Powerscourt Waterfall

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Powerscourt Waterfall
Eas Chonaill
Powerscourt Waterfall, Wicklow - panoramio (4).jpg
The waterfall in August 2013
LocationPowerscourt Estate, Ireland
Coordinates53°08′46″N 6°12′40″W / 53.146°N 06.211°W / 53.146; -06.211 (Powerscourt Falls)Coordinates: 53°08′46″N 6°12′40″W / 53.146°N 06.211°W / 53.146; -06.211 (Powerscourt Falls)
TypeHorsetail-fan
Total height121 metres (397 ft)
Number of dropsCascade waterfall
WatercourseRiver Dargle
World height ranking687

Powerscourt Waterfall (Irish: Eas Chonaill)[1] is the second highest waterfall in Ireland.[2] at 121 metres (397 ft) high,[3] it is located at the base of the Glensoulan Valley on the River Dargle near Enniskerry, County Wicklow.[2]

Powerscourt is overlooked by the peaks of Djouce (725 metres (2,379 ft)) and Maulin (570 metres (1,870 ft)),[2] and flows continuously all year in a horsetail-fan pattern.[2] The waterfall is part of the Powerscourt Estate, which is open to the public for an entrance fee.[2]

Geography[edit]

Powerscourt Waterfall, known in Irish as Eas Chonaill, lies at the base of the Glensoulan valley, a hanging valley, through which the River Dargle flows from its source on the southern slopes of Tonduff mountain, eventually falling into the steep corrie in which the waterfall lies.[2]

Several mountains surround the upper section of the Glensoulan valley in a "horseshoe-shape", being: Maulin 570 metres (1,870 ft), Tonduff 642 metres (2,106 ft), War Hill 686 metres (2,251 ft), and Djouce 725 metres (2,379 ft).[2] The waterfall is bounded by Crone Woods on its northern section.[2]

Geology[edit]

Geological Survey of Ireland (GSI) regard the waterfalls an "important site for both the glacial feature and for the geological influence of the rocks themselves on the formation of the waterfall"; and describe the Powerscourt corrie, in which the waterfall sits, as "a fine example of glacial erosion, where accumulated ice has scoured out a deep basin, with a waterfall flowing down the steep backwall".[4]

The Powerscourt waterfall flows over Irish Ribband Group schists, which sit in a metamorphic aureole of Leinster granite.[4] The cleavage (or schistosity) dips steeply outwards, paralleling the sides of the granite pluton, which forms the surface over which the water cascades; however, the GSI note the contact between schist and granite is some distance upstream of the waterfall.[4]

Both boulders of schist (a silvery-sheen appearance), and of granite (a speckled crystalline appearance), can be seen in the pools at the base of the waterfall.[5]

Access[edit]

The waterfall is part of the Powerscourt Estate, who grant paid-access to the public through a separate visitor entrance (6 miles from the main estate entrance) during set times. At the base of the waterfall are visitor facilities, car parking, picnic and barbecue area, and various concessions.[6]

The waterfall can also be viewed from Ride Rock in Crone Woods, which also offers trails to the summit of Maulin.[7][8] A 7-kilometre 3-hour hill-walking route known as the Maulin Circuit, takes in Crone Woods, Maulin and the Powerscourt waterfall.[2]

Notable events[edit]

In August 1821, during the visit of King George IV to Ireland, Richard Wingfield, 5th Viscount Powerscourt dammed the waterfall so he could release a torrent while the two stood on the bridge below the falls. For reasons unknown, the king did not leave the banquet at Powerscourt House to view the waterfall, which was fortunate as, when the water was finally released, the bridge was washed away.[9]

In popular culture[edit]

The waterfall appears in the medieval fantasy film Excalibur (1981)[10] and the television historical drama series Vikings (2013–2020).[11][12]

Some of the waterfalls scenes for Willow (film) were shot at these falls, although Burney Falls in Norther California was also used for filming.[13]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Powerscourt Waterfall". logainm.ie. Irish Placenames Commission. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Fairbairn, Helen (2014). Dublin & Wicklow: A Walking Guide. Collins Press. ISBN 978-1848892019. Route 11: The Maulin Circuit
  3. ^ "Powerscourt Waterfall". World Waterfall Database. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  4. ^ a b c "WICKLOW - COUNTY GEOLOGICAL SITE REPORT: Powerscourt Waterfall" (PDF). Geological Survey of Ireland. 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Learn more about the Highest Waterfall in Ireland! Did you know….?". Powerscourt Estate. Retrieved 14 July 2019. The cliff was formed at the contact point between two different types of rock, granite and mica schist. Look at the boulders and rocks at the base of the waterfall and along the banks of the river – can you pick out the two types? The slatey mica schist, with its silvery sheen is easily distinguished from the whiter, speckled crystalline granite.
  6. ^ "Powerscourt: Ireland's Highest Waterfall". Powerscourt Estate. Retrieved 14 July 2019.
  7. ^ Christopher Sommerville (6 June 2009). "Walk of the week: Crone Woods and Maulin Mountain Co Wicklow". Irish Independent. Retrieved 10 July 2019.
  8. ^ Michael Guilfoyle (30 August 2017). "CRONE WOOD: Walk for the Weekend: A short, simple and safe trail". Irish Times. Retrieved 11 July 2019.
  9. ^ "Rare items from Powerscourt in Adam's sale". Irish Times. 18 August 2001. Retrieved 14 July 2019. The intention was that he should also view the famous Powerscourt waterfall, but whether because of lack of time or due to the king becoming incapacitated through excessive consumption of alcohol, this did not happen. It later transpired that a serious accident had been narrowly avoided because Lord Powerscourt had arranged for the water above the fall to be damned so that it might be released while George IV stood on a bridge constructed specially for the occasion. In fact, when the water did come down, the force was so great that the entire bridge was swept away.
  10. ^ "Chasing Wicklow's vibrant filming trail". 10 September 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  11. ^ Penny Walker (29 November 2019). "The Irish lough masquerading as a Scandinavian fjord". Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 July 2019.
  12. ^ Neela Debnath (24 January 2018). "Vikings season 5 location: Where is Vikings filmed? Where is it set?". Daily Express. Retrieved 12 July 2019. Previous filming locations for Vikings include Lough Tay - which is also known as the Guinness Lake due to being owned by the famous family - stands in for Kattegat Village, which is home to Ragnar Lothbrok (played by Travis Fimmel) and his family.
  13. ^ Where Was Willow Filmed: All Locations

External links[edit]