|Part of maharastra|
|Raigad District, Maharashtra|
Kalavantin and Prabalgad
Shown within Maharashtra
|Owner||Government of India|
|Controlled by||Maratha Empire|
The Prabalgad Fort stands at an elevation of 2300 feet in the Western Ghats. The fort was previously known as Muranjan until it was taken over and renamed by the Maratha forces under Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj's rule. The fort has a Ganesh temple and some unidentified stone ruins. It's sister fort is Irshalgad. Right next to Prabalgad to its north, lies the steep Kalavantin fort.
The Prabalgad Fort was built by the Bahmani Sultanate to keep an eye on the "Panvel Fort" and the "Kalyan Fort" in the North Konkan area. Around 1458 A.D, "Malik Ahmad" the prime minister of the kingdom of Ahmednagar, took over the fort during his conquest of Konkan. After disintegration of the Bahmani Sultanate, the fort remained with the Ahmadnagar Sultanate.
During the collapse of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate, Shahaji led a helping hand against the separate forces of the Mughal Empire and the Adil Shahi dynasty. After the collapse of the Sultanate, he moved to Muranjan along with his wife Jijabai and son Shivaji for a brief period of time.
However, following Shahaji's defeat and the agreement of Mahuli, North Konkan along with the fort, was ceded to Mughals who granted ruling authority of the area to Adilshah of Bijapur. Chhatrapati Shivaji conquered the fort from the Mughals in 1657 A.D, after which he established himself in the Kalyan-Bhivandi area.
During the attack by Chhatrapati Shivaji, The fort was governed by "Kesar Singh", a Mughal sardar, and was the only fort to put up a strong resistance. On seeing the signs of defeat, the women inside the fort performed Jauhar, a tradition of self-immolation to ensure an honorable and respectful death. Singh died during the battle in October 1657. Kesar Singh's mother hid herself and her grandchild during the attack. Chhatrapati Shivaji, in an act of kindness made sure the lady and the child were allowed a safe passage out.
Prabalgad lies on the prabal plateau between Matheran and Panvel and can be easily spotted from the Mumbai-Pune expressway. The "Ulahas River" runs to the east of the fort while the "Gadhi River" runs to the west. The Patalganga River is to the south.
Kalavantin (also known as Kalavati or Kalavantinicha Sulka) is a 685m high pinnacle on the northern edge of the Prabal plateau. It is located near the Machi and near the Vajepur village. This is the site of the Kalavantin Durg.
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- Gunaji, Milind (2010). Offbeat Tracks in Maharashtra. Popular Prakashan. pp. 50–52. ISBN 9788179915783.
- "PRABALGAD KALAVANTIN HOTEL LODGING AND GUIDE SERVICE: KALAVATIN PRABALGAD HISTORY OF FORT".
- Radhey Shyam. The Kingdom of Ahmadnagar. Motilal Banarsidass Publisher. p. 28. ISBN 978-81-208-2651-9.
- The Quarterly Review of Historical Studies , Volumes 7-9. Institute of Historical Studies. 1968. p. 187.
- Govind Sakharam Sardesai (1957). New History of the Marathas: Shivaji and his line (1600-1707). Phoenix Publications. p. 115.
- Nilkant Sadashiv Takakhav, Kr̥shṇarāva Arjuna Keḷūsakara (1985). Life of Shivaji, founder of the Maratha Empire , Volume 1. Sunita Publications. pp. 226–227.
- Murlidhar Balkrishna Deopujari. Shivaji and the Maratha art of war. Vidarbha Samshodhan Mandal. p. 61.
- V. B. Kulkarni (1963). Shivaji: The Portrait of a Patriot. Orient Longmans. p. 46.
- Ambika Sharma. "Prabalgad – Glory at its best".
- Harish Kapadia (1 March 2004). Trek the Sahyadris. Indus Publishing. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-81-7387-151-1.
- For high resolution image of Kalavantin durg see 250 MegaPixel image of Kalavantin.
- For a more pictures and a detailed review of How to Trek to Prabalgad Fort read this review: Prabalgad Fort Trek Review Blog on Hikeden you can also checkout the review of the Kalavantin durg here: Kalavantindurg (via Prabalmachi) Trek Review Blog.