Powder Valley, Pennsylvania
|Elevation||205 m (673 ft)|
|Time zone||UTC-5 (Eastern (EST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-4 (EDT)|
Powder Valley (Pennsylvania German: Pulwerdaal) is a village in southern Upper Milford Township, Lehigh County, Pennsylvania, United States. It is located on the Indian Creek, which comes from the NW, turns south, and flows through a gorge starting there into the Hosensack Creek (a tributary of the Perkiomen Creek.) The village uses the Zionsville zip code of 18092. Stahl's Pottery was located in Powder Valley off Corning Road.
The area of modern day Powder Valley was once inhabited by the Lenni Lenape tribe and lived on for almost 10,000 years. The Lenape tribes were known to live along river fronts or creeks and using the fertile land around these areas for farming purposes. Due to the overwhelming harvesting and planting of the land, it degraded its quality and eventually could no longer sustain crop, leading to the land becoming uninhabitable and the tribes slowly left the area. In the 17th century, Dutch colonists arrived into the area and began buying animal pelts from the Lenape in exchange for European products. In 1682, William Penn and Quaker colonists arrived and founded the Pennsylvania Colony in the lower Delaware River. A peace treaty was signed with the newly arriving English and Lenape tribes, however in the decades building up an estimated 20,000 colonists arrived in the area forcing the Lenape to keep up with the colonists. The colony displaced many Lenape people and others were forced to assimilate.
William Penn then died in 1718, his two remaining sons, John and Thomas Penn, along with the leaders running the colony, stopped practicing of William Penn's policies. Attempting to gain more money, they began considering selling land belonging to the Lenape in a agreement with the Penn family now known as the Walking Purchase. The Lenape were displaced from their land and as a result began raiding Pennsylvanian settlements. In 1788, most of the lasting Lenape were no longer living in the Pennsylvania region and began settling in the Ohio region.
After 1733, a large number of German colonists arrived into the lower Lehigh Valley area and began building homesteads in the immediate vicinity. It is thought that the Lenape in the area were either amiable or there were simply too little tribes in the area, however it was decided to build in the area in 1734. Originally Powder Valley was known as Piercetown, it was then changed to Powder Mill Valley, then shortened to its current name Powder Valley.
- "lenni-Lenape". tadubois.com. Retrieved 2021-02-06.
- O', James; Spady, Neil. ""Colonialism and the Discursive Antecedents of Penn's Treaty with the Indians," in William A. Pencak and Daniel K. Richter, eds., From Native America to Penn's Woods: Colonists, Indians, and the Racial Construction of Pennsylvania (State College: Pennsylvania State University Press, 2004), 18-40". Cite journal requires
- Beulah, Miller (1976). The History of Powder Valley. p. 1.