List of countries by percentage of population living in poverty
"Poverty" defined as an economic condition of lacking both money and basic necessities needed to successfully live, such as food, water, education, healthcare, and shelter. There are many working definitions of "poverty," with considerable debate on how to best define the term .
Lack of income security, economic stability and the predictability of one's continued means to meet basic needs all serve as absolute indicators of poverty. Poverty may therefore also be defined as the economic condition of lacking predictable and stable means of meeting basic life needs.
The first table refers to the lists of countries by the percentage of their population with an income of less than 1.90, and less than 2, US dollars per day. The sourced data refers to the most recent year available during the period 1992-2011.
The second table lists countries by the percentage of the population living below the national poverty line — the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.
Definitions of the poverty line do vary considerably among nations. For example, rich nations generally employ more generous standards of poverty than poor nations. Even among rich nations, the standards differ greatly. Thus, the numbers are not comparable among countries. Even when nations do use the same method, some issues may remain.
Only countries for which sourced data is available are listed. Data of countries, including Libya, Saudi Arabia remains unavailable. It's usually accepted, that over one third (33.3%) of the population in these countries lives below the poverty line.
|Population living under 1.90,
2 dollar (PPP) and 4 dollar a day (%)
(International poverty line)
|Population living below national poverty line (%)|
- "http://inequalitywatch.eu/spip.php?article99" Eurostat 2010
- Libya Economy 2013 CIA factbook
- One third of the Saudi Arabia's population lives under the poverty line, 5 August 2013
- "World Development Indicators". World Bank. July 9, 2012. Retrieved July 25, 2012.
- http://povertydata.worldbank.org/poverty/region/LAC | Retrieved May 12, 2015
- World DataBank Poverty and Inequality Database |http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/variableselection/selectvariables.aspx?source=Poverty-and-Inequality-Database | http://databank.worldbank.org/data/views/reports/tableview.aspx , Poverty headcount ratio at $4 a day (PPP) (% of population) |Retrieved May 12, 2015
- urban only
- "Bangladesh People Under $1". Banglanews24. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- August 2014 "The Gambian Population Below Poverty Line" Check
- "World Databank". Databank.worldbank.org. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- Population below poverty line, The World Factbook, CIA, accessed on July 25, 2012.
- Based on percent of population living on less than the international standard of $2/day (2009 est.).
- "Panorama social de América Latina 2010" (PDF). ECLAC (in Spanish). Retrieved December 1, 2010.
- This figure is the Low Income Cut-Off (LICO), a calculation that results in higher figures than found in many comparable economies; Canada does not have an official poverty line (2008).
- Basic Needs Poverty Measure, an absolute poverty measure calculated by the Fraser Institute. (See related article, Poverty in Canada.)
- "La CASEN 2011, precisiones de la CEPAL" (PDF) (in Spanish). United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean. 1 September 2012. Retrieved 1 September 2012. Note: The figure is on page 5 of the report.
- In 2011, China set a new poverty line at RMB 2300 (approximately US $400; this new standard is significantly higher than the line set in 2009, and as a result, 128 million Chinese are now considered below the poverty line (2011).
- Urban areas.
- [dead link]
- Israel's poverty line is $7.30 per person per day (2012).
- About one-third of Libyans live at or below the national poverty line.
- "Poverty Line" (PDF). Stat.gov.mk. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- The UNDP's 2005 Human Development Report indicated that 34.9% of the population live on $1 per day and 55.8% live on $2 per day (2005 est.).
- Poverty data: http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2007/100577.htm Norway. Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2007], US Department of State; Population: Norway - CIA The World Factbook.
- "Below the line: Increasing poverty affecting 40% population, says report". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
- Structure of money incomes and share of expenditures in money incomes of population (Russian).
- "El 21,1% de la población española, por debajo del umbral de pobreza". cadenaser.com. Retrieved 2015-07-04.
- "Newsletter-ang.pub" (PDF). Investintunisia.tn. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- "::Welcome to Turkish Statistical Institute(TurkStat)'s Web Pages::". TurkStat. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- Fatema Al Kamali and Hamda Al Bastaki. "Any poor Emiratis out there? - The National". Thenational.ae. Retrieved 2012-11-17.
- "Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2013". US Census.
- Global Distribution of Poverty Global poverty datasets and map collection