Potter Park Zoo
Zoo entrance sign along Pennsylvania Avenue
|Location||Lansing, Michigan, USA|
|Land area||102 acres (41.3 ha)|
|No. of animals||500+|
|No. of species||160+|
|Annual visitors||167,000 18%|
The Potter Park Zoo is a 102-acre (41.3 ha) zoo located in Lansing, Michigan, within Lansing's Potter Park. Potter Park Zoo is the oldest public zoo in Michigan and is currently home to over 160 species of animals. The zoo is owned by the City of Lansing, and operated by Ingham County. The zoo participates in the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) Species Survival Plan (SSP) designed to manage and conserve threatened or endangered animals. The Michigan State University College of Veterinary Medicine partners with the zoo to provide medical care for its animals. Zoo membership in 2008 was about 2,800 families, or a total of 10,000 people. Peak single day attendance in July is approximately 13,000 visitors.
Early 20th century
Lansing's zoo originated in 1912 with the donation of 58 acres (23.5 ha) of land to the city by J. W. and Sarah Potter, a prominent Lansing couple, for Potter Park. The James M. Turner estate donated a herd of elk to Lansing in 1915. The city's supervisor of parks, H. Lee Bancroft, initially moved the elk to nearby Moores Park. The same year Charles J. Davis transferred deer to the park, creating the city's first zoo. Moores Park continued to grow, and eventually the elk and deer, along with a bear, two raccoons, and other native animals, were moved to the more spacious Potter Park in 1920. Potter Park was dedicated on July 5, 1915, and added 27 acres (11 ha) more land in 1917. With Potter Park Zoo's official opening in 1920, it became Michigan's first public zoo. The next year a pavilion was completed, one of the zoo's first buildings. Lansing resident Sophie Turner donated 17 acres (6.9 ha) to Potter Park Zoo, increasing the park's size to 102 acres (41 ha).
The Bird and Reptile House was completed in 1929; the following year the Lion House opened. Monkey Island, (converted to a bighorn sheep exhibit in the 1990s, and now removed as of 2010), was constructed by the Works Progress Administration in 1936. The aviary was constructed in 1941, with renovations completed in 1982. The barnyard and petting zoo were added in 1949. The zoo's first African lion, Pete, who lived there for twenty years, died in 1947. The zoo's Bengal tiger, Bobo, died in 1949. By the 1950s, Potter Park Zoo had 138 mammals and 267 birds. Among these were several monkey species, including rhesus, ringtail, spider, and African green monkeys. One of the most popular animals at the zoo during this time was Herman, a Mexican burro, whom the zoo acquired from the Shrine Circus in 1951.
The zoo grew for the decades afterward until the late 1960s when the zoo began a decline from municipal neglect. However, in 1969, Jim Hough, a then-columnist of the Lansing State Journal, used his column to bring together concerned citizens and local-area residents to raise money to help revitalize the zoo. The same year, the Friends of the Zoo Society was formed. Their fundraising paid off when they earned enough money to purchase the zoo's first elephant, Bingo, in 1972 for $4,453. In 1974, a railroad was constructed, offering rides for 25¢.
An outdoor Magellanic penguin exhibit, with a canopy, was added to Potter Park Zoo in 1985. In 1986, Potter Park Zoo received American Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) accreditation, at the time one of the smallest zoos in the country to achieve that status. AZA accreditation allows the zoo to house and care for endangered species. Also that year, the Friends of the Zoo Society became the Potter Park Zoological Society, and incorporated as an organization. The zoo's Lion House was extensively renovated in 1989 and became known as the Feline and Primate Building. In 1992, rare triplet Amur (Siberian) tiger cubs were born at the zoo.
The zoo's Exploration and Discovery Center for Education opened in 2000. The facility includes classrooms, an educational exhibit room for wildlife presentations, the Safari Room for meetings, and offices for the Potter Park Zoo Society and its volunteers. In 2003, Ivan, the zoo's 20-year-old Amur tiger, died. He was the oldest living Amur tiger in North America. In 2005, endangered tiger cubs were born at Potter Park Zoo; later, they were featured on NBC's Today Show. Also that year, the River Otter and Arctic Fox exhibits opened.
