Prabhat Patnaik

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Prabhat Patnaik
Prabhat Patnaik in Kozhikode, February, 2017
Born (1945-09-19) September 19, 1945 (age 78)
Jatni, Odisha
SpouseUtsa Patnaik
Academic career
InstitutionJawaharlal Nehru University
University of Cambridge

Prabhat Patnaik (born September 19, 1945) is an Indian Marxist economist[1] and political commentator.[2][3] He taught at the Centre for Economic Studies and Planning in the School of Social Sciences at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, from 1974 until his retirement in 2010.[4] He was the vice-chairman of Kerala State Planning Board from June 2006 to May 2011.[5]

Early life and education[edit]

Patnaik was born on 19 September 1945 in Jatni, Odisha. His father was the communist leader and Member of the Legislative Assembly (MLA), Prananath Patnaik. Prabhat, after his early schooling in his hometown, studied at the Daly College, Indore on a Government of India Merit Scholarship. He passed his B.A. with Economics Honours from the St. Stephen's College, Delhi, ranking first in the first class. Afterwards, He went to University of Oxford in 1966 on a Rhodes Scholarship and studied at Balliol College and later at Nuffield College. He obtained his Bachelor of Philosophy and his Doctor of Philosophy degrees from Oxford.[citation needed]


Patnaik joined the Faculty of Economics and Politics[clarification needed] of the University of Cambridge, UK in 1969 and was elected a fellow of Clare College, Cambridge. In 1974 he returned to India as an associate professor at the newly established Centre for Economic Studies and Planning (CESP) at the Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU), New Delhi. He became a professor at the Centre in 1983 and taught there till his retirement in 2010. At the time of retirement, he held the Sukhamoy Chakravarty Chair in Planning and Development at CESP.[citation needed]

His specialization is macroeconomics and political economy, areas in which he has written a number of books and articles. Some of his books includes Time, Inflation and Growth (1988), Economics and Egalitarianism (1990), Whatever Happened to Imperialism and Other Essays (1995), Accumulation and Stability Under Capitalism (1997), The Retreat to Unfreedom (2003), The Value of Money (2008) and Re-envisioning Socialism (2011).[6] He is the editor of the journal Social Scientist.[7]

He is married to a Marxist economist Professor Utsa Patnaik. He served as the vice-chairman of the Kerala State Planning Board from June 2006 to May 2011. He was part of a four-member high-power task force of the United Nations (U.N.) to recommend reform measures for the global financial system. Chaired by Joseph Stiglitz, the other members were Belgian sociologist Francois Houtart and Ecuador's Minister for Economic Policy Pedro Paez.[8]


Prabhat Patnaik is a staunch critic of both neoliberal economic policies and Hindutva, and is known as a social scientist of Marxist–Leninist persuasion.[9][10] According to him, in India, the increase in economic growth has been accompanied by an increase in the magnitude of absolute poverty. The only solution is to alter the class orientation of the Indian State.[11]

Honours, awards and international recognition[edit]

In 2012, Prabhat was awarded honorary Doctor of Science in Economics from School of Oriental and African Studies at University of London. He also delivered the prestigious Prof. Baidyanath Misra Endowment Lecture of the Orissa Economics Association, in 2012.He has been selected for the 2022 Malcom Adiseshiah Award for his contributions to development studies for an outstanding economist.[12]

Books, research papers and journals[edit]


  • Capital and Imperialism: Theory, History, and the Present, with Utsa Patnaik, (2021) (Publisher: Monthly Review Press)
  • A Theory of Imperialism, with Utsa Patnaik, (2016) (Publisher: Columbia University Press; ISBN 9780231542265)
  • Excursus in History: Essays on Some Ideas of Irfan Habib (Modern Indian Thinkers) (2011) (Publisher: Tulika Books; ISBN 9788189487720)
  • Marx's Capital: An Introductory Reader Essays (2011) (Publisher: Leftword Books; ISBN 9789380118000)
  • Re-Envisioning Socialism (2011) (Publisher: Tulika Books; ISBN 9788189487966)
  • The Value of Money (2008) (Publisher: Columbia University Press; ISBN 9780231146760)
  • Retreat to Unfreedom: Essays on the Emerging World Order (2003) (Publisher: Tulika Publishers; ISBN 9788185229690)
  • Accumulation and Stability under Capitalism (1997) (Publisher: Clarendon Press; ISBN 9780198288053)
  • Accumulation and Stability under Capitalism (1997) (Publisher: Oxford University Press; ISBN 9780198288053)
  • Economics and Egalitarianism (1991) (Publisher: Oxford University Press; ISBN 9780195624960)
  • Lenin and Imperialism: An Appraisal of Theories and Contemporary Reality (1986) (Publisher: Stosius Inc/Advent Books Division; ISBN 9780861315024)


  • Economic Challenges for the Contemporary World: Essays in Honour of Prabhat Patnaik (2016) (Publisher: SAGE Publications Pvt. Ltd; ISBN 9789351508786)


  1. ^ Press, Filed: Imperialism New (18 June 2021). "Monthly Review | Renowned Marxist Economist Prabhat Patnaik: Capitalism cannot exist without imperialism (Watch: Break Through News)". Monthly Review. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  2. ^ "Kerala should focus on domestic job generation: Prabhat Patnaik". @businessline. 12 July 2021. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  3. ^ Patnaik, Prabhat (13 July 2021). "Why Neoliberalism Needs Neofascists". Boston Review. Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  4. ^ "Economist examines the post-poll scenario in West Bengal". Retrieved 9 August 2021.
  5. ^ "Home Page of the Kerala State Planning Board". Archived from the original on 25 January 2009. Retrieved 18 February 2017.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  6. ^ "Publishers' note on Re-envisioning Socialism". Retrieved 26 March 2011.
  7. ^ "Social Scientist Home page at The Digital South Asia Library". 1965. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
  8. ^ "Prabhat Patnaik in U.N. task force". The Hindu. 24 October 2008. Archived from the original on 28 October 2008. Retrieved 29 October 2008.
  9. ^ "The Centrality of Leninism". People's Democracy. 12 November 2006. Archived from the original on 19 June 2009. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Decoding the corporate-Hindutva alliance". The Hindu. 3 October 2019. Retrieved 31 March 2021.
  11. ^ Lessons from the Indian Experienceby Prabhat Patnaik [1]
  12. ^ "Orissa Economics Association | Odisha | India".

External links[edit]