Poul Heegaard, ca. 1940
2 November 1871|
|Died||7 February 1948
|Institutions||University of Copenhagen, University of Oslo|
|Alma mater||University of Copenhagen|
Poul Heegaard (November 2, 1871, Copenhagen - February 7, 1948, Oslo) was a Danish mathematician active in the field of topology. His 1898 thesis introduced a concept now called the Heegaard splitting of a 3-manifold. Heegaard's ideas allowed him to make a careful critique of work of Henri Poincaré. Poincaré had overlooked the possibility of the appearance of torsion in the homology groups of a space.
Heegaard studied mathematics at the University of Copenhagen, from 1889 to 1893 and following years of travelling, and teaching mathematics, he was appointed professor at University of Copenhagen in 1910.
Following a dispute with the faculty over, among other things, the hiring of Harald Bohr as professor at the University (Heegaard was against it); Heegaard accepted a professorship at Oslo in Norway, where he worked till his retirement in 1941.
- Heegaard, Poul (1898), Forstudier til en topologisk Teori for de algebraiske Fladers Sammenhang (PDF), Thesis (in Danish), JFM 29.0417.02
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Poul Heegaard", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- Poul Heegaard at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- "Heegaard home page"
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