Poyntzpass (Irish: Pas Phoyntz or Pas an Phointe) is a village on the border between County Armagh and County Down in Northern Ireland. It is situated in the civil parish of Ballymore and the historic barony of Orior Lower. and is within the Armagh City and District Council area. It had a population of 614 people (255 households) in the 2011 Census.
The village covers the townlands of Tullynacross, Brannock, Federnagh and Loughadian. It includes five places of Christian worship; a Roman Catholic Church, a Church of Ireland Church, a Presbyterian Church, a Baptist Church, and an Independent Church; 3 public houses; and 2 primary schools.
Historically, it is one of a few crossing points across a marsh stretching 25 miles (40 km) from Lough Neagh to Carlingford Lough, following the course of a prehistoric glacial overflow channel from which it derives the second half of its name. The first half derives from Colonel Charles Poyntz.
The pass which gave name to the town is on a major route southwards and was named after Lieutenant Charles Poyntz from Gloucestershire who defended it against Hugh O'Neill, 3rd Earl of Tyrone in 1598.
From "Topographical Dictionary of Ireland" by Samuel Lewis, 1837:
"POYNTZPASS, or FENWICK'S PASS, a small town, partly in the parish of AGHADERG, barony of UPPER IVEAGH, county of DOWN, but chiefly in the parish of BALLYMORE barony of LOWER ORIOR, county of ARMAGH and province of ULSTER , 2¾ miles (S.W.) from Loughbrickland, to which it has a penny post; containing 660 inhabitants, of which number, 88 are in the county of Down. This place was formerly an encumbered pass through bogs and woods, from the county of Down into that of Armagh, and from the O'Hanlons' to the Magennises' country: it derives its present name from this important military position having been forced, after a desperate action, by Lieut. Poyntz, of the English army, with a few troops, against a numerous body of Tyrone's soldiers, for which service he was rewarded with a grant of 500 acres [2 km²] in this barony: there are some remains of the castle which formerly commanded the pass. At Drumbanagher are vestiges of the entrenchment surrounding the principal strong hold of the Earl of Tyrone, during his wars with Queen Elizabeth, called Tyrone's Ditches. Poyntz-Pass is now one of the most fertile and beautiful spots in this part of the country. To the south is Drumbanagher Castle, the handsome residence of Lieut.-Col. Maxwell Close, built in the Italian style, with a large portico in front; on an eminence above the town is Acton House, the elegant residence of C. R. Dobbs, Esq.; not far from which is Union Lodge, that of W. Fivey, Esq., in a beautiful demesne, bounded by the extensive waters of Lough Shark. That portion of the town which is in the county of Armagh was built about 1790, by Mr. Stewart, then proprietor, who procured for it a grant of a market and fairs; the former was never established, but the latter, held on the first Saturday in every month, are large and well attended, great numbers of cattle and sheep being sold. The town comprises 116 houses in one principal street, intersected by a shorter one. It contains the church for the district of Acton, a small neat edifice in the early English style, with a tower at the east front, built in 1789, and considerably enlarged and improved in 1829; a R. C. chapel, a school, and a constabulary police station."
A castle was once situated in Poyntzpass. Its remnants were visible until the middle of the 19th century, but there is now no trace of it other than in the name 'Castle Corner' by which a corner of William Street is sometimes known.
For more information see The Troubles in Poyntzpass, which includes a list of incidents in Poyntzpass during the Troubles resulting in two or more fatalities.
People and local surnames
In 1910, these surnames were recorded in Poyntzpass in the Ulster towns directory.
- Graham (locally pronounced Grimes)
- O'Loughlin (local branch re-assumed the O')
- Morrow (pronounced locally Morroh)
- MacCullough (written MacCulla in the 1911 census)
- McGill (made Magill)
- Traynor (made Trainor)
- Waddell (sometimes pronounced Wah-dell)
Surnames local to Poyntzpass and surrounding areas (such as Drumbanagher or Lissummon) that are not included in this survey from 1910, do appear in the 1911 census of the Poyntz Pass area. Some names do not appear on either the 1910 Ulster Towns Directory or the 1911 census, but have come to Poyntzpass later in its history, one these names is Best.
A few of these names include:
- Callaghan (sometimes given as O'Callaghan)
The local Gaelic football club, named in honour of the rapparee, is Redmond O'Hanlon's (Cumann Réamainn Uí Anluain). Created around 1960, it was inactive from 1970 but was revived in 1977. It currently competes at Junior level in county competitions, and combines with Whitecross and Lissummon to field Minor teams as St Brigid's.
Poyntzpass railway station is on the Dublin-Belfast railway line and is often passed at speed by the Enterprise. The Enterprise runs between Belfast Central, Portadown then fast to Newry and on via principal stations to Dublin Connolly. Northern Ireland Railways however operate a service from Newry to calling at local stations including Poynztpass and Scarva to Portadown and additional stations to Belfast Great Victoria Street.
The Newry Canal which flows through Poyntzpass follows the Armagh/Down border and was one of the first major canals to be constructed in Britain or Ireland. However, it never really fulfilled its promise to bring industry and prosperity and is long since derelict. Its summit level is one mile (1.6 km) from the village at Acton Lake (Lough Shark).
- "Poyntzpass". IreAtlas Townlands Database. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
- "Poyntzpass". Census 2011 Results. NI Statistics and Research Agency. Retrieved 30 April 2015.
- Library Ireland, Ulster Towns directory 1910 Poyntzpass. http://www.libraryireland.com/UlsterDirectory1910/Poyntzpass.php
- I am a local of Poyntzpass and know the history of the surnames and how they are pronounced. This surname information is a from a primary source, which is myself
- Armagh GAA website
- "Poyntzpass station" (PDF). Railscot - Irish Railways. Retrieved 2007-08-28.
- Poyntzpass and District Local History Society
- Culture Northern Ireland
- Point Pass in South Australia is said to be named after Poyntzpass. Anne Redpath was a milkmaid who lived just outside Poyntzpass. She and her sisters emigrated to Australia in 1854. The area that Anne settled in reminded her of her home, so she named it Poyntzpass. Over time the name has corrupted to Point Pass.
- Poyntzpass Silver Band
- 'From Ireland' © Jane Lyons, Dublin, Ireland
- Landscapes Unlocked - Aerial footage from the BBC Sky High series explaining the physical, social and economic geography of Northern Ireland.
- The Meeting Place - Poyntzpass Community Centre.
- Poyntzpass Presbyterian Church