Power sector of Andhra Pradesh

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Power sector of Andhra Pradesh is divided into 4 categories namely Regulation, Generation, Transmission and Distribution. Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission (APERC) is the regulatory body.[1] APGENCO deals with the electricity production and also maintenance, proposes new projects and upgrades existing ones as well.[2] The APGENCO also set up a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), named as Andhra Pradesh Power Development Company Limited (APPDCL), a joint venture company of APGENCO (with 50% equity) and IL&FS (50% equity) to set up Krishnapatanam thermal power project (2x800 MW).[3]

APTRANSCO is set up for transmission of power.[4] Power distribution in the state is divided into two divisions, namely Eastern Power Distribution Corporation Limited (EPDCL) and Southern Power Distribution Corporation Limited (SPDCL), which distributes the power to the households and the industries.[5] APGENCO, APPDCL, NTPC and other private firms contribute to the generation of power in the state of Andhra Pradesh.[6] Andhra Pradesh has become the second state in India to achieve 100% electrification of all households.[7]

The total installed utility power generation capacity is nearly 21,000 MW in the state. Only 13,688.80 MW is the committed power supply to the state. APtransCo has made long term power purchase agreements for 10,718.31 MW as of 31 January 2016.[8] Rest of the capacity is exporting electricity mainly to Telangana state depending on fuel availability. The per capita electricity consumption is 1003 units with 48,323 million KWh gross electricity supplied in the year 2014–15.[9][10] The performance of Krishnapatanam thermal power station (2X800 MW) with super critical pressure technology is not satisfactory even after one year commercial operation as the units rarely operate at rated capacity forcing the state to purchase costly power from day ahead trading in IEX.[11][12]

Power sector of Andhra Pradesh flow chart
Dr Narla Tata Rao Thermal Power Station (500 MW Unit)

Non-renewable[edit]

Thermal power[edit]

Map of coal based thermal power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
Krishnapatnam
Krishnapatnam
Ibrahimpatnam
Ibrahimpatnam
Parawada
Parawada
Muddanur
Muddanur
Thamminapatnam
Thamminapatnam
Pudimadaka
Pudimadaka
Polaki
Polaki
Map of coal based thermal power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Blue are operational and Red are proposed[13]

Thermal power plants are based on the fuel coal, gas, diesel etc. Public sector undertaking NTPC, state level power generating companies and private firms are engaged in this sector for power generation.

Currently operating coal based thermal power plants in Andhra Pradesh are listed below.[14]

Name Operator Location District Sector Capacity
(MW)
Coordinates
Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant NTPC Parawada Visakhapatnam Central 2,000 17°35′38″N 83°5′23″E / 17.59389°N 83.08972°E / 17.59389; 83.08972 (Simhadri Super Thermal Power Plant)
Dr Narla Tatarao TPS APGENCO Ibrahimpatnam Krishna State 1,760 16°35′58″N 80°32′12″E / 16.59944°N 80.53667°E / 16.59944; 80.53667 (Dr Narla Tata Rao Thermal Power Station)
Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station[15] APGENCO Muddanur Kadapa State 1,050 14°42′14″N 78°27′29″E / 14.70389°N 78.45806°E / 14.70389; 78.45806 (Rayalaseema Thermal Power Station)
Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station APPDCL Krishnapatnam Nellore Joint 1,600 14°19′39″N 80°07′15″E / 14.32750°N 80.12083°E / 14.32750; 80.12083 (Sri Damodaram Sanjeevaiah Thermal Power Station)
Vizag Thermal Power Station HNPCL Gajuwaka Visakhapatnam Private 1040 17°33′45″N 83°8′15″E / 17.56250°N 83.13750°E / 17.56250; 83.13750 (Hinduja Thermal Power Station)
Simhapuri Thermal Power Station SEPL Krishnapatanam Nellore Private 600 14°12′35″N 80°05′23″E / 14.20972°N 80.08972°E / 14.20972; 80.08972 (Simhapuri Thermal Power Station)
Meenakshi Thermal Power Station MEPL Krishnapatanam Nellore Private 300 14°12′57″N 80°05′19″E / 14.21583°N 80.08861°E / 14.21583; 80.08861 (Meenakshi Thermal Power Station)
Thermal Powertech corporation India limited TPCIL Krishnapatanam Nellore Private 1,320 14°19′45″N 80°08′27″E / 14.32917°N 80.14083°E / 14.32917; 80.14083 (Pynampuram Power Station)
SGPL Power Station SGPL Krishnapatanam Nellore Private 1,320 14°21′5″N 80°08′37″E / 14.35139°N 80.14361°E / 14.35139; 80.14361 (SGPL Power Station)
TOTAL 10,990

