Powerball is an American lottery game sold by 47 lotteries (including the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands). It is coordinated by the Multi-State Lottery Association (MUSL), a non-profit organization formed by an agreement with U.S. lotteries. Powerball's minimum advertised jackpot is $40 million (annuity); its record jackpot was $590,500,000 won in May 2013 by one ticket in Florida (surpassed by two Mega Millions jackpots). Powerball's annuity is paid in 30 graduated installments; winners may choose cash instead. Drawings are held Wednesday and Saturday evenings at 10:59 p.m. Eastern time. The game uses a 5/69 (white balls) + 1/26 (Powerballs) matrix from which winning numbers are chosen. Each play costs $2, or, with the Power Play option, $3 (before January 15, 2012, games cost $1 each, or $2 with Power Play; the latter option was added in 2001.) The official cutoff time for ticket sales is 10 p.m. Eastern; some lotteries discontinue sales earlier. The drawings usually are held at the Florida Lottery’s studio in Tallahassee.
On May 18, 2013, the largest jackpot in the game's history, and the largest prize on one ticket (approximately $590,500,000 annuity), was won. On June 5, Florida Lottery officials announced the winner, Gloria C. MacKenzie, 84, who purchased the "quick pick" ticket at a Publix supermarket in Zephyrhills, Florida. MacKenzie chose the cash option (approximately $370,800,000 before Federal withholding, as Florida does not have an income tax).
- 1 Powerball members
- 2 Background and history
- 3 Playing the game
- 4 Winning expectation
- 5 Fortune cookie payout
- 6 Computers and slot machines
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Powerball replaced Lotto*America in April 1992; Mega Millions replaced The Big Game 10 years later (see below for the evolution of the name Mega Millions).
Mega Millions and Powerball
|Arizona||1994||April 18, 2010|
|Arkansas||October 31, 2009||January 31, 2010|
|California||April 8, 2013||2005|
|Connecticut||1995||January 31, 2010|
|Colorado||April 2001||May 16, 2010|
|Delaware||1991||January 31, 2010|
|Florida||January 4, 2009||May 15, 2013|
|Georgia||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Idaho||1990||January 31, 2010|
|Illinois||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Indiana||1990||January 31, 2010|
|Iowa||1988||January 31, 2010|
|Kansas||1989||January 31, 2010|
|Kentucky||1991||January 31, 2010|
|Louisiana||March 1995||November 16, 2011|
|Maine||2004||May 9, 2010|
|Maryland||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Massachusetts||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Michigan||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Minnesota||1990||January 31, 2010|
|Missouri||1988||January 31, 2010|
|Montana||1989||March 1, 2010|
|Nebraska||1994||March 20, 2010|
|New Hampshire||1995||January 31, 2010|
|New Jersey||January 31, 2010||1999|
|New Mexico||1996||January 31, 2010|
|New York||January 31, 2010||2002|
|North Carolina||2006||January 31, 2010|
|North Dakota||2004||January 31, 2010|
|Ohio||April 16, 2010||2002|
|Oklahoma||2006||January 31, 2010|
|Oregon||1988||March 28, 2010|
|Pennsylvania||June 29, 2002||January 31, 2010|
|Puerto Rico||September 28, 2014||Not offered|
|Rhode Island||1988||January 31, 2010|
|South Carolina||2002||January 31, 2010|
|South Dakota||1990||May 16, 2010|
|Tennessee||April 21, 2004||January 31, 2010|
|Texas||January 31, 2010||2003|
|US Virgin Islands||October 2010||2002|
|Vermont||2003||January 31, 2010|
|Virginia||January 31, 2010||1996|
|Washington||January 31, 2010||2002|
|West Virginia||1988||January 31, 2010|
|Wisconsin||1989||January 31, 2010|
|Wyoming||August 24, 2014 (both games)|
Alabama, Alaska, Hawaii, Mississippi, Nevada and Utah do not sell lottery tickets. In 2013, Wyoming became the 44th state to establish a lottery; the next year, it began, initially offering both Mega Millions and Powerball.
Background and history
Powerball's predecessor began in 1988; the multi-jurisdictional game was known as Lotto*America. The game, and name, were changed to Powerball on April 19, 1992; its first drawing was held three days later. Maine joined MUSL in 1990, dropping out when Powerball began; it did not rejoin MUSL until 2004.
