Poyang County

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Poyang County (Traditional Chinese: 鄱陽縣; Simplified Chinese: 鄱阳县; Hanyu Pinyin: Póyáng Xiàn) is a county under the administration of Shangrao city in Jiangxi Province of the People's Republic of China. It is located on the eastern side of Lake Poyang.

Historical evolution[edit]

Poyang was made a county during the Qin Dynasty, and belonged to the Jiujiang administrative region. During the Han Dynasty, it belonged to the Yuzhang region and was called Yang. During the Eastern Han, it became known as Poyang. In 1957, the name of the county was changed to Boyang County (波阳县), but in December 2003 the original name was restored.[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Poyang County administers 14 towns and 20 rural townships. The county seat is the town of Poyang.[citation needed] Around 1998 the county had approximately 1 million people.[2]

  • The town of Poyang had around 1998.[2]
  • The Yinhaobu Township had about 20,000 people around 1998. It includes the Guantian Village Committee.[3]
    • The Guantian Village Committee consists of the villages of Cao, Gao, and Xu.[2]
      • In 1997 Gao Village had 351 residents, including people who left the village as migrant workers.[3] Gao Village has a local school that was established in 1969, during the Cultural Revolution. Mobo C. F. Gao, author of the book Gao Village said that around 1995 almost all of the village's children have had two years of education because of the existence of the village school. Gao also said that the school would not have been established if it had not been for the Cultural Revolution. During the Cultural Revolution almost all of the children, including the girls, had an elementary school education spanning three years due to the convenience of having a local school and low costs.[4] Before 1949 no intra-village marriages occurred in Gao Village. Before the Cultural Revolution there was one intra-village marriage, which also was zhaozhui marriage; a zhaozhui marriage, in which the groom lives with the bride's family, was considered to have a stigma during the pre-Cultural Revolution time and still had some stigma in 1995 since area people believed that only extremely pool, helpless, hopeless, and parentless people entered zhaozhui marriages. Since the Cultural Revolution eight intra-village marriages occurred in Gao Village.[5]

Geography[edit]

The northern portion of the county is mountainous, while Lake Poyang can be found in the west. The center of the county is home to the Lake Poyang Plains.

Transportation[edit]

The Jiujing Highway passes through the northern portion of the county. In total, there are 209 provincial roads in the county.

Famous people[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "江西鄱阳工业园 (Jiangxi Poyang Industrial Park)". Poyang Industrial Park Hosting. Retrieved 2009-05-10. 
  2. ^ a b c Gao 4.
  3. ^ a b Gao 5.
  4. ^ Gao 159.
  5. ^ Gao 165.
  6. ^ Glahn, Richard Von (2004). The sinister way: the divine and the demonic in Chinese religious culture. University of California Press. p. 303. ISBN 978-0-520-23408-6. 
  7. ^ Zhang, Zhonghe; Chʻung-ho Chang; Hans Hermann Frankel; Guoting Sun; Kuo-tʻing Sun; Kui Jiang (1995). Two Chinese treatises on calligraphy. Yale University Press. pp. xii. ISBN 978-0-300-06118-5. 

Coordinates: 29°14′36″N 116°49′14″E / 29.24333°N 116.82056°E / 29.24333; 116.82056