Pozorrubio, Pangasinan

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Municipality of Pozorrubio
Plaza with Municipal Hall in background
Plaza with Municipal Hall in background
Official seal of Pozorrubio
Map of Pangasinan with Pozorrubio highlighted
Map of Pangasinan with Pozorrubio highlighted
Pozorrubio is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 16°07′N 120°33′E / 16.12°N 120.55°E / 16.12; 120.55Coordinates: 16°07′N 120°33′E / 16.12°N 120.55°E / 16.12; 120.55
Country Philippines
RegionIlocos Region (Region I)
District5th district of Pangasinan
FoundedJanuary 13, 1870
Barangays34 (see Barangays)
 • TypeSangguniang Bayan
 • MayorErnesto Go
 • Electorate41,515 voters (2016)
 • Total134.60 km2 (51.97 sq mi)
(2015 census)[3]
 • Total69,555
 • Density520/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (PST)
ZIP code
IDD:area code+63 (0)75
Climate typeTropical monsoon climate
Income class1st municipal income class
Revenue (₱)171,000,368.15 (2016) [4]
Poverty incidence15.35 (2012)[5]
Native languagesPangasinan

Pozorrubio, officially the Municipality of Pozorrubio, (Pangasinan: Baley na Pozorrubio; Ilokano: Ili ti Pozorrubio; Tagalog: Bayan ng Pozorrubio), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Pangasinan, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 69,555 people.[3]

Often the town's name is mistakenly written as Pozzorubio but the correct spelling is Pozorrubio. Its land area is 8,965 hectares.[6]

Pozorrubio is 199 kilometres (124 mi) from Manila and is 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the provincial capital, Lingayen.

Etymology and history[edit]

"Pozo rubbio" (ruby-like waters from the "poso" or artesian well of the town) is the origin of the town's name.

Fr. Domingo Naval, Vicar of San Jacinto, Pangasinan Vicar, founded on "Pozo rubbio" March 12, 1834.

"Claris" or Pozorrubio became a Municipio on January 13, 1870. It was formerly a settlement and later a Barangay of San Jacinto, Pangasinan.

Wealthy landowners, Don Benito Magno, Domingo Aldana, Pedro Itliong, Bartolome Naniong, Bernardo Olarte, Pedro Salcedo, Juan Ancheta, Antonio Sabolboro, Jose Songcuan, Tobian Paragas, Francisco Callao and Baltazar Casiano y Salazar filed the June 19, 1868, Petition addressed to the Philippine Governor General de la Torre thru the Pangasinan "Alcalde Mayor" for conversion of Barrio Claris. The request was granted on November 3, 1869.[7]

Parish Priest, another Dominican, Rev. Fr. Asencio and Lingayen Seňor Domingo Castro filed petitions to the Governor-General). The name Claris was derived from Juan dela Cruz Palaris, the leader of the 1762 Spain revolt of Binalatongan (San Carlos). Claris was named in honor of Palaris, king of Pangasinan. Father Asencio suggested Pozorrubio to honor Governor-General dela Torre alias Conde de Pozor-the Count of Pozor, adding RUBIO.

Don Benito, Sr. Domingo Castro, Don Domingo Aldana and DonAgustin Venezuela, proceeded to Manila by caruaje (stagecoach pulled by four horses) to deliver the second petition to the Queen of Spain was Isabel II, which was granted on August 13, 1868.

Santa Philomena beame the Town's Patron Saint with feast day of August 13. She is, as believed by her devotees within the Catholic Church, a young virgin martyr whose remains were discovered in 1802 in the Catacombs of Priscilla. Three tiles enclosing the tomb bore an inscription that was taken to indicate that her name (in the Latin of the inscription) was Filumena, the English form of which is Philomena.

The remains were removed to Mugnano del Cardinale in 1805 and became the focus of widespread devotion, with several miracles credited to the saint's intercession, including the healing of Venerable Pauline Jaricot in 1835, which received wide publicity. Saint John Vianney attributed to her intercession the extraordinary cures that others attributed to himself.