When it was launched Powerball became the first game to use two drums. Using two drums to draw numbers from offers more manipulation, simultaneously allowing high jackpot odds, numerous prize levels, and low overall odds of winning (as explained later, a Powerball ticket can win by matching only one number). The two-drum concept was suggested by Steve Caputo of the Oregon Lottery. The two-drum concept has since been used by The Big Game (now Mega Millions) in the U.S., Australia's Powerball, Thunderball in the United Kingdom, Eurojackpot, and EuroMillions (unlike most two-drum games, Euromillions selects two numbers, called "Lucky Stars", from the second drum; jackpot winners must make a total of seven matches).
Through 2008, Powerball drawings usually were held at Screenscape Studios in West Des Moines, Iowa. The drawings' host was longtime Iowa radio personality Mike Pace, who had hosted MUSL drawings since Lotto*America began in 1988. In 1996, Powerball went "on the road" for the first time, holding five remote drawings at the Summer Olympics in Atlanta. Ironically, weeks later, the Georgia Lottery became the only lottery to leave Powerball (Maine, which joined MUSL in 1990, left when Powerball began). In August 1996, Georgia joined the then-new The Big Game, then the other major U.S. lottery group. It planned to sell tickets for both games for the rest of 1996; however, within a few days, Georgia was forcibly removed from MUSL, not to return until the 2010 cross-sell expansion.
On November 2, 1997, the annuity was changed from 20 to 25 yearly payments; the cash option was added. Currently, the annuity consists of 30 graduated payments, increasing 4% annually. In 1998, Florida was given permission by its government to participate in a multi-state game. It was set to offer Powerball; however, in early 1999, the new governor, Jeb Bush, prevented Florida from joining since he believed Powerball would hurt the existing Florida Lottery games. In 2008, Governor Charlie Crist finally allowed Florida to join MUSL, on January 4, 2009.
On March 7, 2001, an optional multiplier (called Power Play) was added, allowing players to multiply non-jackpot winnings by up to 5 by paying an extra $1 per game. A wheel was introduced to select the Power Play multiplier for each drawing (on October 9, 2002, the 1x was removed from the Power Play wheel.)
2009 changes include Florida becoming host to drawings
With the start of Powerball sales in Florida on January 4, 2009 (with its first drawing on January 7), the matrices changed to 5/59 + 1/39 (adding four white ball numbers and dropping three red balls). This changed the jackpot probability from 1:146 million to 1:195 million; the overall probability became 1:35.
Based on statistical projections, the average jackpot won increased from $95 million to $141 million. Over 3.5 million additional prizes were expected to be won yearly due to the change in overall probability. The starting jackpot increased to $20 million, with each rollover adding at least $5 million. The jackpot contribution increased from 30.3% to 32.5% of total sales. The Power Play option was modified; second prize, usually $200,000, was given an automatic 5x Power Play multiplier, making the 5+0 prize $1 million cash. The bonus second prize if the jackpot exceeded its previous record by $25 million, triggered only twice, was eliminated with the 2012 format change.
The conditions for Florida joining Powerball included a move of the live drawings from Iowa to Universal Studios in Orlando. The three hosts rotating announcing duties from Universal Studios were Tracy Wiu, Elizabeth Hart, and Scott Adams (MUSL headquarters remained in Iowa, where its other draws are held). The wheel that was used to determine the Power Play multiplier was retired when the drawings moved to Florida; a random number generator (RNG) was used until the 2012 format change.
Arkansas became the 33rd MUSL member on October 31, 2009, the last to join before the 2010 cross-sell expansion. The Ohio Lottery added Powerball on April 16, 2010; it joined Mega Millions (along with New York) eight years earlier, when The Big Game added Mega Millions to its name.
Cross-sell expansion of 2010
In March 2009, it was reported that New Jersey, already a Mega Millions member, sought permission to join Powerball. Shortly after New Jersey announced its desire to sell both games, discussions were revealed about allowing each U.S. lottery to sell tickets for both games. On October 13, 2009, the Mega Millions consortium and MUSL reached an agreement in principle to cross-sell Mega Millions and Powerball. In November 2009, MUSL signed an agreement to start streaming Powerball drawings online.
