Potternewton

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Potternewton (until recently also Potter Newton) is a suburb and parish between Chapeltown and Chapel Allerton in north-east Leeds, West Yorkshire, England. It is in the Chapel Allerton ward of Leeds City Council.

Potternewton Park
Skate park in Potternewton Park

Potternewton is bounded by Scott Hall Road to the west, Roundhay Road to the east and Harehills Lane to the north. The main thoroughfare is Chapeltown Road. The suburb is often considered to be part of Chapeltown. On older maps, Potternewton included the Chapeltown and Scott Hall areas and parts of Harehills. Potternewton is an historic village and many older maps prioritise its name over Chapeltown.[1]

Etymology[edit]

The name is attested in the twelfth century as Neuton and Neuthon. The name is from the Old English nīwe meaning new and tūn a farmstead or estate. The name appears with the addition of 'potter' in the thirteenth century, as Pottersneuton, Neuton Potter, Potterneuton and Potter Newton because a pottery industry had developed to distinguish it from many other villages called Newton in the country.[2]

Potternewton once included Allerton Gledhow. The name Allerton comes from the Old English alor, an alder tree, in its genitive plural form alra, and the word tūn meaning 'farmstead of the alder trees'. The element Gledhow refers to the nearby settlement of the same name, distinguishing it from nearby places such as Chapel Allerton, Moor Allerton, and Allerton Bywater.[3]

History[edit]

1842 map of Potternewton; Potternewton Hall, Newton Hall, Newton Green Hall, lodges, farms and out-buildings

Potternewton was the site of pottery manufacture in the Roman period.[2] Over time the manor belonged to the Mauleverers, the Scotts of Scott Hall, the Hardwicks and in 1870 belonged to the Earl of Mexborough.[4]

The Earl of Mexborough and Earl Cowper sold parts of their estates in the 1700s and litigated until the early 1800s as to who legally owned the land. Around this time James Brown owned much of the area that became known as Chapeltown.[5][6][7]

In 1600, the Low Hall estate was worth 300 pounds a year. In the 18th century, the Barker/Ray family owned Newton Hall (Low Hall) which Ralph Thoresby described as a "venerable old fabric" and built Potternewton Hall, the "upper house", for the widow, Mrs Barker, to retire to in the 1730s.[8]

Potternewton Hall, built c. 1730
Built c. 1817. The mansion at Potternewton Park from a postcard postmarked October 1909.

By the early 19th century a number of mansions, some with extensive grounds, had been built around the Potternewton and Chapeltown roads: The Scott family owned the mid-18th century Scott Hall.[9] Woolllen merchant, James Brown owned Harehills Grove, which was built around 1817.[10] The Jowitt family who owned the 750-acre estate in 1861, sold it and back-to-back terraced houses were built on it. The house and its 30-acre park were bought by Leeds Corporation to create Potternewton Park in 1900. The house had been renamed Potternewton Mansion by the time it was opened to the public in 1906. After 1929 the house was used for educational purposes.[10] The Leeds Carnival procession starts and finishes in Potternewton Park.

Potternewton Lodge, Newton Green Hall, Potternewton Hall and Newton Hall were owned by the Lupton family. Arthur Lupton bought Newton Hall (Low Hall) and 50 acres of land from the Earl of Mexborough in 1845. The surveyor Henry Teal divided the rest of the earl's land into lots for sale.[11][12][13]

The foundation stone of Newton Park Union Church was laid by Sir John Barran in 1887.[14]

Potternewton Hall was the residence of Darnton Lupton.[15] Another Lupton brother, Francis, lived at Potternewton Hall from 1847 and had purchased the freehold of the estate by 1860. In 1870, Francis and Darnton Lupton purchased the Newton Hall estate from their brother.[16][17]

In the 1870s, the Potternewton township, covering 1,667 acres about two miles north of Leeds, comprised the villages of New Leeds, part of Buslingthorpe and the hamlets of Gipton, Harehills, and Squire-Pastures.