Gas fuel-based[edit]

Map of currently operating combined cycle gas turbine power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Power sector of Andhra Pradesh
Map of currently operating combined cycle gas turbine power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

The following are the list of presently installed combined cycle gas turbine power plants and diesel engine power plants in the state. However many of these power plants are not operating due to non-availability of natural gas and high cost of liquid fuels.[16]

Power station Operator Location District Sector Capacity
(MW)
Plant Coordinates
APGPCL Plant APGPCL Vijjeswaram W. Godavari Joint 272 16°56′02″N 81°43′27″E / 16.93389°N 81.72417°E / 16.93389; 81.72417 (APGPCL Plant)
Lanco Kondapalli Power Plant Lanco Infratech Kondapalli Krishna Private 1466 16°38′20″N 80°33′00″E / 16.63889°N 80.55000°E / 16.63889; 80.55000 (Lanco Kondapalli Power Plant)
Gautami Combined Cycle Power Plant GVK Peddapuram E. Godavari Private 464 17°02′21″N 82°08′43″E / 17.03917°N 82.14528°E / 17.03917; 82.14528 (Gautami Combined Cycle Power Plant)
Konaseema Combined Cycle Power Plant Konaseema Gas Power Limited (KGPL) Ravulapalem E. Godavari Private 445 16°44′05″N 81°51′44″E / 16.73472°N 81.86222°E / 16.73472; 81.86222 (Konaseema Combined Cycle Power Plant)
Vemagiri Combined Cycle Power Plant GMR Vemagiri E. Godavari Private 370 16°55′29″N 81°48′46″E / 16.92472°N 81.81278°E / 16.92472; 81.81278 (Vemagiri Combined Cycle Power Plant)
GMR Rajamundry Combined Cycle Power Plant[17] GMR Vemagiri E. Godavari Private 768 16°55′28″N 81°48′46″E / 16.92444°N 81.81278°E / 16.92444; 81.81278 (Vemagiri Combined Cycle Power Plant)
Samarlakota Combined Cycle Power Plant Reliance Samarlakota E. Godavari Private 2620 17°02′19″N 82°08′05″E / 17.03861°N 82.13472°E / 17.03861; 82.13472 (Samarlakota Combined Cycle Power Plant)
Jegurupadu Combined Cycle Power Plant GVK Jegurupadu E. Godavari Private 445 16°55′54″N 81°51′36″E / 16.93167°N 81.86000°E / 16.93167; 81.86000 (Jegurupadu Combined Cycle Power Plant)
Spectrum Combined Cycle Power Plant Spectrum Kakinada E. Godavari Private 209 17°03′31″N 82°18′34″E / 17.05861°N 82.30944°E / 17.05861; 82.30944 (Spectrum Combined Cycle Power Plant)
GMR (barge mounted) Power Plant GMR Kakinada E. Godavari Private 237 17°03′32″N 82°18′33″E / 17.05889°N 82.30917°E / 17.05889; 82.30917 (GMR barge mounted power station)
LVS Diesel Engine Power Station Greenko Vishakhapatnam Visakhapatnam Private 37 17°50′45″N 83°14′13″E / 17.84583°N 83.23694°E / 17.84583; 83.23694 (LVS Power Ltd)
Panduranga CCPP PESPL Annadevarapeta W. Godavari Private 116 17°07′45″N 81°36′09″E / 17.12917°N 81.60250°E / 17.12917; 81.60250 (Panduranga CCPP)
RVK Energy power plant[18] KSK Energy Ventures Rajahmundry E. Godavari Private 436
Sriba power plant Sriba industries Chigurukota Krishna Private 30
Silkroad sugar power plant EID Parry Kakinada E. Godavari Private 35
Total 7,950

Renewable[edit]

Hydroelectric[edit]