On January 31, 2010, the date of the cross-sell expansion, Mega Millions and MUSL each added lotteries; eight Powerball members added Mega Millions by May. The Montana Lottery joined Mega Millions on March 1. Nebraska added Mega Millions on March 20; Oregon followed on March 28; Arizona joined Mega Millions on April 18; Maine added Mega Millions on May 9; Colorado and South Dakota joined Mega Millions on May 16. The U.S. Virgin Islands joined Mega Millions in October 2010.
Before the agreement, the only places that sold both Mega Millions and Powerball tickets were retailers straddling a border, selling two lotteries; one retailer, on U.S. Route 62, partly in Sharon, Pennsylvania, and in Masury, Ohio sold both Mega Millions (via the Ohio Lottery) and Powerball (Pennsylvania) before the agreement and continued to be the only retailer to sell tickets for both lotteries.
As a result of Illinois joining Powerball on the expansion date, it became the second multi-jurisdictional lottery game (after Mega Millions, which Illinois already participated in) whose drawings were carried nationally. Both games' drawings were simulcast via Chicago cable superstation WGN-TV through its national WGN America feed. WGN-TV aired Illinois Lottery drawings nationally from 1992 to 2015 after acquiring broadcast rights from Chicago's Fox owned-and-operated station WFLD in 1988, which took the rights from WGN-TV in 1987. Powerball drawings were aired on WGN-TV and WGN America on Wednesday and Saturday evenings immediately following the station's 9 p.m. (Central Time) newscast with the Mega Millions drawings being aired Tuesdays and Friday evenings after said newscast. WGN served as a default carrier of Mega Millions or Powerball where no local television station carries either multi-jurisdictional lottery's drawings.
On March 13, 2010, New Jersey became the first previous Mega Millions-only member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Powerball ticket. It was worth over $211 million annuity; it was sold in Morris Plains. On May 28, 2010, North Carolina became the first previous MUSL member (just before the cross-selling expansion) to produce a jackpot-winning Mega Millions ticket; that jackpot was $12 million (annuity).
On June 2, 2010, Ohio won a Powerball jackpot; it became the first lottery selling either Mega Millions or Powerball on January 30, 2010 to provide a jackpot-winning ticket for its newer game. The ticket was worth $261 million annuity; it was sold in Sunbury. Ohio's second Powerball jackpot-winning ticket, sold for the June 23, 2010 drawing, was part of another first; since Montana also provided a jackpot winner for that drawing, it was the first time two lotteries shared a jackpot where the two lotteries sold competing games before the cross-selling expansion, as Montana sold only Powerball before the expansion date.
On January 15, 2012, the price of each basic Powerball play doubled to $2, while PowerPlay games became $3; the minimum jackpot also doubled, to $40 million. A non-jackpot play matching the five white balls won $1 million. The red balls decreased from 39 to 35. The drawings were moved from Universal Studios Orlando to the Florida Lottery’s studios in Tallahassee; with Sam Arlen serving as the host. Alexa Fuentes substituted when Arlen is unavailable.
These changes were made to increase the frequency of nine-figure jackpots; a Powerball spokesperson believed a $500 million jackpot was feasible (it became a reality within the year), and that the first $1 billion jackpot in U.S. history would occur by 2022 (ironically, less than three months after the Powerball changes, Mega Millions' jackpot reached $656,000,000 despite remaining a $1-per-play game). The Power Play prizes no longer are determined by a random multiplier; also, the $25 million rollover "cap" (creating larger 5+0 prizes) was eliminated.
California joined on April 8, 2013; it has never offered the Power Play option, as all payouts in California Lottery drawing games, by law, are pari-mutuel. Mega Millions, which became available in California in 2005, offers its Megaplier in its other 45 jurisdictions.
Puerto Rico joined Powerball in October 2014; it is the first mainly Spanish-speaking jurisdiction offering the game. (As of July 2015, Puerto Rico has not joined Mega Millions).
2015 format change
On October 4, 2015, the Powerball format changed again. The white-ball pool increased from 59 to 69 while the Powerball pool decreased from 35 to 26. As with the most recent changes to Mega Millions (in 2013), the double matrix was designed to create more overall winners (odds 1:24) but allow more rollovers (jackpot odds 1:292,201,338. The 4+1 prize is now $50,000; the 10x PowerPlay is available in drawings with a jackpot of under $150 million.