By the outbreak of the Second World War, Newton Hall and Potternewton Hall had been demolished and the city's largest private housing estate was built on their surrounding land.[18][19]

Francis Lupton's son, Francis Martineau Lupton inherited the estate where his daughter, Olive, grew up at Rockland, an Arts and Crafts stone built house.[20]

Churches and chapels[edit]

Arthur Lupton supported building the old Potternewton Congregationalist Chapel and in 1870, a chapel designed by architect W. H. Harris, shared by Congregationalists and Baptists, was built on the Newton Hall Estate. By 1887, Newton Park Union Church, designed in the 14th century Decorated Gothic style by architect Archibald Neill, had been built at the east side of the chapel. By 1952, after deconsecration, the church was used as the Royal Air Force Association Club and became a Sikh temple in the 1960s. The 1870 chapel was used for a time as the Old Central Hebrew Congregational Synagogue.[21][22][23]

St Martin's Church (1879–81)

St Martin's Church, the Anglican parish church, off Chapeltown Road was built in 1879–1881 on land owned by the Lupton family.[24][25] The site for St Martin's had been confirmed in June 1876. The church, designed by Adams & Kelly of Leeds, was consecrated in 1881.[26] It was built of stone from local quarries. The stained glass was designed by Charles Eamer Kempe.[27][28] The original design had a steeple, but lack of funds prevented its construction. It now has a mainly West Indian congregation.[29][30][31]

Katherine Roubiliac Conder's diaries record her father, Eustace Conder, preaching at Newton Park Chapel in 1874. Herbert Gladstone, 1st Viscount Gladstone worshipped there in May 1880. In March 1880, Gladstonian liberalism was at its peak at Newton Park; Sir John Barran talked of himself and Herbert Gladstone, the Liberal M.P. for Leeds, as being "one man".[32] The Leeds Mercury reported on 8 October 1887 that the ceremony of the laying of the foundation stone of the Newton Park Union Church "will be performed by Mr. J. Barran, M.P. (later Sir), on behalf of the Baptists, and by Mr. E. Crossley, M.P., on behalf of the Congregationalists”.[33][34][35]

21st century[edit]

Transport Direct uses the names Potternewton and Chapeltown for separate areas. Potternewton is the small area around the north of Scott Hall Road around the Scott Hall Road/Potternewton Lane roundabout as most of the area is classified today as Chapeltown. West Yorkshire Metro and Transport Direct also identify the area as being in this location. Potternewton Lane is served by bus service 7.

Mill Field Primary Academy, formerly known as Potternewton Primary School, is on Potternewton Mount. The school converted to academy status on 1 December 2020.[36]

