Powell River, British Columbia

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Powell River

qathet
City of Powell River
Powell River Mill and townsite area of Powell River. The river runs from Powell Lake (background) to the mill.
Powell River Mill and townsite area of Powell River. The river runs from Powell Lake (background) to the mill.
Powell River is located in British Columbia
Powell River
Powell River
Location of Powell River in British Columbia
Coordinates: 49°50′07″N 124°31′29″W / 49.83528°N 124.52472°W / 49.83528; -124.52472Coordinates: 49°50′07″N 124°31′29″W / 49.83528°N 124.52472°W / 49.83528; -124.52472
Country Canada
Province British Columbia
RegionSunshine Coast
Regional Districtqathet
Established1912
Incorporated1955
Reincorporated as a City2005
Government
 • MayorDave Formosa
 • City Council
List of Councillors
Area
 • City28.91 km2 (11.16 sq mi)
 • Metro
800.72 km2 (309.16 sq mi)
Elevation
50 m (164 ft)
Population
 (2016)[2]
 • City13,157
 • Density444.1/km2 (1,150/sq mi)
 • Metro
16,783
 • Metro density21.0/km2 (54/sq mi)
 District pop = 20,070
Time zoneUTC-8 (Pacific Standard (PST))
Forward sortation area
Area code(s)604
Websitewww.powellriver.ca

Powell River is a city on the northern Sunshine Coast of southwestern British Columbia, Canada.[3] Most of its population lives near the eastern shores of Malaspina Strait, which is part of the larger Georgia Strait between Vancouver Island and the Mainland. With two intervening long, steep-sided fjords inhibiting the construction of a contiguous road connection with Vancouver to the south, geographical surroundings explain Powell River's remoteness as a community, despite relative proximity to Vancouver and other populous areas of the BC Coast. The city is the location of the head office of the qathet Regional District.

History[edit]

Town millworkers chartered the first credit union in British Columbia in 1939.

Prior to the establishment of European settlement in the area, the area was inhabited by Coast Salish peoples of the Tla'amin Nation and was used as a landing spot for gold prospectors coming from Vancouver Island who were treading their way to the Fraser River to find quick fortune prior to the creation of the Cariboo Road.[citation needed]

The Powell River was named for Israel Wood Powell, Powell was a prominent doctor who became the first president of the Medical Council of British Columbia and for a short time served in the Legislative Assembly of Vancouver island. He was travelling up the coast of BC in the 1880s and the river and lake were named after him. Powell was a supporter of B.C. being part of the union with Canada and brought the first Canadian flag to BC on June 17, 1871.

The pulp mill was started in 1908, with a corresponding townsite company town commenced in 1910: the first roll of paper was produced at Powell River Mill in 1912. Similarly, large logging companies had earlier moved in to take advantage of the huge timber. Brooks, Scanlon & Obrien; Bloedel, Stewart and Welch; and Theodosia Logging were but a few logging companies, with the Brooks brothers and M.J. Scanlon forming the Powell River Company, western Canada's first pulp and paper mill. The Historic Townsite was designated a National Historic Site of Canada in 1995, recognizing the exceptionally well preserved early 20th Century planned community, rooted firmly in the Garden City Design Movement and the Arts and Crafts philosophy.[4]

When the British Columbia Credit Unions Act was passed in 1939, a study club organized by local millworkers secured the first charter with a deposit of $48.30. The mill provided a small office space at very low rent in the early years. By 1955, when the Powell River Credit Union (now 'First Credit Union') moved into a permanent office, it had over 3,000 members and $1 million in assets.[5]

The mill in Powell River was at one time the largest pulp and paper mill in the world. In its prime, one in every 25 newspapers in the world was printed on paper from the Powell River mill. However, since then it has significantly cut back on production and now produces newsprint and specialty papers for Catalyst Paper. The mill is downsizing, and only three paper machines (#9, #10 and #11) remain in production, thus laying off hundreds of employees. The subsequent diversification of the local economy led to an increased focus on ecotourism and the arts, in addition to more traditional resources like mining, fishing, and general forestry. In recognition of its strong arts and cultural programs, Powell River was named a "Cultural Capital of Canada" in 2004.

The Powell River area is the current home to the Tla A'min Nation of the Mainland Comox branch of the Coast Salish peoples, who still reside there to this day. Their village is commonly referred to as Sliammon (the usual English adaptation of Tla'Amin).