In April 2006, Lansing Mayor, Virg Bernero, submitted a request to the Ingham County Board of Commissioners to put on the ballot in November of that year a proposal to hand over operation and maintenance of Potter Park and Potter Park Zoo to Ingham County. The county board formed a city/council zoo task force, and the result of that was an agreement between the two entities that the City of Lansing would lease the zoo and park to Ingham County under the condition that an attached millage of $3.2 million was passed by county residents. The millage passed on November 2, 2006.
Potter Park Zoo's two black rhinos, Spike and Ebony, died in February and April 2008, respectively. The zoo announced preliminary plans for a new, expanded eastern black rhinoceros exhibit on January 7, 2009. The $1.5 million renovation includes an expanded rhino building, doubling the size of the rhino yard with shade, mud, and water hole areas, and a canopied viewing area for visitors, designed to provide a more natural habitat for the animals. Zookeeper, Jack Hanna, appeared at Potter Park Zoo in April 2009 to support the expansion project. In 2009, the Wings from Down Under aviary opened, allowing guests to interact with more than 600 Australian birds.
In March 2010, Potter Park Zoo artificially inseminated a female snow leopard, believed to be the world first successful procedure without surgery or anesthesia. The zoo's 11-year-old female, Serena, was matched with Kaz, a male from the Grand Rapids John Ball Zoo. Potter Park's 28-year-old mandrill, Gladys, died in April 2010. The primate first arrived at the zoo in 1989. In July 2010, the zoo's 21-year-old river otter, Shaq, one of the oldest in the United States, was euthanized due to a decline in health. In August 2010, Potter Park Zoo became one of 19 international locations to be accredited with a postdoctoral veterinary residency program by the American College of Zoological Medicine. A 1,060 square feet (98 m2) expanded Eurasian eagle-owl exhibit reopened in September. A mandrill was born at the zoo in November 2010, bringing the zoo's total to four. In December 2010, the zoo acquired a second snow leopard, Ramir, a 13-year-old from the Sacramento Zoo, as part of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums Species Survival Plan (But Ramir died at least a year later). The same month, a 15-year-old Bactrian camel, Newton, had to be euthanized due to arthritis.
In June 2011, two eastern black rhinoceros, Jello and Dopsee, arrived at the zoo in preparation for the new 8,000 square feet (743 m2) exhibit's opening in October. Three female Amur tiger cubs were born in September, increasing the zoo's tiger population to five. The zoo's 22-year-old African lion, Amboseli – one of the oldest lions in captivity worldwide – died in December. Two new female lions arrived at the zoo to join the zoo's existing male lion, Dakota. In April 2012, a critically endangered eastern bongo was born at Potter Park, increasing the number at the zoo to four. In the spring of 2013, the zoo's aging coral reef exhibit was removed to be replaced with an additional classroom, and three river otter pups were added to the zoo, bringing the population to five. Two of the pups were orphans moved from the Alexandria Zoo in Louisiana.
Current and future development
Potter Park Zoo's most recent master plan was released in January 2010. In the master plan, goals for the zoo include:
- an emphasis on the natural habit of the nearby Red Cedar River
- a focus on ecology and wildlife of Michigan and other areas of the world with similar ecosystems, with a recurring theme about Lakes.
- an improved visitor experience through better signage and a sense of immersion in the animals' natural habitats
- Trees are planted at Potter Park Zoo during its annual Arbor Day celebration. Elementary students from across mid-Michigan attend the event.
- On Mother's Day, the zoo offers children's projects, animal enrichment programs, live animal presentations, and free carnations for mothers. Mothers, fathers, and grandparents receive free admission to the zoo on their respective holidays as well.
- In mid-July, L&L Zoo Days offers reduced admission and shuttle service to the zoo, food sampling, and face painting.
- Boo at the Zoo is an annual Halloween celebration at the zoo. The weekend-long event is geared for children.
- The Wonderland of Lights at Potter Park Zoo runs from late November to late December. The event features Holiday carolers, musical performances, and Christmas light displays. In early December, children can have Breakfast with Santa and Mrs. Claus at the zoo.
Animals and exhibits
The Potter Park Zoo's Feline and Primate Building houses three Amur (Siberian) tigers, three African lions, a snow leopard, lemurs, mandrills, and endangered tamarin monkeys. The Bird and Reptile House features a wide variety of reptiles such as boas, gila monsters, and emerald tree snakes, and birds such as macaws, eastern screech owls, kookaburras, and endangered Bali mynas.
