Prästgatan

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Prästgatan, April 2005.

Prästgatan (Swedish: "The Priest's Street") is a street in Gamla stan, the old town in central Stockholm, Sweden, stretching from a cul-de-sac west of the Royal Palace to the street Österlånggatan in the southern corner of the old town. Prästgatan forms a parallel street to Västerlånggatan, Trångsund, Skomakargatan, and Svartmangatan. It is intercepted by Storkyrkobrinken, Ankargränd, Spektens Gränd, Solgränd, Kåkbrinken, Tyska Brinken, Tyska Stallplan, Mårten Trotzigs Gränd, and Norra Benickebrinken

Old names[edit]

Prästegathen (1586)

Helwitesgatun (1529), Helgemesse grenden (1646), Helgeandz grenden (1669), Helgonegrenden (1697), Helvichs gränd(1726), Hellwigs gränden, Helvitii gränd (1723), Helvetii Gränd (1821), Helvetiegränden (1885)
sahlig Gref Stenbergs Huus (1700), Stenbergs gr[änd] (1733), Stenbergs gränd (1885)

[1]

History[edit]

Marks in the paving by Tyska Stallplan showing the extent of the Blackfriars monastery.

The street was given its name in reference to the residences of three chaplains and a bell-ringer built there during the 16th century, the four small buildings were demolished in 1708 to give room to the parsonage still present. As the parsons othe German Church ("Tyska kyrkan") were housed near the street, the southern part of it was called Tyska Prästgatan ("The German Priest's Street") from the mid-18th to the mid-19th century while the northern part was called Svenska Prästgatan ("The Swedish Priest's Street"). The name revision of 1885, resulted in the name Prästgatan being used for the street's northern and southern extensions as well.[1]

Before this, the part north of the street Storkyrkobrinken was known as Helvetesgränd ("Alley of Hell"), just like the surrounding area north and west of the cathedral Storkyrkan was being referred to as Helvetet (Hell), a name subject to scholarly disputes. Professor Nils Ahnlund (1889–1957), interpreted it as referring to the area north of a church in popular beliefs being known as "latus plagæ damnatæ" ("the northern side of the damned") and therefore a place of disgrace suitable for suicides and criminals, a theory only corroborated by the location of the city executioner in the area. This theory was however questioned by the historian Lizzie Carlsson, in several essays instead concluding Helvetet during the Middle Ages was used all over Sweden for farmyards as well as other structures with a northern location. A theory, she argues, confirmed by the fact that the "kingdom of the dead" in norse folklore is located to the north. While the presence of more distinguished residences in the Helvetet neighbourhood can be explained by the overcrowded conditions within the city walls, the name during medieval times didn't have the pejorative meaning it has today, thus making the hypothesis credible.[1]

The extension south of Tyska Stallplan was named Stenbergs gränd ("Alley of Stenberg") after Crown Equerry Antonius von Steinberg (-1675), favourite of Queen Christina (1626–1689) and owner of the entire block north of the extension.[1] The painter Carl Larsson (1853–1919) was born in a building nearby.[2] Markings in the pavement in the southern slope show the extent of the Blackfriars monastery located on the northern side of the street from the coronation of King Magnus Eriksson in 1336 to the Reformation (around 1520-1530). An archaeological excavation in 1993 unveiled the corner of a wall 0,6 metres under the current street just in front of the corner between Tyska Stallplan and Prästgatan.[3]

Runestone[edit]

Runestone in the wall at the intersection with Kåkbrinken

In the corner of Prästgatan and Kåkbrinken is a runestone in the wall, carrying the inscription "Torsten and Frögunn had the stone erected after their son." The stone was probably brought to Stockholm to be used as building material, from where is not known. As the female name Frögunn is known as a pagan name, the stone is believed to be from around 1000, the stone thus being about 200 years older than the city.[4]

A laser range scanner analysis made in 2002, showed variations in stroke patterns in the grooves of the stone, and that the stone was probably carved by a master carver and an apprentice. It's one of three runestones found in the old town: A second, U 274, originally located in a wall by the southern city gate near Slussen, is today kept in the Museum of Medieval Stockholm. It contains the words "Karl and Adisla had [this stone] erected [after] Arnsil, [their] father" and is similar in style to stones found in Södermanland, south of Stockholm. The third runestone, U 54, is today lost but was once located in a stairway in the church Riddarholmskyrkan.[5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Innerstaden: Gamla stan". Stockholms gatunamn (2nd ed.). Stockholm: Kommittén för Stockholmsforskning. 1992. pp. 64–65. ISBN 91-7031-042-4. 
  2. ^ "Ord och bild". Project Runeberg. 19 December 1903. Retrieved 2007-02-05. 
  3. ^ Barbro Århem (1993). "Prästgatan, Österlånggatan, Södra Benickebrinken" (PDF). Stockholm City Museum. Retrieved 2007-02-25. 
  4. ^ "Konsten i Gamla stan". City of Stockholm. Retrieved 2007-02-09. [dead link]
  5. ^ Laila Kitzler Åhfeldt, Magnus Källström (2002). "Stockholmsrunor och en huggspårsanalys av runstenen vid Prästgatan". Upptaget - Sankt Eriks årsbok 2002 (in Swedish). Stockholm: Samfundet Sankt Erik, Stockholm City Museum, Museum of Medieval Stockholm. pp. 172–180. ISBN 91-974091-1-1. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 59°19′37.3″N 18°04′13.0″E / 59.327028°N 18.070278°E / 59.327028; 18.070278