People of Potternewton[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Godfrey, A. (8 August 2017). "Old Ordnance Survey Maps of Leeds". Consett, Co Durham: Alan Godfrey Maps.
  2. ^ a b Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Names Society, 2017), p. 82.
  3. ^ Harry Parkin, Your City's Place-Names: Leeds, English Place-Name Society City-Names Series, 3 (Nottingham: English Place-Names Society, 2017), p. 73.
  4. ^ "Potter Newton West Riding". Vision of Britain. Retrieved 5 August 2017.
  5. ^ Westwood, S. (11 May 2018). Imagining Cities. Routledge. ISBN 9781351171182. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  6. ^ Moorhouse, S. (1981). West Yorkshire : an Archaeological Survey. West Yorkshire Metropolitan County Council. pp. 480–481. ISBN 9780861810017. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  7. ^ Great Britain. Court of Chancery, Thomas Vernon, John Raithby (1828). "Cases Argued and Adjudged in the High Court of Chancery". J. Butterworth and Son. p. 651. Retrieved 16 January 2019.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  8. ^ Barker, E. (1821). "The Will of M. A. M. Faber, with Facts and Observations Proving Its ..." Edmund Henry Barker 1821. p. 24-28. Retrieved 15 January 2019.
  9. ^ "Scott Hall – SALE". The Houseshop. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Potternewton Park Mansion, Harehills Lane". Leodis – A photographic history of Leeds. UK Gov Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  11. ^ Brown, W. (14 February 2013) [1909–1955]. Yorkshire Deeds:, Volume 1–10. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 9781108058407. Retrieved 17 January 2019.
  12. ^ Treen, Colin (2018). The Thoresby Society – The Society's Archives (Sales Particulars) (Report). The Thoresby Society.
  13. ^ "Sale – The Newton Hall Estate – Containing about 50 acres". Leeds Intelligencer. 16 June 1866. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  14. ^ "NEW BAPTIST AND CONGREGATIONAL UNION CHURCH IN LEEDS". Leeds Mercury. 8 October 1887. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  15. ^ The Poll Book of the Leeds Borough Election, July, 1837. R. Perring. 1837. p. 28.
  16. ^ Laycock, Mike (17 March 2015). "Duchess of Cambridge's links with stately home near York revealed". The Press. Retrieved 19 March 2015.
  17. ^ "Chapeltown Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). Leeds City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2018. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  18. ^ "Potternewton, entrance gates". Leodis – A photographic History of Leeds. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  19. ^ "Potternewton Hall, Potternewton Lane". Leodis – A photographic history of Leeds. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 29 August 2014.
  20. ^ "Leodis - A photographic archive of Leeds: Rockland; home of Francis Martineau Lupton and daughter Olive Middleton". Leeds City Council. Retrieved 16 December 2020.
  21. ^ "Leodis". Leodis – A photographic archive of Leeds. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  22. ^ Wolffe, J. (2000). Yorkshire Returns of the 1851 Census of Religious Worship: West Riding (North). Borthwick Publications. ISBN 9781904497103. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  23. ^ Mayhall, J. (1848). "The Annals of Yorkshire: From the Earliest Period to the Present Time, Volume 3". Simpkin, Marshall & Company. p. 440. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  24. ^ Historic England. "Church of St Martin, St Martin's View – Potternewton (1256154)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  25. ^ Conservation Area Appraisal, Chapeltown. "Chapeltown Conservation Area Appraisal" (PDF). UK GOV. Leeds City Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  26. ^ "St. Martin's Church". Leodis – a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  27. ^ Historic England. "St Martin's Church, St Martin's View, Potternewton (1256154)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  28. ^ Spark, W. (1892). Musical Reminiscences: Past and Present. Simpkin, Marshall, Hamilton, Kent & Company. Retrieved 6 March 2019.
  29. ^ "History". St Martin's Church, Leeds. Retrieved 1 March 2014.
  30. ^ "St Martin's Church, Chapeltown Road". Leodis – a photographic archive of Leeds. Retrieved 8 March 2014.
  31. ^ Broadbent, Helen. "Church Archives, St Martins Church". St Martins Church, Potternewton. Retrieved 17 September 2014.
  32. ^ Bebbington, D. (2000). Gladstone Centenary Essays. Liverpool University Press. pp. 138–152. ISBN 9780853239352. Retrieved 9 January 2019.
  33. ^ "NEW BAPTIST AND CONGREGATIONAL UNION CHURCH IN LEEDS". Leeds Mercury. Yorkshire, England. 8 October 1887. Retrieved 18 July 2020.
  34. ^ Jenkins, D. T. (2004). "Barran family (per. c.1842–1952)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 28 November 2007.
  35. ^ "Leodis – A photographic archive of Leeds". Leodis – A photographic archive of Leeds. Leeds City Council. Retrieved 25 July 2020.
  36. ^ Mill Field Primary Academy, accessed 19 January 2021
  37. ^ Herring, Sarah (30 May 2013) [2004]. "Holroyd, Sir Charles (1861–1917)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/33961. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links[edit]

Location grid[edit]

Coordinates: 53°49′13″N 1°32′00″W / 53.8202°N 1.5332°W / 53.8202; -1.5332