Sports teams[edit]

Powell River is host to the Powell River Kings, a member team of the British Columbia Hockey League, and Powell River Villa, who play in the Vancouver Island Soccer League. Powell River also has many youth sports teams and associations. PRYHA is the youth hockey associations with house & rep teams. Powell River's gymnastics association has produced many reputable gymnasts.[citation needed]

Powell River's youth baseball league is called the P.R.M.B.A. It consists of six different age groups known as T-Ball, Tadpole, Mosquito, Pee Wee, Bantam, and Midget/Junior.[6]

Attractions[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Powell River Visitor Information Centre is located at 4760 Joyce Avenue. Here you will find helpful staff ready to provide maps and directions, offer local services, help source and book local adventures and tours as well as secure accommodation. http://www.tourism-powellriver.ca [7] Nearby Texada Island with quiet beaches and lakes provides tourism opportunities and is a common weekend destination for the cities' residents. Both Texada Island and Powell River are popular for fishing, hunting, sailing, power boating camping and remote hiking.

Historic & heritage sites[edit]

The Patricia Theatre is Canada's oldest continuously operating theatre. The theatre was built in 1913 and then rebuilt in 1928. The theatre was built in a Spanish renaissance-style which gave it good acoustics. Powell River Historical Museum depicts the interactions between the pioneers and First Nations as well as showing the tools and items that would have been used by those groups. The Townsite Heritage Society was formed in 1992 with the following objectives stated in its Constitution: To protect, enhance, maintain and promote the historical character and integrity of the traditional neighbourhood and business section of the Powell River Townsite by educating children, adults and tourists.

Festivals[edit]

Powell River hosts a number of festivals that highlight local interest and culture, including the Blackberry Festival, Pacific Region International Summer Music Academy (PRISMA) Festival, Townsite Jazz Festival, International Choral Kathaumixw, and the Sunshine Music Festival.

Sunshine Coast Trail[edit]

Powell River is home to the Sunshine Coast Trail,[8] Canada's longest hut-to-hut hiking trail.[9] The free-access 180 kilometre back-country trail meanders through a wide variety of landscapes, including coastal shorelines, old-growth forest, panoramic mountaintops, pristine creeks and lakes and salmon streams.[10]

Transportation[edit]

Ports at Powell River

While located on the mainland and not an island by definition, this is a community isolated by ocean and mountains and is only accessible from the rest of the B.C. by water (BC Ferries). Powell River is located on Highway 101, but that highway itself has two ferries on it before arriving at Horseshoe Bay in West Vancouver. The alternative access to the town is a ferry crossing from Comox on Vancouver Island. Since the Sunshine Coast is similarly isolated from the rest of the BC mainland, vehicles from Vancouver must take two ferries to reach Powell River (across Howe Sound and the Jervis Inlet, if travelling via Sechelt; and across Georgia Strait twice if going via Nanaimo). The surrounding inlets (fjords) banked by mountainous terrain have made land based road connections to other areas of the BC mainland a expensive proposal. One land based route connecting Powell River to Highway 99 near Squamish has been studied, but would require two tunnels (4.5km and 8.0km long) and cost around 5 billion dollars.[11] All of the towns roads are 2 lane residential roads, Highway 101 forms a main street in Westview lined small shops.

Powell River has two ferry terminals, both of which belong to BC Ferries. The Westview Ferry Terminal is located near the cities downtown and provides service to Comox and Vancouver Island onboard the Salish Eagle and to Texada Island on the Island Discovery. The Saltery Bay Ferry Terminal is located 23km south on Highway 101 and provides access to the Sunshine Coast on the Malaspina Sky via route to Earl's Cove near Skookumchuck Narrows.

Powell River has a small airport with a single 1,200 meter long runway and a compact indoor waiting terminal. It is currently serviced by Pacific Coastal Airlines, which offers 20- to 25-minute flights between Powell River Airport and the South Terminal of Vancouver's International Airport. Charter flights and private aircraft also make use the runway on a regular basis.

The City of Powell River also has a small network of public transportation Bus routes.

City of Powell River[edit]

The City of Powell River includes the original Townsite, which became designated a National Historic District in 1995, one of only seven in Canada. There is also the more populous Westview, and the Cranberry and Wildwood areas. On October 15, 2005, coinciding with its 50th anniversary of incorporation, Powell River was officially designated a city.