Playing the game
The minimum Powerball bet is $2. In each game, players select five numbers from a set of 69 white balls and one number from 26 red Powerballs. The number chosen from the red Powerballs may be the same as one of the numbers chosen from the white balls. Players can select their own numbers or have the terminal randomly select the numbers (called "quick pick", "easy pick", etc.) In each drawing, winning numbers are selected using two ball machines, one containing the white balls and the other containing the red Powerballs. For the winning numbers, five white balls are drawn from the first machine and the Powerball from the second machine. Games matching at least three white balls or the red Powerball win.
The drawing order of the five white balls is irrelevant; all tickets show the five white ball numbers in ascending order. Players also cannot use the drawn Powerball number to match one of their white numbers, or vice versa.
Two identical machines are used for each drawing, randomly selected from four sets. The model of machine used is the Halogen, manufactured by Smartplay International of Edgewater Park, New Jersey. There are eight ball sets (four of each color); one set of each color is randomly selected before a drawing. The balls are mixed by a turntable at the bottom of the machine that propels the balls around the chamber. When the machine selects a ball, the turntable slows to catch it, sends it up the shaft, and then down the rail to the display.
The double matrixes and odds in the game's history:
|Starting date||Pick 5 of||Pick 1 of||Jackpot odds||Power Play multipliers|
|April 22, 1992||45||45||1:54,979,154||none†|
|November 5, 1997||49||42||1:80,089,127||none†|
|March 7, 2001||49||42||1:80,089,127||1×, 2×, 3×, 4×, 5×|
|October 9, 2002||53||42||1:120,526,769||2×, 3×, 4×, 5×|
|August 28, 2005||55||42||1:146,107,961||2×, 3×, 4×, 5×|
|January 7, 2009||59||39||1:195,249,054||2×, 3×, 4×, 5×|
|January 15, 2012||59||35||1:175,223,510||none|
|January 19, 2014||59||35||1:175,223,510||2×, 3×, 4×, 5×|
|October 7, 2015||69||26||1:292,201,338||2×, 3×, 4×, 5×, 10×‡|
†Power Play was introduced in 2001.
‡10× available if jackpot is under $150m.
While Mega Millions and Powerball each have roughly the same jackpot odds despite having a different double matrix (Mega Millions is 5/75 + 1/15), since Powerball is $2 per play, on average, it now takes approximately $584,402,677 (not counting the extra $1 for each Power Play wager), on average, to produce a jackpot-winning ticket.
For an additional $1 per game, a player may activate the Power Play option. Prior to January 15, 2012, Power Play prizes were determined by a random multiplier.
The dilemma for players is whether to maximize the chance at the jackpot, or reduce the chance at the jackpot in exchange for an increase in lower-level prize(s).
In 2006 and 2007, MUSL replaced one of the 5× spaces on the then-Power Play wheel with a 10×. During each month-long promotion, MUSL guaranteed that there would be at least one drawing where the 10× multiplier would be drawn. The promotion returned in 2008; the ball landed in the 10× space twice. After being absent in 2009, the 10× multiplier returned in May 2010 (after the Power Play drawing was changed to RNG.) The promotion was extended for the only time, as the 10× multiplier was not drawn until June 12. The second prize 5× guarantee continued; the 10× applied to all non-jackpot prizes, as in previous promotions.
Power Play 's success has led to similar multipliers in other games, most notably Megaplier, available through all Mega Millions members except California. The 2012 Powerball changes resulted in all eight lower-tier levels having "fixed" Power Play prizes.
On January 19, 2014, PowerPlay was modified; it used 30 balls with the following distribution:
- 2x (15)
- 3x (9)
- 4x/5x: 3 each
On October 4, 2015, PowerPlay changed again, using 32 or 33† balls as follows:
- 2x (24)
- 3x (13)
- 4x (3)
- 5x (2)
- 10x (1)†
† 10x available when jackpot is less than $150 million.
