ISBN 0890963819.
- Siringo, Charles (1885). A Texas Cowboy, Or, Fifteen Years on the Hurricane Deck of a Spanish Pony. Pantianos Classics. pp. 75, 84–86, 96, 101–103, 107, 120, 128. ISBN 9781540575937.
- Siringo, Charles (1912). A Cowboy Detective. Arcadia Press. pp. 98–00. ISBN 9781545001882.
- "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved May 6, 2015.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "Clements (BC)." Texas Department of Criminal Justice. Retrieved on June 23, 2013. "Unit Address and Phone Number: 9601 Spur 591, Amarillo, TX 79107-9606"
- ""Official Canvass Report - 2020 November 3rd General Election"" (PDF). November 3, 2020.
- Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-07-29.
- Texas Education Code, Sec. 130.164. AMARILLO COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA..
- Potter County government’s website
- Potter County from the Handbook of Texas Online
- Historic Potter County materials, hosted by the Portal to Texas History.
- Potter County, TX Genealogy
- Potter County Profile from the Texas Association of Counties