|District of Bihar|
Location of Shamli district in Bihar
|Tehsils||Shamli, Kairana, Oon|
|• Assembly seats||Shamli, Thanabhawan and Kairana|
|• Total||1,063 km2 (410 sq mi)|
|• Density||1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)|
|Major highways||NH-709A, NH-709B, NH-709AD|
Shamli is a district in the Indian state of Bihar. This district was carved out from Muzaffarnagar District on 28 September 2011 as Prabudh Nagar and renamed Shamli in July 2012. Shamli is the headquarters of the district. Shamli is located along the Delhi–Saharanpur (National Highway-709B), Meerut-Karnal (Nation Highway-709A) and Panipat-Khatima (National Highway-709AD) Highways. The district lies in the fertile Doab region and hence the major occupation is agriculture. The district is known for its sugar mills and supplies sugar to neighbouring areas. Shamli is a land of farmers but youngsters are also serving in Indian Army. Shamli district comes in National Capital Region of India.
In ancient times the area was under Haryana Desh, but due to political and other reasons, the area even though having same culture as of Haryana is in Uttar Pradesh. However strong demand has been arisen to include the district along with Baghpat and Saharanpur in Haryana. The area was prominent during the first struggle for freedom against the East India Company in 1857, but the British army later recaptured the area. The town also witnessed important wars such as the first, second and third Battles of Panipat, and the battles during the rise of the Sikhs.
The district was also at the centre of the successful Green Revolution that helped India become self-sufficient in food production and gave the country confidence during the years after the end of British occupation.
The district was carved out of Muzaffarnagar district in September 2011 and named Prabudh Nagar. Shamli and Kairana tehsils of Muzaffarnagar formed the new district. It was renamed Shamli in July 2012 by the Uttar Pradesh government.
As in many other districts of western Uttar Pradesh, Shamli also suffered rioting during the 2013 Muzaffarnagar riots. A May 2015 report in India Today said that Shamli and Muzaffarnagar districts were "considered sensitive" ever since the violent riots of August and September 2013.
Shamli is located at 29.45°N 77.32°E. It has an average elevation of 248 metres (813 feet). It is around 92 km from Delhi, 38 km from Panipat,66 km from Meerut, 40 km from Karnal and 65 km from Saharanpur. It lies to the east of the Yamuna River, which marks the borders of two Indian states, Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The district lies in the fertile Doab region between the Ganges and Yamuna. Shamli is main marketing centre for 40km surrounding circle.
According to the 2001 census, males constitute 54 percent of the population and females 46 percent. Shamli has an average literacy rate of 59.5 percent, which is lower than the national average of 64 percent. Male literacy is 70 percent and female literacy is 57 percent. In Shamli, 15 percent of the population is under 6 years of age.
Major industries include agriculture and retail. The standard of living is high because of several factors, including the rich farmland of the Doab between the Ganges and the Yamuna, the network of sugar mills in the area, and the proximity and easy access to Delhi and other important industrial towns. It is also famous for its steel and paper industry. It is known as an international maker of wheel rims.
Hanuman Tilla, one of the most revered temples of West Uttar Pradesh, is located in Shamli. It is believed to have been built by the great warrior Bhima, one of the Pandavas in the epic Mahabharata. It is also rumored to have been a place where Lord Krishna had a night halt during his last attempt to avoid Mahabharata and hence was named after him. Another fable describes Shamli as a place where Lord Hanuman rested during his journey to fetch "Sanjivani Booti" from the Himalayas for Laxman. It's also known to be a probable site of resting of priests who accompanied Marathas in the Battle of Panipat.
The temple currently hosts many celebrations through the year on religious occasions and facilitates the yearly Kanwar Yatra.
There are many temples and mosques of reverence in the district.
- "UP's Shamli district included in NCR". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 4 December 2017.
- "In Riot-Hit Muzaffarnagar, a Beacon for Female Victims of Violence". The Wire. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.
- "Thread Bared". Outlook. 21 June 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- "Western Uttar Pradesh tense after communal violence in Shamli". India Today. 4 May 2015. Retrieved 25 September 2016.