Prizes and odds
Former prizes/odds (January 19, 2014-October 3, 2015):
|Matches||Prize[a]||Power Play 2x (1 in 2)||Power Play 3x (1 in 3 1/3)||Power Play 4x (1 in 10)||Power Play 5x (1 in 10)||Odds of winning|
|PB only||$4||$8||$12||$16||$20||1 in 55.41|
|1 number plus PB||$4||$8||$12||$16||$20||1 in 110.81|
|2 numbers plus PB||$7||$14||$21||$28||$35||1 in 706.43|
|3 numbers; no PB||$7||$14||$21||$28||$35||1 in 360.14|
|3 numbers plus PB||$100||$200||$300||$400||$500||1 in 12,244.83|
|4 numbers; no PB||$100||$200||$300||$400||$500||1 in 19,087.53|
|4 numbers plus PB||$10,000||$20,000||$30,000||$40,000||$50,000||1 in 648,975.96|
|5 numbers; no PB||$1,000,000||$2,000,000[b]||1 in 5,153,632.65|
|5 numbers plus PB||Jackpot[c]||1 in 175,223,510.00|
Overall odds of winning were 1 in 31.85.
Some may notice that the odds of matching only the Powerball (1–35) were 1:55.41, instead of 1:35, as there is the possibility of matching at least one white ball in addition to the Powerball.
Payouts as of October 7, 2015:
|Matches||Prize[a]||Power Play 2x (1 in 2)||Power Play 3x (1 in 3 1/3)||Power Play 4x (1 in 10)||Power Play 5x (1 in 10)||Odds of winning|
|PB only (0+1)||$4||$8||$12||$16||$20||1 in 38.32|
|1 number plus PB (1+1)||$4||$8||$12||$16||$20||1 in 91.98|
|2+1||$7||$14||$21||$28||$35||1 in 701.33|
|3+0||$7||$14||$21||$28||$35||1 in 579.76|
|3+1||$100||$200||$300||$400||$500||1 in 14,494.11|
|4+0||$100||$200||$300||$400||$500||1 in 36,525.17|
|4+1||$50,000||$100,000||$150,000||$200,000||$250,000||1 in 913,129.18|
|5+0||$1,000,000||$2,000,000[b]||1 in 11,688,053.52|
|5+1||Jackpot[c]||1 in 292,201,338|
Overall odds of winning a prize are 1 in 24.87.
- California's prize amounts are pari-mutuel due to its lottery regulations; Powerplay is not offered in California.
- The Power Play Match 5 stays fixed at $2,000,000 since January 15, 2012.
- Power Play multipliers do not apply to Jackpot.
All non-jackpot prizes are fixed amounts (except in California); they may be reduced and paid on a parimutuel basis, with each member paying differing amounts for the same prize tier, if the liability exceeds the funds in the prize pool for any game member.
Jackpot accumulation and payment options
Jackpot winners have the option of receiving their prize in cash (in two installments; one from the winning jurisdiction, then the combined funds from the other members) or as a graduated annuity paid in 30 yearly installments. Each annuity payment is 4% higher than in the previous year to adjust for inflation.
The advertised estimated jackpot represents the total payments that would be paid to a jackpot winner should they accept the annuity option. This estimate is based on the funds accumulated in the jackpot pool rolled over from prior drawings, expected sales for the next drawing, and market interest rates for the securities that would be used to fund the annuity. The estimated jackpot usually is 32.5% of the (non-Power Play) revenue of each base ($1) play, submitted by game members to accumulate into a prize pool to fund the jackpot. If the jackpot is not won in a particular drawing, the prize pool carries over to the next drawing, accumulating until there is a jackpot winner. This prize pool is the cash that is paid to a jackpot winner if they choose cash. If the winner chooses the annuity, current market rates are used to calculate the graduated payment schedule and the initial installment is paid. The remaining funds in the prize pool are invested to generate the income required to fund the remaining installments. If there are multiple jackpot winners for a drawing, the jackpot prize pool is divided equally for all such plays.
MUSL and its members accept all investment risk and are contractually obligated and liable to the winner to make all scheduled payments to annuity winners. If a jackpot ticket is not claimed, the funds in the prize pool are returned to members in proportion to the amount they contributed to the prize pool. The members have different rules regulating how unclaimed funds are used.
