|Former municipality of Switzerland|
Präz from the air
|• Total||11.35 km2 (4.38 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,200 m (3,900 ft)|
|• Density||14/km2 (37/sq mi)|
|Surrounded by||Cazis, Rhäzüns, Safien, Sarn, Tartar, Versam|
|Twin towns||Neerach (Switzerland)|
Präz (Romansh: Preaz) was a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2010 the municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn and Tartar merged into the municipality of Cazis.
Präz is first mentioned in 1290-98 as Pare(t)z.
Präz has an area, as of 2006[update], of 11.3 km2 (4.4 sq mi). Of this area, 45.3% is used for agricultural purposes, while 47.9% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 2.8% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (4%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).
The municipality is located in the Thusis sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district and is located on the Heinzenberg mountains. It consists of the haufendorf (an irregular, unplanned and quite closely packed village, built around a central square) village of Präz and the hamlets of Dalin and Raschlinas as well as scattered farm houses. The municipalities of Portein, Präz, Sarn, and Tartar merged on 1 January 2010 into Cazis.
As of 2000[update], the gender distribution of the population was 48.4% male and 51.6% female. The age distribution, as of 2000[update], in Präz is; 29 people or 16.3% of the population are between 0 and 9 years old. 13 people or 7.3% are 10 to 14, and 9 people or 5.1% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 17 people or 9.6% of the population are between 20 and 29 years old. 33 people or 18.5% are 30 to 39, 21 people or 11.8% are 40 to 49, and 22 people or 12.4% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 15 people or 8.4% of the population are between 60 and 69 years old, 12 people or 6.7% are 70 to 79, there are 5 people or 2.8% who are 80 to 89, and there are 2 people or 1.1% who are 90 to 99.
The entire Swiss population is generally well educated. In Präz about 70.5% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either University or a Fachhochschule).
Präz has an unemployment rate of 0.82%. As of 2005[update], there were 45 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 18 businesses involved in this sector. 1 person is employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 7 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.
The historical population is given in the following table:
Most of the population (as of 2000[update]) speaks German (95.5%), with Romansh being second most common ( 2.8%) and Italian being third ( 0.6%). The Romansh population speaks the Sutsilvan dialect.
|Languages in Präz|
|Languages||Census 1980||Census 1990||Census 2000|
- Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz, Mutationsmeldungen 2009 / Répertoire officiel des communes de Suisse, Mutations 2009 / Elenco ufficiale dei Comuni della Svizzera, Mutazione 2009 (PDF) (Report). Federal Statistical Office. 2009. nden. Retrieved 6 March 2010.
- Präz in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
- Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 7 October 2009
- Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
- Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Präz.|