Príncipe seedeater

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Príncipe seedeater
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Fringillidae
Subfamily: Carduelinae
Genus: Crithagra
C. rufobrunnea
Binomial name
Crithagra rufobrunnea
(G.R. Gray, 1862)
  • Serinus rufobrunneus (Gray, 1862)

The Príncipe seedeater (Crithagra rufobrunnea) is a species of finch in the Fringillidae family. It is found only on the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe off the west coast of Africa.[2] Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests and subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.[1]

The Príncipe seedeater was formerly placed in the genus Serinus but phylogenetic analysis using mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequences found that the genus was polyphyletic.[3] The genus was therefore split and a number of species including the Príncipe seedeater were moved to the resurrected genus Crithagra.[4][5]


  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2018). "Crithagra rufobrunnea". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: e.T22720272A131457659. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2018-2.RLTS.T22720272A131457659.en. Retrieved 16 January 2019.
  2. ^ BirdLife International, Species Factsheet Crithagra rufobrunnea, accessed 16 January 2019
  3. ^ Zuccon, Dario; Prŷs-Jones, Robert; Rasmussen, Pamela C.; Ericson, Per G.P. (2012). "The phylogenetic relationships and generic limits of finches (Fringillidae)" (PDF). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 62 (2): 581–596. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2011.10.002. PMID 22023825.
  4. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David (eds.). "Finches, euphonias". World Bird List Version 5.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 5 June 2015.
  5. ^ Swainson, William (1827). "On several forms in ornithology not hitherto defined". Zoological Journal. 3: 348.

Further reading[edit]

  • Christy, P. & Clarke, W. V. (1998). Guide des oiseaux de São Tomé et Príncipe (Guide to the Birds of São Tomé and Príncipe). Libreville, Ecofac, 106 pages
  • Jones, P. J. & Tye, A. (2006). The Birds of São Tomé and Príncipe with Annobón, islands of the Gulf of Guinea. British Ornithologists’ Union, Oxford, 192 pages
  • Melo, M. (2007). Bird speciation in the Gulf of Guinea. PhD, School of Biological Sciences, Institute of Evolutionary Biology, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh.
  • Naurois, de, R. (1975). Les Carduelinae des îles de São Tomé et Príncipe (Golfe de Guinée) (Carduelinae in the Islands of São Tomé and Príncipe (Gulf of Guinea)). Ardeola 21 : 903-931.