Poul Rudolph Gnatt, QSO (24 March 1923 – 15 October 1995) was a Danish dancer and balletmaster active in New Zealand.
Gnatt was born in Baden, Austria. His father was Kai Gnatt, flower merchant, and his mother Kaja Olsen, both from Denmark, to which they returned from Austria with Poul and his sister Kirsten six years after his birth, whereupon the children entered the ballet school of the Royal Danish Ballet. Brother and sister entered the parent company up graduation in 1939.
Gnatt achieved acclaim for his Coppélia, Sleeping Beauty, Le Spectre de la Rose and La Sylphide. During the Second World War, still in the ballet company, Gnatt worked with the Resistance as liaison for British special operations parachutists. After the war he joined Roland Petit's Ballets des Champs-Elysées in Paris, then the Metropolitan Ballet in London, where he met his longtime collaborator Harry Haythorne. His first marriage having ended in divorce; Poul married Rigmor Strøyberg in Copenhagen on 18 September 1951. That same year he joined the Borovansky Ballet, which regularly toured New Zealand (and which he would later lead under its new name, The Australian Ballet.) The following year he, Rigmor and their young sons moved to Auckland to teach ballet classes.
Gnatt and New Zealand ballet teachers Beryl Nettleton and Bettina Edwards performed at the Playhouse Theatre[a] and in His Majesty’s Theatre, Queen Street, which led to lecture-demonstrations with a quartet of dancers, starting with tours to rural centres in the North Island sponsored by the Community Arts Service of Auckland University College. In 1953 Gnatt established the New Zealand Ballet and directed it until 1962.
Dancers to come out of the company included Jon Trimmer, Russell Kerr, Rowena Jackson and Sara Neil. His sister, Kirsten Ralov, and her husband, Fredborn Bjornsson, visited in 1962 to dance in Bournonville's Napoli, its first production outside Denmark.
The company’s board, however, appointed a new director that year. Gnatt joined The Australian Ballet as balletmaster. He returned as interim director of the New Zealand Ballet from 1969 to 1971 and subsequently co-founded the Dance Theatre of the Philippines.
- Queen’s Service Order (1983) on the 30th anniversary of the New Zealand Ballet
- honorary doctorate of literature by Victoria University of Wellington (1994)
- The Royal New Zealand Ballet's principal studio was named in Gnatt’s honour when it moved into refurbished St James Theatre in Wellington in 1998.
- in Karangahape Road; later renamed the Mercury Theatre
- "Han heter Fin Gnatt". Bergens Tidende.
- Ashton, B. The New Zealand Ballet. Wellington, 1978
- Shennan, Jennifer. "Gnatt, Poul Rudolph 1923–1995". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, volume five (1941–1960), 2000, updated 22 June 2007
- Dancing Times 86, no 1023 (December 1995): 243
- Evening Post. 19 October 1995: 5