When the Powerball jackpot is won, the next jackpot is guaranteed to be $40 million (annuity). If a jackpot is not won, the minimum rollover is $10 million. The cash in the jackpot pool is guaranteed to be the current value of the annuity. If revenue from ticket sales falls below expectations, game members must contribute additional funds to the jackpot pool to cover the shortage; the most likely situation is if the jackpot is won in consecutive drawings.
Although players may purchase tickets elsewhere, all prize claims must be made where the ticket was bought. The minimum age to play Powerball is 18, except in Nebraska where it is 19, and in Arizona, Iowa and Louisiana, where the minimum is 21.
Generally, Powerball players do not have to choose cash or annuity unless they win a jackpot (then they usually have 60 days to choose.) Exceptions include Florida and Missouri; the 60-day "clock" starts with the drawing, so a jackpot winner who wishes to take the cash option needs to make immediate plans to claim their prize (in Idaho, winners have only 30 days after claiming to choose.) New Jersey and Texas require the cash/annuity choice to be made when playing; in New Jersey, an annuity ticket can be changed to cash after winning, while in Texas, the choice is binding (when the cash option was introduced in 1997, all Powerball players had to make the choice when playing. This regulation was phased out by early 1999.) All Powerball prize winners must claim within a period ranging from 90 days to 1 year, depending on where the ticket was bought.
Powerball winnings in California, Delaware, the District of Columbia, Pennsylvania and South Dakota are subject to Federal income tax only. There is no state income tax in Florida, South Dakota, Texas or Washington, and only on interest and dividends in Tennessee and New Hampshire. Winnings from tickets purchased elsewhere may be subject to its income tax laws (with possible credit for taxes based on the two jurisdictions.)
Unlike the jackpot pool, other prizes are the responsibility and liability of each participating lottery. All revenue for Powerball ticket sales not used for jackpots is retained by each member; none of this revenue is shared with other lotteries. Members are liable only for the payment of secondary prizes sold there.
Since the secondary prizes are defined in fixed amounts, if the liability for a given prize level exceed the funds in the prize pool for that level the amount of the prize may be reduced and the prize pool be distributed on a parimutuel basis and result in a prize lower than the fixed amounts given in the prize tables. Because the secondary prize pools are calculated independently, it is possible lower-tier prizes will differ among the game members.
Because the quoted jackpot amount is an annuity of 30 graduated annual payments, its cash value relative to the annuity fluctuates. The actual ratio depends on projected interest rates and other factors. MUSL starts with the cash value, built from a percentage of sales and then calculates the advertised jackpot amount from that value based on the average costs of the three best securities bids.
The largest Powerball prize (and American record) for cash value on one ticket is the $590 million (annuity) for a May 2013 drawing; that ticket was sold in Florida.
A jackpot of $365 million was won on February 18, 2006 by one ticket in Nebraska. It was shared by eight people who worked at a meatpacking plant. The group chose the cash option, sharing $177,270,519.67 (gross.)
On October 19, 2005, the West family of Jacksonville, Oregon won $340 million; however, the cash value was lower than that of the $314.9 million annuity value jackpot from December 25, 2002. The Wests' cash prize was $164,410,058.03. The family won shortly after a rule change took effect which was created to generate larger annuity values. If the rule was in effect for the December 2002 jackpot, the annuity value would have been $352.6 million (Jack Whittaker, of West Virginia, also chose the cash option for his then-record jackpot.)
On August 25, 2007, a jackpot worth $314 million was won by a retired auto worker from Ohio; that ticket was bought in Richmond, Indiana, a community that already had sold a jackpot-winning ticket of at least $200 million.
In November 2011, three Greenwich, Connecticut financial executives shared $254.2 million (annuity value), the largest prize on a Connecticut-bought ticket. Choosing the cash option, the men split nearly $104 million after withholdings. The jackpot, at the time, was the 12th largest in Powerball history.
The Powerball drawing on March 30, 2005 produced 110 second-prize winners. The total payout to these winners was $19,400,000, with 89 winners each receiving $100,000. The other 21 winners received $500,000, as they were Power Play selections.
