Václav Havel Airport Prague

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Václav Havel Airport Prague
Letiště Václava Havla Praha
PRG Airport logo.png
Prago-Ruzyně, flughaveno, el-aera vido, 7.jpeg
Airport type Public
Operator Letiště Praha, Ltd.
Serves Prague, Kladno
Location Ruzyně
Hub for
Focus city for
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Elevation AMSL 1,234 ft / 376 m
Coordinates 50°06′03″N 014°15′36″E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000Coordinates: 50°06′03″N 014°15′36″E / 50.10083°N 14.26000°E / 50.10083; 14.26000
Website prg.aero
LKPR is located in Czech Republic
Location in the Czech Republic
Direction Length Surface
m ft
06/24 3,715 12,188 Concrete
12/30 3,250 10,663 Concrete
Number Length Surface
m ft
FATO 1 29 95 Asphalt/Grass
FATO 2 38 125 Asphalt/Grass
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 13,074,517[1]
Passenger change 15–16 Increase8.7%
Cargo 71,091 t
Aircraft movements 136,766[2]
Source: Czech AIP at the Air Navigation Services of the Czech Republic (ANS CR)[3]

Václav Havel Airport Prague (Czech: Letiště Václava Havla Praha), formerly Prague Ruzyně International Airport (Czech: Mezinárodní letiště Praha-Ruzyně, Czech pronunciation: [ˈpraɦa ˈruzɪɲɛ]), (IATA: PRGICAO: LKPR), is the international airport of Prague, the capital of the Czech Republic. It is located 12 km (7 mi) west of the centre of Prague[3] and 12 km (7 mi) southeast of the city Kladno. It is, with over 13 million passengers in 2016, the busiest airport in the newer EU member states. It serves as a hub for Czech Airlines as well as a base for Travel Service including its subsidiary brand SmartWings, and is also a base for low-cost carriers Wizz Air and Ryanair. The airport is able to handle wide-body aircraft including the Airbus A380 or Boeing 747.

It has a large increase in passenger numbers since 2015 and it's expected that there could be more than 15 million passengers in 2017, which will make a big increase of more than 15% from the year 2016.[citation needed]

The busiest international connections are to Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Amsterdam and Frankfurt and the busiest long-haul connections are to Dubai and Seoul–Incheon.[citation needed]


Old control tower built in 1937 (rear view) – now part of Terminal 4
Old control tower (front view) during the visit of Dwight D. Eisenhower to Prague on 12 October 1945

Prague–Ruzyně Airport began operations on 5 April 1937[citation needed], but Czechoslovak civil aviation history started at the military airport in Prague–Kbely in 1919. The Prague Aviation Museum is now found at Kbely Airport.

Due to insufficient capacity of the Kbely airport in the middle of the 1930s, the Government decided to develop a new State Civil Airport in Ruzyně.[citation needed] One of the major awards Prague Ruzyně Airport received include Diploma and Gold Medal granted in 1937 at the occasion of the International Art and Technical Exhibition in Paris[citation needed] (Exposition Internationale des Arts et Techniques dans la Vie Moderne also known as Paris 1937 World's Fair) for the technical conception of the central airport, primarily the architecture of the check-in building (nowadays known as Terminal 4) designed by architect Adolf Benš[4]

In one of the most dramatic moments in its history, the airport was seized by Soviet paratroopers on the night of 20–21 August 1968, who then facilitated the landing of Soviet troops and transports for the invasion of Czechoslovakia.[citation needed]

Moreover, the Ruzyně fields provide opportunities for further expansion of the airport according to the increasing capacity demand. The airport serves as a hub of the trans-European airport network.

The political and economic changes affected the seventy years of existence of Prague–Ruzyně Airport. Some new air transportation companies and institutions were founded and some ceased operation since then. Ten entities have been responsible for airport administration over time, including the new construction and development. Until the 1990s, there were two or three-decade gaps before the major modernisation of Prague–Ruzyně Airport began to match the current capacity requirements.[citation needed]

The airport stood in for Miami International Airport in the 2006 James Bond film Casino Royale.

An online petition organised by one of the best-known Slovak film directors, Fero Fenič, calling on the government and the Parliament to rename Prague Ruzyně Airport to Václav Havel International Airport attracted – in just one week after 20 December 2011 – the support of over 65,000 signatories both within and outside the Czech Republic.[5] A rendition of the airport with the proposed Václav Havel name in the form of his signature followed by his typical heart symbol suffix was included in the blog's article in support of renaming of the airport.[6] This name change took place on 5 October 2012 on what would have been Havel's 76th birthday. However, the PRG name of the airport for IATA and ICAO will remain the same.

Further development[edit]

View on pier B (Terminal 1) and C (Terminal 2)
Map of facilities, runways and planned expansion
Václav Havel Airport destinations during 2017; dark blue – Czech Republic; blue – scheduled destinations; yellow – seasonal destinations

As the capacity of the airport has been reaching its limit for the last couple of years (as of 2005),[citation needed] further development of the airport is being considered. Besides regular repairs of the existing runways, Prague Airport (Czech: Letiště Praha s.p.) began the preparations for building a new runway, parallel to the 06/24 runway. The construction with estimated costs of CZK 5–7 billion was scheduled to begin in 2007, and the new runway marked 06R/24L (also called the BIS runway) was to be put into service in 2010. However, because of many legal problems and the protests of people who live close to the airport premises, the construction has not yet begun. Despite these problems, the project has support from the government, and is expected to be completed by the end of 2014.[7]

It will be over 3,500 m (11,483 ft) long. Located about 1,500 m (4,921 ft) southeast of the present main runway, the 24L runway will be equipped with a category III ILS, allowing landing and taking off under bad weather conditions.