The town's 12 intelligentsia formed the Communidad or Town Council (Tribunal or Presidencia, the Town Hall):

  • Don Benito Magno
  • Don Francisco Callao
  • Don Protacio Venezuela
  • Don Domingo Aldana
  • Don Bartolome Naniong
  • Don Jose Songcuan
  • Don Tobias Paragas
  • Don Bernanrdo Olarte
  • Don Juan Ancheta
  • Don Pedro Salcedo
  • Don Pedro Itliong
  • Don Antonio Sabaldoro

Don Benito Magono was elected on November 3, 1868, as first Gobernadorcillo on January 1, 1869, with seat of government at Barrio of Claris, now Barangay Amagbagan. Don Jose Sanchez and Don Agustin Venezuela donated the plaza lot.

San Jacinto Kura Paroko, Fr. Pablo Almazan appointed Dona Francisca Aldana-Magno, the wife of Don Benito, to teach in the only school set up in Claris. The town was relocated to Cablong. On December 18, 1880, Gobernadorcillo, Don Bernardo Olarte, inaugurated the new site with new Parish Priest, the Rev. Fr. Joaquin Gonzales, with a brand-new church and a kumbento.

The Japanese commandos in 1942 executed Attorney Filomeno G. Magno, the direct heirs of Don Benito Magno, 1st Gobernadorcilo and anak banus founder of Pozorrubio. Don Benito Estaris Magno's mother, Doňa Maria Estaris (Akolaw Inkew) was Benito's first teacher and his wife Doňa Francisca Aldana, was also a teacher in Claris. Don Benito organized a new town (independent from San Jacinto ) barrio Claris (now Brgy. Amagbagan), in 1867. It included barangays Nantangalan, Maambal, Bantugan, Dilan, Malasin, and Talogtog.[8]

On April 19, 2012, Oscar V. Cruz[9] announced that the aswang (Philippine ghoul) believed to have appeared in Brgy. Villegas, Pozorrubio was not true.[10][11]

Local government[edit]

The chief executives of the town are Mayor Artemio Q. Chan and Vice Mayor Ernesto T. Go, with eight Sangguniang Bayan members or councilors who hold office at the Town Hall and Legislative Building's Session Hall.[12]


Pozorrubio is politically subdivided into 34 barangays.

  • Alipangpang
  • Amagbagan
  • Balacag
  • Banding
  • Bantugan
  • Batakil
  • Bobonan
  • Buneg
  • Cablong
  • Casanfernandoan
  • Castaño
  • Dilan
  • Don Benito
  • Haway
  • Imbalbalatong
  • Inoman
  • Laoac
  • Maambal
  • Malasin
  • Malokiat
  • Manaol
  • Nama
  • Nantangalan
  • Palacpalac
  • Palguyod
  • Poblacion I
  • Poblacion II
  • Poblacion III
  • Poblacion IV
  • Rosario
  • Sugcong
  • Talogtog
  • Tulnac
  • Villegas


Population census of Pozorrubio
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 11,018—    
1918 15,391+2.25%
1939 18,627+0.91%
1948 21,675+1.70%
1960 26,625+1.73%
1970 33,006+2.17%
1975 35,618+1.54%
1980 38,257+1.44%
1990 48,460+2.39%
1995 52,378+1.47%
2000 58,252+2.30%
2007 63,689+1.24%
2010 66,111+1.37%
2015 69,555+0.97%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][13][14]


Climate data for Pozorrubio, Pangasinan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 31
Average low °C (°F) 22
Average precipitation mm (inches) 13.6
Average rainy days 3 2 2 4 14 16 23 21 24 15 10 6 140
Source: World Weather Online[15]


Public Market
  • Main crops: rice, sugarcane, tobacco,mango, vegetables and legumes, coconut, corn and cotton
  • Cottage industries: bamboo and rattan products for exports, swords, knives, bolos, and other metal crafts
  • Other industries: sand and gravel, concrete hollow blocks, leather craft, gold panning, fresh water fishponds, poultry and cattle raising


The town's prime school is the Benigno V Aldana National High School (BVANHS, formerly Pozorrubio High School).[7]

  • 29 elementary schools and 9 secondary schools
  • St. Philomena's Academy - private
  • University of Luzon – Pozorrubio
  • Mary Help of Christians Learning Center Foundation Inc. - private
  • Mary Help of Christians Boarding School Inc - private


The town's interesting points and events include:

