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A postcard photo of the Powhatan Arrow
|Service type||Inter-city rail|
|Former operator(s)||Norfolk and Western Railway|
|Distance travelled||676.6 miles (1,088.9 km)|
Train 25 left Norfolk at 7:00 am, and made the 565 mile run to Portsmouth, Ohio, in 12 hours 50 minutes. The remaining 111.6 miles to Cincinnati took nearly 3 hours as the train performed all the local work on that stretch of line.
The motive power for the Powhatan Arrow was built by the Roanoke Shops of Norfolk and Western located in Roanoke, Virginia. The train was given its name from a name submission contest offered by Norfolk and Western, the winner of which was Mr. Leonard Allen Scott of Dry Branch, Virginia. His entry (among over 140,000) was sent out in the last sack of mail picked up by the mail train in Parrott the day of the deadline for postmarks. The Arrow made its maiden run on April 28, 1946, and quickly became one of the most popular of Norfolk and Western's passenger trains. It and its J-class powered companions traveled approximately 15,000 miles per month and may have traveled nearly three million miles in its lifetime.
Background and class history
Among the most famous steam power of the N&W were the Class "J" 4-8-4 steam locomotives. They were the pride of the N&W, pulling crack passenger trains such as the Cavalier, the Pocahontas and the Powhatan Arrow, as well as ferrying the Southern Railway's Tennessean and Pelican between Monroe, Virginia, and Bristol, Tennessee. On a test on the Pennsylvania Railroad, a "J" achieved 110 mph with a ten car, 1050-ton train along one section of flat, straight track in Pennsylvania. This was remarkable performance for a 70-inch drivered reciprocating steam locomotive. But, the only time the "J"s were able to do anything like that on N&W rails was on the Eastern portion of the line, between Petersburg and Norfolk. The average speed of the Arrow between Norfolk and Cincinnati, with much of the route through the mountains, was only about 43 mph. The "J"s were numbered from 600 through 613, and were built in three groups from 1941 to 1950, and the only surviving member of this famous class of locomotives is 611, currently operational.
In April 1946, the N&W ordered sufficient passenger cars to re-equip the Powhattan Arrow completely and the Pocohontas partially. The consist for the new Powhattan Arrow included two 48-seat coaches with crew room (P1 class, #501 and #502), two 66-seat divided coaches (P2 class, #511 and #512), ten 56-seat coaches (P3 class #531–540), four 36-seat dining cars (D1 class, #491–494) and two lounge-tavern-observation cars (P4 class, #581 and #582). Some of the P3 and two of the D1 cars were for the Pocohantas.
The cars were delivered by Pullman-Standard in 1949 thus allowing the Arrow to be one of the first post-war streamliners inaugurated. They were smooth-sided and delivered in Tuscan red and black. Of the ten P3 cars, seven may still be in some type of operation. Several of these cars were used in the Norfolk Southern Steam Program. According to surviving drawings, the N&W streamlined/lightweight trains were originally supposed to be painted as follows: sides, ends and skirts "Tuscan red", roofs "dark brown" with trucks "Pullman green", and lettering/striping "gold leaf".
During the early 1950s the lettering and striping was changed to imitation (Dulux) gold, while the roofs and trucks were repainted black. The heavyweight cars were painted the same as before but did not carry train name logos or striping. After absorbing the Wabash Railroad by merger, the N&W "officially" adopted blue and yellow as passenger colors at the end of 1965. The repaints were not all done right away.
The Powhattan Arrow made its last run in 1969, two years before the end of all N&W passenger train service.
The 1946 edition of the Powhatan Arrow carried coaches, a tavern-lounge, and a dining car. The coaches and tavern-lounges were drawn from a pool of 15 coaches built by Pullman-Standard in 1941 for the Pocahontas. Three of the coaches were rebuilt as tavern-lounges. Each car had a coach seating area, a lounge area with chair seating for 20 plus two four-top tables. The N&W would replace the coach seating section with additional lounge seats. The dining cars were Pullman-Standard heavyweight cars from 1927.
- N&W October 27, 1957 Timetable, p. 14
- N&W October 27, 1957 Timetable, p. 15
- The Virginia Museum of Transportation. "The Virginia Museum of Transportation, Inc". Archived from the original on May 21, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2007.
- McCall, C. A. "Norfolk & Western Railway Company". Retrieved November 3, 2006.
- Dixon 2009, p. 43
- Dixon 2009, p. 44
- Dixon, Thomas W., Jr. (2009). Norfolk & Western's Powhatan Arrow. Forest, Virginia: TLC Publishing. ISBN 978-0-939487-91-2.
- Jeffries, Lewis Ingles (2005) . N&W: Giant of Steam. Roanoke, Virginia: Norfolk and Western Historical Society. ISBN 978-0-9704794-5-7.
- Morgan, David P. (2016). "Fine new feathers". In McGonigal, Robert S. (ed.). Great Trains East. Waukesha, Wisconsin: Kalmbach Publishing. pp. 50–57. ISBN 978-1-62700-470-1.
- Norfolk and Western Railway, (October 27, 1957). Passenger Timetable, Table 1 p. 6, Table 11 pp. 14–15.
- Prince, William (1980). Norfolk & Western Railway–Pocahontas Coal Carrier: Precision Transportation. Millard, Nebraska: Privately printed. ISBN 978-0-9600088-9-6.
- Warden, William E. (1990). Norfolk and Western Passenger Service, 1946–1971. Lynchburg, Virginia: TLC Publishing, Inc. ISBN 0-9622003-3-6. LCCN 00130198.