This is the list of major hydroelectric power plants in Andhra Pradesh.[8]

Srisailam Dam
Srisailam right bank power house
Power station name Operator Location Sector Unit wise Capacity Capacity

(MW)

Chettipeta Mini Hydel[19] APGENCO West Godavari district State 2x0.5 1.00
Donkarayi PH APGENCO E. Godavari State 1x25 25.00
Hampi canal PH APGENCO Joint project of AP , TS & Karnataka
Located in Karnataka
State 4 x 9
(AP Share-13.82)
13.82
Lower Sileru PH APGENCO E. Godavari State 4 x 115 460.00
Machkund PH APGENCO Joint project of AP, TS & Odisha
Located in Odisha
State 3 x 17 + 3 x 23
(AP Share-35.28)
35.28
Nagarjuna Sagar Right Canal PH APGENCO Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Guntur district State 3 x 30 90.00
Nagarjuna Sagar tail pond PH APGENCO Nagarjuna Sagar Dam, Guntur district State 2 x 25 50.00
Penna Ahobilam PH APGENCO]] Korrakodu, Anantapur district State 2 x 10 20.00
Polavaram Hydro-Electric project APGENCO Polavaram, West Godavari district State 12 x 80
Under Construction
Srisailam Right Bank PH APGENCO Srisailam, Kurnool State 7 x 110 770.00
TB Dam PH APGENCO Joint project of AP, TS & Karnataka
Located in Karnataka
State 4 × 9
(AP Share-13.82)
13.82
Upper Sileru PH APGENCO Visakhapatnam State 4 x 60 240.00
Overall capacity in (MW)[20] 1724.60
  • PH=Power House

Solar[edit]

Map of currently operating and proposed Solar power plants in the Indian state of  Andhra Pradesh
Nambulapulakunta
Nambulapulakunta
Vinukonda
Vinukonda
Kovvur
Kovvur
Galiveedu
Galiveedu
Pinnapuram
Pinnapuram
Nagalapuram
Nagalapuram
Kalyandurg
Kalyandurg
Nallapadu
Nallapadu
Jaggayapeta
Jaggayapeta
Nagarimadugu
Nagarimadugu
Map of currently operating and proposed Solar power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Green are currently Operating and blue are proposed.

The state has total installed solar power capacity of 2049 MW as of 31 July 2017.[21][22]

Name Operator Location District Sector Installed Capacity (MW)
NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Power Project NTPC Nambulapulakunta Anantapur district  central 250.00
Amruth Solar Power Plant[23] Amrit Jal Ventures Kadiri Anantapur district  Private 1.00
MEIL solar thermal[24] Megha Engineering & Infrastructures Limited Nagalapuram Anantapur district  Private 50.00
Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park[25] NTPC Pinnapuram Kurnool district  central 900.00

Windpower[edit]

Map of currently operating and proposed Wind power plants in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh
Kolimigundla
Kolimigundla
Atmakur
Atmakur
Puthlur
Puthlur
Ramagiri
Ramagiri
Nallakonda
Nallakonda
Gandikota
Gandikota
Tirumala
Tirumala
Srisailam
Srisailam
Araku
Araku
Map of currently operating and proposed Wind power plants[26] in the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh

The state has total installed wind power capacity of 1866.35 MW as on 19 October 2016.[27][28]

Name Operator Location District Sector Unit wise Capacity (MW) Installed Capacity (MW)
Ramagiri Wind Mills[29] APGENCO Ramagiri Anantapur State 10x0.2 2.00
Narmada Wind farm[30] CLP Wind Farms (India) Private Ltd. Nallakonda Anantapur Private 1 x 50.4 50.04
Puthlur RCI Wind farm[31] Wescare (India) Ltd. Puthlur Anantapur Private 1 x 20 20.00

Other utility power plants[edit]

In addition to above projects, there are nearly 89.1 MW small Hydro plants, nearly 421.14 MW bagasse, bio-mass co-generation & bio-mass based projects, nearly 78.79 mini power plants (grid connected) and nearly 67.20 MW other (grid connected) plants based on isolated gas wells, waste heat, industrial waste, municipal waste, etc. in private sector.[8] These power plants are not covering captive power capacity in various industries which are not grid connected. In addition, there are innumerable diesel generator sets installed in the state for stand by supply and emergency power supply needs during power outages.