Townsite and Cranberry are connected by three roads by the names of Lombardy Ave,[12] Timberlane Ave,[13] and Hemlock Street.[14]

Demographics[edit]

Powell River had a population of 13,165 people in the 2011 census, which was an increase of 1.6% from the 2006 census count. The median household income in 2005 for Powell River was $46,777, which is below the British Columbia provincial average of $52,709.[15]

Canada 2006 Census Population % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[16]
Chinese 70 0.6%
South Asian 35 0.3%
African Canadian 50 0.4%
Filipino 60 0.5%
Latin American 15 0.1%
Southeast Asian 0 0%
Arab 0 0%
West Asian 0 0%
Korean 35 0.3%
Japanese 75 0.6%
Other visible minority 0 0%
Mixed visible minority 10 0.1%
Total visible minority population 365 2.9%
Aboriginal group
Source:[17]
First Nations 370 2.9%
Métis 0 0%
Inuit 0 0%
Total Aboriginal population 370 2.9%
Caucasian 11,955 94.2%
Total population 12,690 100%

Geography[edit]

Climate and ecosystem[edit]

The city has an exceptional Mediterranean climate of the warm-summer type (Köppen: Csb), resulting in the most northerly location in the homonym hemisphere, being that in Europe it is 5° further south.[18] Although the hot season is dry, the vegetation reflects its location west of the mid-latitudes and who can describe the climate differently being situated within a temperate rainforest,[19] Coastal Western Hemlock biogeoclimatic zone the mild winters and high humidity (although it has a defined dry season) it owns a wide zone of growth with firs, cedars and conifers.[20] On average, the CWH is the rainiest biogeoclimatic zone in British Columbia. The zone typically has a cool mesothermal climate: cool summers (although hot dry spells can be frequent) and mild winters.

Mean annual temperature is about 8 °C (46.4 °F) and ranges from 5.2 to 10.5 °C (41.4 to 50.9 °F) among the CWH subzones. The mean monthly temperature is above 10 °C (50 °F) for 4–6 months of the year. The mean temperature of the coldest month is 0.2 °C (32.4 °F) and ranges from −6.6 to 4.7 °C (20.1 to 40.5 °F) among the subzones. Mean annual precipitation for the zone as a whole is 2,228 mm (87.7 in), and ranges from 1,000 to 4,400 mm (39.4 to 173.2 in) (and probably more in some areas). Less than 15% of total precipitation occurs as snowfall in the south, but as much as 40-50% in the northern parts of the zone.[21]

Climate data for Powell River Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high humidex 13.2 14.9 18 24.8 35.5 34.5 39.6 34.8 32.9 27.1 17.1 15.1 39.6
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
17.8
(64.0)
18.9
(66.0)
25.6
(78.1)
34.1
(93.4)
32.2
(90.0)
34.4
(93.9)
32.8
(91.0)
31.5
(88.7)
24.9
(76.8)
15.6
(60.1)
13.9
(57.0)
34.4
(93.9)
Average high °C (°F) 5.8
(42.4)
6.9
(44.4)
9.4
(48.9)
12.8
(55.0)
16.5
(61.7)
19.4
(66.9)
22.1
(71.8)
22.3
(72.1)
18.7
(65.7)
12.6
(54.7)
7.7
(45.9)
5.3
(41.5)
13.3
(55.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 3.6
(38.5)
3.9
(39.0)
5.9
(42.6)
8.6
(47.5)
11.9
(53.4)
14.9
(58.8)
17.2
(63.0)
17.2
(63.0)
14.1
(57.4)
9.4
(48.9)
5.3
(41.5)
3.1
(37.6)
9.6
(49.3)
Average low °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.9
(33.6)
2.3
(36.1)
4.3
(39.7)
7.3
(45.1)
10.4
(50.7)
12.3
(54.1)
12.1
(53.8)
9.4
(48.9)
6.1
(43.0)
2.8
(37.0)
0.9
(33.6)
5.8
(42.4)
Record low °C (°F) −16.7
(1.9)
−15
(5)
−12.2
(10.0)
−5
(23)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39.0)
1.7
(35.1)
−1.1
(30.0)
−5.5
(22.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
−13.9
(7.0)
−16.7
(1.9)
Record low wind chill −8.7 −15.8 −7.8 −1.9 0 0 0 0 0 −5.2 −16 −13 −16
Average precipitation mm (inches) 158.9
(6.26)
109.4
(4.31)
110.7
(4.36)
83.3
(3.28)
76.6
(3.02)
67.6
(2.66)
37.5
(1.48)
45.3
(1.78)
54.7
(2.15)
125.8
(4.95)
178
(7.0)
157.8
(6.21)
1,205.4
(47.46)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 145.7
(5.74)
101.9
(4.01)
104.2
(4.10)
83.2
(3.28)
76.6
(3.02)
67.6
(2.66)
37.5
(1.48)
45.3
(1.78)
54.7
(2.15)
125.5
(4.94)
171.6
(6.76)
146.5
(5.77)
1,160
(45.7)
Average snowfall cm (inches) 13.6
(5.4)
7.8
(3.1)
6.8
(2.7)
0.1
(0.0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.3
(0.1)
6.5
(2.6)
11.5
(4.5)
46.5
(18.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.2 mm) 20.2 16.2 19.3 16.4 13.8 11.5 8 7.8 9.3 17.4 21.3 20.5 181.6
Average rainy days (≥ 0.2 mm) 18.9 15 18.9 16.4 13.8 11.5 8 7.8 9.3 17.3 20.6 19.2 176.7
Average snowy days (≥ 0.2 cm) 3.2 2.1 1.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.1 1.6 3.2 11.7
Average relative humidity (%) 85.3 76.2 69.5 61 58.5 59.1 57 57.5 63.3 75.8 83.5 86.5 69.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 42.8 78.5 128.7 178.1 226.9 224.3 279.6 263.9 207.1 110.9 47.9 35.2 1,823.7
Percent possible sunshine 16 27.6 35 43.2 47.6 46 56.8 58.9 54.6 33.1 17.5 13.9 37.5
Source: [22]

