Pradyota dynasty

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Pradyota dynasty, also called Prthivim Bhoksyanti (lit. enjoying the earth),[1] is an ancient Indian dynasty, which ruled over Avanti and Magadha, though most of the Puranas (except a manuscript of the Brahmanda Purana, preserved in the University of Dhaka) say that this dynasty succeeded the Brihadratha dynasty in Magadha.[2] The dynasty ruled for 138 years.[1]

Pradyota dynasty
682 BCE–544 BCE
Common languagesSanskrit
• Established
682 BCE
• Disestablished
544 BCE
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Brihadratha dynasty
Vedic period
Haryanka dynasty
Today part ofIndia

Pradyota is the founder of the dynasty and ruler of Avanti & Magadha. Pradyota dynasty was Second dynasty who ruled Magadha. Pradyota was son of Pulika (Punika), who is said to have killed Ripunjaya of Brihadratha dynasty at Rajagriha, to make his son the king.

Pradyota dynasty was preceded by Brihadratha dynasty and succeeded by Haryanka dynasty of Magadha. Pradyota is said to have ruled for 23 years.[3]

Palaka's reign started in (659–635 BCE) according to Visarasreni of Merutunga.[4] He was the son of Chanda Pradyota of Magadha.[5] He is said to have conquered Kosambi.[3] Palaka is said to have ruled for 25 years.[6]

Visakhayupa, Ajaka, Nandivardhana is said to have ruled for 50, 21 and 20 years respectively.[6]

List of rulers[edit]

Five Kings of Pradyota dynasty ruled for 138 years from 682 to 544 BCE.

List of Pradyota dynasty Rulers
King Reign (BCE) Period
Pradyota Mahasena 682–659 BCE 23
Palaka 659–635 BCE 24
Visakhayupa 635–585 BCE 50
Ajaka 585–564 BCE 21
Varttivarddhana 564–544 BCE 20

See also[edit]



  1. ^ a b Thapar 2013, p. 295.
  2. ^ Misra, V.S. (2007). Ancient Indian Dynasties, Mumbai: Baratiya Vidya Bhavan, ISBN 81-7276-413-8, p. 300
  3. ^ a b Kailash Chand Jain 1972, p. 101.
  4. ^ Kailash Chand Jain 1991, p. 85.
  5. ^ Kailash Chand Jain 1991, p. 81.
  6. ^ a b Kailash Chand Jain 1972, p. 102.


Preceded by Avanti dynasties Succeeded by