Map of São Tomé and Príncipe with Príncipe near the top
|Location||São Tomé and Príncipe|
|Area||136 km2 (53 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||948 m (3,110 ft)|
|Highest point||Pico de Príncipe|
|Capital city||Santo António|
|Demonym||Príncipean or Principean|
|Population||5,000 (?, approx.)|
|Pop. density||36.8 /km2 (95.3 /sq mi)|
|Area code: 00239-19x-xxxx?|
Príncipe is the smaller, northern major island of the country of São Tomé and Príncipe lying off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. It has an area of 136 square kilometres (53 sq mi) and a population of approximately 5,000. The island is a heavily eroded volcano speculated to be over three million years old, surrounded by smaller islands including Ilheu Bom Bom, Ilhéu Caroço, Tinhosa Grande and Tinhosa Pequena. Part of the Cameroon Line archipelago, Príncipe rises in the south to 948 metres at Pico de Príncipe, in a thickly forested area forming part of the Obo National Park.
The island was uninhabited when discovered by the Portuguese and named "Príncipe" (Prince's island) in honor of Afonso, Prince of Portugal, his father's favorite. Subsequently, the north and centre of the island were made into plantations, most of them formed by Portuguese colonialists using slave labor. These concentrated initially on producing sugar and later on cocoa, becoming the world's greatest cocoa producer. Since independence, these plantations have largely reverted to forest.
Príncipe has one town, Santo António, and an airport (IATA code: PCP, ICAO: FPPR), as well as some villages including Bela Vista, Bombom, Futuro, Neves Ferreira, Paciencia, Ponta Fonte, Ribeira Ize, Santo António de Ureca and Vila Rosa. Few of them are connected to the small road network.
UNESCO established the Island of Príncipe Biosphere Reserve in 2012 under the Man and the Biosphere Programme. The reserve encompasses the entire emerged area of the island of Príncipe, and its islets Bom Bom, Boné do Jóquei, Mosteiros, Santana, and Pedra da Galei, and the Tinhosas islands.
Twin towns – Sister cities
Príncipe is twinned with:
- "Satellite View and Map of São Tomé and Príncipe" Nations Online. Retrieved 2014-9-26.
- "Príncipe: a haven on earth" Financial Times. Retrieved 2014-9-26.
- Pinnock, D & Pinnock, G (2012) Chocolate Island. Africa Geographic. February 2012
- "World Network of Biosphere Reserves". Island of Príncipe. UNESCO. Retrieved 1 June 2016.
- "Geminações de Cidades e Vilas". Associação Nacional de Municípios Portugueses (in Portuguese). Retrieved 2013-07-20.