Education[edit]

A regional campus of Vancouver Island University is located in Powell River.

The Powell River School Board (School District 47 Powell River) operates eight schools which includes Brooks Secondary School (high school), James Thomson, Henderson, Edgehill, Grief Point (now the location of Powell River Christian School), Kelly Creek, and Texada (elementaries) as well as Westview Learning Centre. In 2013, A brand new $15.6 million Elementary school named Westview Elementary was opened. It is the replacement of the old Grief Point School.

The Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britannique operates two Francophone schools: école Côte-du-soleil (primary and junior high school) and école secondaire Brooks.[23]

Private Other elementary schools in the region include Assumption Catholic School (K-9) and Powell River Christian School (Pre-School, K-9).

Power supply[edit]

East of Saltery Bay, a powerline crosses Jervis Inlet on a span of 3.1 kilometres (1.9 mi).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ https://www.prpeak.com/news/powell-river-electors-return-george-doubt-to-city-council-1.23783317
  2. ^ "Population and Dwelling Counts". Retrieved 2013-02-19.
  3. ^ BC Names/GeoBC entry "Powell River (town)"
  4. ^ Powell River Townsite Historic District. Canadian Register of Historic Places. Retrieved 28 January 2012.
  5. ^ First Credit Union website
  6. ^ "Powell River Minor Baseball Association". Powell River Minor Baseball Association.
  7. ^ https://www.prpeak.com/news/tourism-powell-river-receives-rural-community-development-grant-1.24155673
  8. ^ Sunshine Coast Trail | Hut-to-hut hiking | Powell River
  9. ^ Mosteller, Matt (2016-07-04). "Testing your limits on Vancouver Island's West Coast Trail". The Globe and Mail. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  10. ^ Mundy, Jane (2016-05-25). "From the trails to the food, everything's fresher on B.C.'s Sunshine Coast". National Post. Postmedia News. Retrieved 2016-08-09.
  11. ^ "Sunshine Coast Fixed Link Feasibility Study" (PDF). BC Government. Retrieved February 8, 2021.
  12. ^ "Lombardy Ave". google.ca/maps.
  13. ^ "Timberlane Ave". google.ca/maps.
  14. ^ "Winky Wonk/Hemlock Street". google.ca/maps.
  15. ^ "Powell River, British Columbia - Detailed City Profile". Retrieved 2009-10-01.
  16. ^ "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision". 2.statcan.gc.ca. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  17. ^ "Aboriginal Peoples - Data table". 2.statcan.ca. 2010-10-06. Retrieved 2013-04-13.
  18. ^ "Interactive North America Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  19. ^ "Interactive North America Koppen-Geiger Climate Classification Map". www.plantmaps.com. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  20. ^ "Coastal Western Hemlock". www.crd.bc.ca. 2013-11-14. Retrieved 2019-03-08.
  21. ^ Vern Meidinger, Dellis; Jim Pojar (1991). Ecosystems of British Columbia. Research Branch, Ministry of Forests, 1991. p. 330. ISBN 978-0-7718-8997-4. Retrieved 2009-07-11.
  22. ^ "Calculation Information for 1981 to 2010 Canadian Normals Data". Environment Canada. Archived from the original on January 27, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
  23. ^ "Carte des écoles." Conseil scolaire francophone de la Colombie-Britanique. Retrieved on 22 January 2015.

External links[edit]

[1] The Townsite Heritage Society is a valuable member of the Powell River Community and City. The Townsite Heritage Society was formed in 1992 with the following objectives stated in its Constitution: To protect, enhance, maintain and promote the historical character and integrity of the traditional neighbourhood and business section of the Powell River Townsite by educating children, adults and tourists[2]