Near the entrance to the zoo is the Exploration and Discovery Center for Education. Children can pet and, in some cases, feed the animals at the barnyard and petting zoo. Located there are goats, burros, llamas, yaks, toy pigs, tortoises, and rabbits.
Wings from Down Under opened in the spring of 2009. Visitors can feed and interact with over 600 grass parakeets, cockatiels, and eastern rosellas. The exhibit is open seasonally. Camel rides and pony rides are available during warmer months.
There are gardens and a pond with ducks, geese, and swans. Other animals at the zoo include kangaroos, penguins, river otters, eastern bongos, bald eagles, gray wolves, red pandas, Arctic foxes, bat-eared foxes, meerkats, porcupines, banded mongooses, and southern ground hornbills. In early 2014, a young orphan moose named Willow arrived.
A gift shop is located near the front of the zoo. An outdoor restaurant is located at the back end of the zoo.
Potter Park Zoo entrance sign from Lansing River Trail
- "List of Accredited Zoos and Aquariums". aza.org. AZA. Retrieved 19 August 2010.
- Hile, p. 6
- Potter Park Zoo Master Plan January 2010, pp. 9-18, potterparkzoo.org, January 2010, retrieved 2011-Jan-25
- Manassah, pp. 99-100
- History of Potter Park Zoo, PotterParkZoo.org, retrieved 2010-Jun-07
- History of the Potter Park Zoo and Zoo Society, ingham.org/ppz, retrieved 2009-Sep-15
- Hile, p. 11
- Hile, pp. 21-23
- Hile, p. 101
- Exhibits, ingham.org/ppz, retrieved 2009-Sep-15
- "Potter Park Zoo Summary" (PDF). Retrieved 2007-06-01.
- International Rhino Foundation. The Rhinos At Potter Park Zoo Are Redoing Their Home, rhinos-irf.org, January 13, 2009, retrieved 2009-Sep-16
- Zerilli, Ursula. Famed zookeeper draws attention to local project, The State News, statenews.com, April 21, 2009, retrieved 2010-June-23
- Rook, Christine. Potter Park scene bursts with birds, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, June 15, 2010, retrieved 2010-June-23
- Prater, Kathryn. Potter Park inseminates snow leopard, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, March 6, 2010, retrieved 2010-Mar-13
- Krietz, Andrew. Beloved primate dies at local zoo, The State News, statenews.com, April 25, 2010, retrieved 2010-Apr-29
- Potter Park Zoo's 21-year-old river otter - Shaq - euthanized, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, July 29, 2010, retrieved 2010-Aug-02
- "Potter Park Zoo Receives Important Accreditation for Veterinary Residency Program". aza.org. Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Retrieved 25 August 2010.
- Domsic, Melissa. Eurasian eagle owls join Potter Park family, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, September 13, 2010, retrieved 2010-Sep-13
- Misjak, Laura. Baby mandrill born at Lansing's Potter Park Zoo, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, January 5, 2011, retrieved 2011-Jan-05
- Davis, Scott. Lansing's Potter Park Zoo gets new snow leopard, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, December 24, 2010, retrieved 2011-Jan-01
- Potter Park Zoo welcomes two rhinos, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, June 10, 2011, retrieved 2011-Jun-10
- Misjak, Laura. Potter Park welcomes two new black rhinos, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, October 12, 2011, retrieved 2011-Oct-20
- New tiger cubs born at Potter Park Zoo, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, October 19, 2011, retrieved 2011-Oct-20
- VanHulle, Lindsay. Potter Park Zoo lion dies at age 22, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, December 29, 2011, retrieved 2012-Jan-24
- Potter Park Zoo Welcomes Rare Bongo Birth, WILX-TV, WILX.com, May 22, 2012, retrieved 2012-Jun-14
- Prater, Kathryn. Arbor Day event in Lansing draws more than 1,100 students, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, May 1, 2010, retrieved 2010-May-23
- Prater, Kathryn. Zoo day highlights time for appreciation, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, May 10, 2010, retrieved 2010-May-23
- What's Happening, Potter Park Zoo, potterparkzoo.org, retrieved 2010-May-23
- Turner, Kris. Zoo Days kick off at Potter Park, Lansing State Journal, lsj.com, July 14, 2010, retrieved 2010-July-20
- USGS TNM 2.0 Viewer from USGS The National Map, viewer.nationalmap.gov, retrieved 2010-Jul-22
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