MUSL officials initially suspected fraud or a reporting error. However, all 110 winners had played numbers from fortune cookies made by Wonton Food Inc. of Long Island City, New York. The factory had printed the numbers "22, 28, 32, 33, 39, 40" on thousands of fortunes. The "40" in the fortune did not match the Powerball number of "42". None of the employees of Wonton Food played those numbers; at the time, the closest game member was Connecticut. Since the ticket holders had won as result of a coincidence rather than foul play, the payouts were made.
Had these 110 winners shared the then $25 million jackpot, each ticket would have been worth about $227,272 annuity or $122,727 cash. The fortune on the inspiring fortune cookie read: "All the preparation you've done will finally be paying off."
Computers and slot machines
In 2006, WMS Gaming released a range of slot machines under the Powerball brand name. In 2007, the Oregon Lottery released a Windows Sidebar gadget which displays the winning numbers for Powerball in realtime. The gadget also provides large jackpot announcements.
The New York Lottery introduced a Powerball scratchcard in 2010. Five winning numbers plus a powerball were printed across the top of the card, with 12 opportunities to match. Matching the winning numbers or the powerball won. The top prize was $1 million (annuity); unlike actual Powerball, there was no cash option for the top prize.
- "Frequently Asked Questions". Powerball. Retrieved April 14, 2011.
- "$590M Zephyrhills Powerball winner announced during news conference". WFTV. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Strauss, Gary (June 5, 2013). "And the winner of the $590.5 million Powerball jackpot is...". USA Today. Retrieved June 5, 2013.
- Hoosier Lottery History Archived February 6, 2007 at the Wayback Machine
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- Lotto, Lucy (June 30, 2011). "Powerball Lottery Changes for 2012". WorldLottery.net. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
The first and biggest change to the Powerball Lottery is the introduction of the $40 million base jackpot. Now, when the Powerball Lottery jackpot is reset after a win it will start at $40 million, tempting even more players in for those early draws. Another promise, that is sure to be popular with lottery players, is the introduction of more prizes. From January, Powerball players will have even better odds of winning a prize worth at least $1 million, and it’s that fact that may soften the third and biggest ever change. From January 15, 2012, Powerball Lottery tickets are doubling in price, in what is the biggest change to the Powerball Lottery draw since its launch in 1994.
- Lokay, Jim. "Changes To Powerball Coming In 2012". CBS Pittsburgh. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- (November 27, 2012). Powerball jackpot hits record $500m as lotteries work to build up higher prizes
- Strauss, Gary (February 14, 2012). Lottery jackpots may get bigger. USA Today. Retrieved February 14, 2012.
- "Mega Millions jackpot reaches record $500 million". Komo News. Sinclair Interactive Media. March 28, 2012. Retrieved September 4, 2013.
The jackpot was originally announced at $476 million early Wednesday morning but rampant ticket sales boosted the estimated payout to the $500 million mark. Tuesday night's jackpot was $363 million, fed by weeks of drawings without a top winner. It has rolled 18 times since Marcia Adams of College Park won $72 million in the Jan. 24 drawing. A winner could get $19.2 million a year for 26 years or a single payment worth $359 million. The next drawing is Friday at 11 p.m. The previous record jackpot in the Mega Millions game was $390 million in 2007, split by two winners in New Jersey and Georgia.
- Redfern, Mike (7 July 2015). "Powerball Changes to Take Effect in October 2015". Lottery World.
- Odds are, you won't like this Powerball storyRetrieved 2015-07-09.
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- "Powerball as of January 19, 2014 – New Prize Structure". nmlottery.com. Retrieved January 10, 2014.
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Sure, the odds of matching 1 red ball out of 35 are 1 in 35, but we are not giving the odds for matching a red ball. We give the odds for winning a prize for matching one red ball ALONE. If you match the red ball plus at least one white ball, you win some other prize, but not this prize. The odds of matching one red ball ALONE are harder than 1 in 35 because there is some risk that you will also match one or more white ball numbers - and then win a different prize.
- "NEW YORK STATE GAMING COMMISSION AMENDMENT OF SECTIONS 5004.9, 5007.2, 5007.13, 5007.15, 5007.16, 5009.2 and 5010.2 OF NEW YORK CODES, RULES AND REGULATIONS TITLE 9, SUBTITLE T, CHAPTER III, SUBCHAPTER A" (PDF). New York State Gaming Commission. New York State Gaming Commission. p. 4. Retrieved 2015-08-02.
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