Transmission system[edit]

The state has well spread transmission system. APTransCo / DisComs owned and operated transmission lines from 400 kV to 11 kV are 231,127 circuit kilometres excluding the HT lines owned and operated by PGCIL in the state.[9][32] The spread of high voltage transmission lines (≥ 11 kV) is such that it can form a square matrix of area 1.93 km2 (i.e. on average, at least one HT line within 0.7 km vicinity) in 160,205 km2 total area of the state. DisComs owned and operated LT lines (below 11 kV) are 292,158 circuit kilometres. It represents that there is at least one HT or LT line availability on average within the vicinity of 306 meters in the entire state area. The state has 2905 nos substations (≥ 33 kV) which represents one substation in every 56 km2 area on average (i.e. one substation with in 4 km distance on average).[9] However the maximum peak load met in the year 2014–15 is 6847 MW.[9] Huge installed capacity of the transmission network and the substations is being underutilised with low demand factor.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Regulatory body of AP power sector". Andhra Pradesh Electricity Regulatory Commission. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  2. ^ "APGENGO overview". APGENCO. Retrieved 19 June 2014. 
  3. ^ "APGENCO and APPDCL". apgenco. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  4. ^ "APTRANSCO". Transmission Corporation of AP. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  5. ^ "Consumer wise real Time AP Power Supply Position". Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  6. ^ "Power Allocation from Central Sector". Retrieved 4 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Andhra Pradesh becomes second state to achieve 100% electrification". Retrieved 13 September 2016. 
  8. ^ a b c "Salient data on 31 January 2016 of APTrasCo, APGenCo, Discoms" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b c d "Salient data of APTrasCo, APGenCo, Discoms" (PDF). Retrieved 27 October 2015. 
  10. ^ "Uninterrupted power for HT consumers soon". Retrieved 13 March 2016. 
  11. ^ "Daily area wise prices". Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  12. ^ "Station wise daily power generation data". Retrieved 23 October 2016. 
  13. ^ http://thermalpower.industry-focus.net/industry-overview/342-list-of-upcoming-thermal-plants-in-india-list-of-upcoming-thermal-plants-in-india.html
  14. ^ "Central Electricity Authority". Cea.nic.in. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  15. ^ "Coal-Fired Plants in Andhra Pradesh". Gallery. Power Plants Around The World. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 10 May 2014. 
  16. ^ "Utilization of stranded gas based power plants, See Annexures I & II)" (PDF). Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  17. ^ "GMR Rajahmundry Ltd". Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  18. ^ "See Annexure 2.3, Draft National Electricity Plan, 2016, CEA" (PDF). Retrieved 15 December 2016. 
  19. ^ "Chetti Peta Mini Hydro Power Plant". Alternate Hydro Energy Center. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Chetti Peta Mini Hydro Power Plant" (PDF). "Installed capacity, June 2017, CEA". Retrieved 5 July 2017. 
  21. ^ "State wise installed solar power capacity" (PDF). Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Govt. of India. Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  22. ^ "Andhra Pradesh Solar Power Corporation Ltd.". Retrieved 24 October 2016. 
  23. ^ "Amrit Jal Ventures commissions solar unit in Kadiri". The Hindu Business Line. 8 March 2012. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  24. ^ "Megha Solar Plant". National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Retrieved 29 April 2015. 
  25. ^ "Softbank Joint Venture SB Energy Commissions 350 Megawatt Solar Project In India". Retrieved 22 April 2017. 
  26. ^ "Potential windfarm (India)". The Wind Power. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 
  27. ^ "State wise installed capacity as of 19 October 2016". Retrieved 20 October 2016. 
  28. ^ "Installed capacity of wind power projects in India". Retrieved 27 July 2015. 
  29. ^ "Ramgiri windfarm (India)". The Wind Power. Retrieved 5 July 2014. 
  30. ^ "CLP to develop two new windfarms". Panchabuta Renewable Energy & Cleantech in India. 7 March 2011. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  31. ^ "Puthlur RCI windfarm (India)". The Wind Power. Retrieved 4 July 2014. 
  32. ^ "Power map of southern region" (PDF). Retrieved 27 October 2015. 

External links[edit]