  • Town Fiesta – January 11 (Pozorrubio 142rd[clarification needed] Foundation Day & Town Fiesta Schedule of Activities)
  • Patopat Festival – Frontage, Executive Building.[16][17]
  • Legislative Building and the municipal library.
  • The Plaza pergola (Don Domingo M. Magno, 1930s with authentic marker, the colorful history of Pozorrubio)
  • Plaza Park and Children's Park
  • Pozorrubio-Iligan City Friendship Park
  • Public Market
  • Quibuar Springs, Guernica Hill

St. Jude Thaddeus Parish Church[edit]

Facade with the Grotto of Jude the Apostle

The 1880 St. Jude Thaddeus Parish Church (Feast Day: October 28; Parish Priest: Father Teofilo L. Calicdan & Parochial Vicar: Father Christopher E. Sison) is under the jurisdiction of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lingayen-Dagupan,[18] Roman Catholic Diocese of Urdaneta (Coordinates: 16°6'42"N 120°32'42"E).[19][20][21][22]

The town and Parish were founded on March 12, 1834, by Fr. Domingo Naval, San Jacinto Vicar. The 1839–1842 ermita or Chapel amid the creation of Pozorrubio as Municipio on January 30, 1870, per Royal Decree of Governor General.

The Cablong (now the town proper) temporary parish was opened and the new church inaugurated on July 26, 1879, by Fr. Julian Lopez, San Jacinto Vicar, with the appointment on December 5, 1879, of Fr. Joaquin Gonzales (1879–1884) as Kura Paroko. Fr. Silvestre Fernandez (1887–1893) added the convent and the "escuelas" of "caton" and the old brick-walled cemetery. Mortae and ladrillo were used for house construction. Fr. Mariano Rodriguez (1893–1899) built a bigger bricks church (75.57 m long, 23 m 50 cm wide, walls of 4 m high, unfinished due to the Philippines-American War.

Fr. Lucilo Meris (1899–1925), first Filipino priest of Pozorrubio reduced the length of the Church to 42 m American Bombers destroyed the church and convent on January 7, 1945, and rebuilt by Fr. Emilio Cinense (1947–1952). Fr. Cinense, appointed Bishop, who founded the St.Philomena's Academy in 1948. Fr. Alfredo Cayabyab (1954–1967) reconstructed the Church.[22] Fr. Primo Garcia and Fr. Arturo Aquino helped reconstructed the present church.[23]



  1. ^ "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
  2. ^ "Province: Pangasinan". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  4. ^ "Pangasinan : Cities and Municipalities Competitiveness Index". Makati City, Philippines: National Competitiveness Council (Philippines). Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  5. ^ "PSA Releases the 2012 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Archived from the original on January 28, 2017. Retrieved January 28, 2017.
  6. ^ Pozorrubio | The Official Website of the Province of Pangasinan and its People
  7. ^ a b PHS-BVANHS Website, Pozorrubio, Pangasinan Archived March 29, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  8. ^ a b Pozorrubio Historical Vignettes | Pozorrubio Online Blog
  9. ^ 'Aswang' in Pangasinan not true, says Archbishop Cruz | Inquirer News
  10. ^ http://www.bomboradyo.com/news/regional-news/908-more-news/107034-pulisya-sa-pozorrubio-pangasinan-pilit-pinakakalma-ang-mga-residente-dahil-sa-paniwala-sa-aswang
  11. ^ Missing animals rouse monster hunt in Pangasinan | ABS-CBN News
  12. ^ Partial and Unofficial Results in Pozorrubio, Pangasinan | Know Your Candidates
  13. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  14. ^ Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region I (Ilocos Region)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
  15. ^ "Pozorrubio, Pangasinan: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved 31 October 2015.
  16. ^ Pozorrubio, Pangasinan
  17. ^ http://www.pangasinan.org/school/pozorrubio/landmarks.htm
  18. ^ http://www.rcald.org/
  19. ^ St. Jude Thaddeus Parish Church | catholic church
  20. ^ List of Catholic Dioceses in Asia | Asian Catholic Directory | Ucanews Archived September 4, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  21. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  22. ^ a b Capital of Pangasinan: All Churches in Pangasinan
  23. ^ 2007 Fiesta Album of Bani, Pangasinan Church
  24. ^ http://pozorrubian.wordpress.com/2007/12/16/the-pozorrubio-high-school-story/
  • (Published work: "Awaran na Inletneg na Baley na Pozorrubio", 1940 by Atty. Filomeno G. Magno, Pozorrubio)

External links[edit]