Príncipe kingfisher

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Príncipe kingfisher
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Coraciiformes
Family: Alcedinidae
Subfamily: Alcedininae
Genus: Corythornis
Species: C. cristatus
Trinomial name
Corythornis cristatus nais
(Kaup, 1848)
  • Alcedo nais
  • Corythornis nais

The Príncipe kingfisher (Corythornis cristatus nais) is a bird in the family Alcedinidae. It is endemic to Príncipe an island off the west coast of Africa in the Gulf of Guinea. The first formal description of the species was by the German naturalist Johann Jakob Kaup in 1848 who gave it the binomial name Alcedo nais.[2][3] A molecular phylogenetic study published in 2008 showed that the Príncipe kingfisher is a subspecies of the malachite kingfisher.[4]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2015). "Corythornis nais". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2015.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 30 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Kaup, Johann Jakob (1848). "Die Familie der Eisvögel (Alcedidae)". Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins für das Großherzogthum Hessen und Umgebung (in German). 2: 72. OCLC 183221382. 
  3. ^ Peters, James Lee, ed. (1945). Check-list of Birds of the World. Volume 5. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press. p. 176. 
  4. ^ Melo, Martim; Fuchs, Jérôme (2008). "Phylogenetic relationships of the Gulf of Guinea Alcedo kingfishers". Ibis. 150 (3): 633–639. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2008.00826.x. 

Further reading[edit]

  • R.G. Moyle, J. Fuchs, E. Pasquet, et B. Marks, Feeding behavior, toe count, and the phylogenetic relationships among alcedinine kingfishers, J. Avian Biol., vol. 38 (2007), p. 317-326.

M. Melo, et J. Fuchs, Phylogenetic relationships of the Gulf of Guinea Alcedo kingfishers, Ibis, vol. 150 (2008), p. 633-369.