Pound Bend Tunnel

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The Pound Bend Tunnel.
Map of the Pound Bend diversion tunnel.

The Pound Bend Tunnel, or the Evelyn Tunnel, is a diversion tunnel on the Yarra River at Warrandyte, Victoria, Australia, approximately 24 km north-east of Melbourne. The tunnel is 145 metres long, six metres wide and four metres deep. [1] [2]

The tunnel is in the Pound Bend section of the Warrandyte State Park. [3]

History[edit]

The Evelyn Tunnel Mining Company, a public company, was formed on 8 February 1870 . The object was to create a tunnel through the narrow section where the Yarra River turns back on itself and divert the river through it. This left five kilometres of river bed which could be mined for alluvial gold. The returns approximated the costs involved, the company never paid a dividend and was wound up in September 1872. [4]

In 1884 the idea of using the tunnel to generate electricity was proposed, and in 1888 a company was formed for that purpose. The Melbourne Water Power Co. aimed to supply power to all of Melbourne from the scheme, but the venture did not proceed. The idea arose again in the 1920s, this time to supply the Warrandyte community, which was not able to fund the provision of power through the State Electricity Commission of Victoria (SEC).

The nearby diversion channel at The Island was cut for a similar purpose in 1859. There are similar tunnels on the upper Yarra River at Big Peninsula and Little Peninsula between Warburton and McMahons Creek, and on other Victorian rivers.

The site is listed on the Victorian Heritage Register and is included in an Heritage Overlay. [1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Pound Bend Gold Diversion Tunnel, Victorian Heritage Register (VHR) Number H1260, Heritage Overlay HO141". Victorian Heritage Database. Heritage Victoria. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  2. ^ "Historic Gold Mining Sites in the St Andrews Mining Division", Victorian Goldfields Project, Department of Natural Resources and Environment, July 1999, archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-03-08 
  3. ^ Warrandyte State Park (PDF), Parks Victoria, retrieved 13 September 2010 
  4. ^ Frequently Asked Questions, Warrandyte Historical Society, retrieved 13 September 2010 

Coordinates: 37°44′20″S 145°12′00″E / 37.73889°S 145.20000°E / -37.73889; 145.20000