Pound Cake speech

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Bill Cosby in 2006

The Pound Cake speech was given by Bill Cosby in May 2004 during an NAACP awards ceremony in Washington, D.C., to commemorate the 50th anniversary of the Brown v. Board of Education Supreme Court decision.[1]

Overview[edit]

In the speech, which was subsequently widely disseminated and analysed, Cosby was highly critical of members of subsets of the black community in the United States. He criticized the use of African American Vernacular English, the prevalence of single-parent families, the emphasis on frivolous and conspicuous consumption at the expense of necessities, lack of responsibility, and other behaviours.[citation needed]

In 2015, eleven years later, in circumstances described as "ironic",[2][3] the speech was cited by Judge Eduardo C. Robreno as an example of Cosby's role as "public moralist", when he unsealed court records to reveal Cosby's admissions of infidelity and use of drugs (Quaaludes) to seduce women.[4][3] Robreno referenced this Wikipedia page in his decision and wrote that, by volunteering to the public "his views on, among other things, childrearing, family life, education, and crime",[3][5] Cosby had "narrowed the zone of privacy that he is entitled to claim".[2] The motion was brought by the Associated Press and the admissions gave rise to further allegations that Cosby had committed numerous sexual assaults.[citation needed]

Content[edit]

The speech is often referred to as the "Pound Cake" speech because of the following lines, referencing a particular dessert, pound cake, for comedic effect, while contrasting common criminals with political activists who risked incarceration during the civil rights movement in the 1950s and 1960s:

But these people, the ones up here in the balcony fought so hard. Looking at the incarcerated, these are not political criminals. These are people going around stealing Coca-Cola. People getting shot in the back of the head over a piece of pound cake! And then we all run out and are outraged, 'The cops shouldn't have shot him.' What the hell was he doing with the pound cake in his hand? I wanted a piece of pound cake just as bad as anybody else, and I looked at it and I had no money. And something called parenting said, 'If you get caught with it you’re going to embarrass your mother.' Not 'You're going to get your butt kicked.' No. 'You're going to embarrass your family.'

Bill Cosby also covers the issues of drop-out rates and young people going to jail. He blames lack of parenting for these issues within these communities:

"In the neighborhood that most of us grew up in, parenting is not going on. In the old days, you couldn't hooky school because every drawn shade was an eye. And before your mother got off the bus and to the house, she knew exactly where you had gone, who had gone into the house, and where you got on whatever you had on and where you got it from. Parents don't know that today."[6]

In the speech, Cosby says that African Americans should no longer blame discrimination, segregation, governmental institutions, or others for higher unemployment rates among Blacks or the racial achievement gap; rather, they have their own culture of poverty to blame.[7]

In the same speech, he had praise for the efforts of the Nation of Islam in dealing with crime in the cities, saying:

"When you want to clear your neighborhood out, first thing you do is go get the Black Muslims, bean pies and all. And your neighborhood is then clear."

After that statement, he pointed out the police's inability to resolve the crime problem:

"The police can't do it."

He then had critical remarks for Black Christians' seeming inability to create positive social change for the urban population to which he was referring:

"I'm telling you Christians, what's wrong with you? Why can't you hit the streets? Why can't you clean it out yourselves?"

Reception[edit]

The Christian Broadcasting Network says that the speech applies not only to African Americans but also to all Americans and their children. CBN also covers the end of Cosby's speech where he encourages listeners to go to their families and improve their parents so, in turn, the black community can improve:

"Well, I've got something to tell you about Jesus. When you go to the church, look at the stained glass things of Jesus. Look at them. Is Jesus smiling? Not in one picture. So, tell your friends. Let's try to do something. Let's try to make Jesus smile. Let's start parenting. Thank you, thank you."[8]

In her book responding to the speech entitled Bill Cosby is Right, What Should the Church Be Doing About It?, Merisa Parson Davis discusses the role of strong families in the community and the church. She also points out statistics that have not changed since the speech was given. These statistics include: Homicide is still the leading cause of death for black boys ages 12 to 19; one out of three black men ages 20-29 are under some form of criminal justice supervision; and only 28 percent of black children are growing up with a mother and father in the home.[8]

Sociologist Michael Eric Dyson criticized Cosby in his book Is Bill Cosby Right? Or Has the Black Middle Class Lost Its Mind? (2005). Dyson stated that Cosby built up years of mainstream credibility by ignoring race in his comedy routines and in his television programs, but then chose, with the Pound Cake speech, to address the issues of race by chastising poor Blacks rather than by defending them. Dyson says that, in blaming low income Blacks for not taking personal responsibility, Cosby is ignoring "white society's responsibility in creating the problems he wants the poor to fix on their own".[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coates, Ta-Nehisi (May 2008). "'This Is How We Lost to the White Man': The audacity of Bill Cosby's black conservatism". The Atlantic Monthly. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  2. ^ a b Jones, Layla A. (7 July 2015). "Judge used Cosby's 'Pound Cake' speech to justify unsealing court documents". Philly.com. Retrieved 2015-08-04. 
  3. ^ a b c Moyer, Justin Wm. (7 July 2015). "How Bill Cosby’s 2004 ‘Pound Cake’ speech exploded into his latest legal disaster". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2015-08-04. 
  4. ^ Winter, Tom (7 July 2015). "Bill Cosby Said He Gave Quaaludes to Woman Before Sex: Court Documents". NBC News. Retrieved 20 July 2015. 
  5. ^ Times, Los Angeles (8 July 2015). "How Bill Cosby's 'Pound Cake' speech backfired on the comedian". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2015-08-04. 
  6. ^ Cosby, Bill. "Dr. Bill Cosby Speaks". Eight Cities Media & Publications. 
  7. ^ Alonso, Gaston; Anderson, Noel; Su, Celina (2009). Our schools suck: students talk back to a segregated nation on the failures of urban education. NYU Press. p. 33. ISBN 0-8147-8308-2. 
  8. ^ a b Graham, Efrem (February 20, 2011). "'Pound Cake' Speech Today: Was Bill Cosby Right?". 
  9. ^ B.P. (Summer 2006). "Book Review: Is Bill Cosby Right?". Harvard Educational Review. 

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