Prague Airport states that besides increasing the airport capacity, the new runway system will greatly reduce the noise level in some densely inhabited areas of Prague. This should be achieved by reorganising the air traffic space around the airport, and shifting the traffic corridors after putting the two parallel runways into service. The vision of heavy traffic raised many protests from the suburban communities directly surrounding the airport. On 6 November 2004, local referenda were held in two Prague suburbs – Nebušice and Přední Kopanina – giving official support to the local authorities for active opposition against the construction of the parallel runway.

The construction of a railway connection between the airport and Prague city centre is also in the planning stage. The track will be served by express trains with special fares, connecting non-stop the airport with the city centre, and local trains fully integrated into Prague integrated transit system.[8]

General runway reconstruction[edit]

The main runway 06/24 was reconstructed from 2012 - 2013 due to poor technical conditions. During reconstruction, runway 12/30 was the only usable runway as runway 04/22 is closed permanently.[9] The runway reconstruction was originally planned for three stages. The first stage in 2012, the second stage in 2013 and the last stage in 2014. However, runway 12/30 (which would be used during the reconstruction of the main runway) is not equipped for low visibility landings as it offers only ILS CAT I landings. In addition, the approach path of runway 12/30 goes above high-density population areas (such as Prague 6 and Kladno). Therefore, the second and the third stage of the runway reconstruction had to be merged so the works could be finished in 2013.[10][11]



Terminal 1 of Prague Airport
Terminal 2 of Prague Airport

Prague Airport has two main passenger terminals, two general aviation terminals, as well as a cargo facility. Most flights depart Prague Airport from the North Terminals (Terminal 1 and 2). The South Terminals (Terminal 3 and 4) handle a few irregular flights, as well as VIP flights, special flights and small aircraft.

  • Terminal 1 is used for flights outside the Schengen Area; it was opened in 1997, it includes concourses A and B
  • Terminal 2 is used for flights within the Schengen area; it was opened on 17 January 2006, it includes concourses C and D
  • Terminal 3 is used for private and charter flights; it was opened in 1997
  • Terminal 4 is used exclusively for VIP flights and state visits; it is the oldest part of the airport which was opened on 5 April 1937.[citation needed]

There are also two freight terminals, Cargo Terminal 1 is operated by Menzies Aviation Czech while Cargo Terminal 2 is operated by Skyport.


The airport contains two runways in service: 06/24 (till April 1993 07/25) and 12/30 (till May 2012 13/31). Former runway 04/22 is permanently closed for take-offs and landings and is used for taxiing and parking only.[3][9] The most used runway is 24 due to the prevailing western winds. Runway 30 is also used often. Runway 06 is used rarely, while runway 12 is used only exceptionally.


The company operating the airport is Prague Airport (Letiště Praha, a. s.), a joint-stock company that has one shareholder, the Ministry of Finance. The company was founded in February 2008, as part of a privatisation process involving the Airport Prague (Správa Letiště Praha, s.p.) state enterprise. This action was in accordance with the Czech Republic Government Memorandum Nr. 888, which had been passed on 9 July 2008. On 1 December 2008, Prague Airport took all rights and duties formerly held by Správa Letiště Praha, s.p., and Prague Airports took all business authorisations, certificates, employees, and licenses from the former company.[12] The head office of Prague Airport is in Prague 6.[13] The former state-owned enterprise had its head office on the airport property.[14][15]

Airlines and destinations[edit]


In summer season 2017, 66 airlines fly to 154 destinations in Europe, Asia and North America from Prague Airport. It has 10 passenger airlines regularly flying widebody aircraft here, including daily service of Airbus A380 Emirates or Boeing 747-8i Korean Air 4 times a week from Seoul–Incheon.[16] The following airlines operate regular scheduled and charter flights to and from Prague:[17]

Airlines Destinations
Adria Airways Ljubljana
Aegean Airlines Athens
Aer Lingus Dublin
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
operated by Rossiya Airlines
Saint Petersburg
Air Baltic Riga
Air Cairo Hurghada, Marsa Alam[18]
Seasonal: Sharm El Sheikh
Air Canada
operated by Air Canada Rouge
Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Malta Seasonal: Malta
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson[19]
American Airlines Seasonal: Philadelphia (begins 5 May 2018)[20]
Austrian Airlines Vienna
Alitalia Rome–Fiumicino
Belavia Minsk
Blue Air Tel Aviv[21]
British Airways London–Heathrow
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
Brussels Airlines Brussels
Bulgaria Air Sofia
Bulgarian Air Charter Seasonal charter: Burgas, Varna
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong, Xi'an[22]
Croatia Airlines Seasonal: Zagreb
Cyprus Airways Larnaca (begins 1 June 2018)[23]
Czech Airlines Aarhus,[24] Amsterdam, Barcelona, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Copenhagen, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, Friedrichshafen, Gothenburg, Hamburg, Helsinki, Kazan,[25] Kiev–Boryspil, Košice, Lisbon, Madrid, Milan–Malpensa, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Nice, Odessa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Ostrava, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Rostov-on-Don, Saint Petersburg, Samara, Seoul–Incheon, Skopje, Stockholm–Arlanda, Strasbourg,[26] Ufa, Venice, Warsaw–Chopin, Yekaterinburg, Zagreb
Seasonal: Beirut, Bilbao, Hévíz-Balaton, Linköping, Malmö, Malta, Pisa,[27] Porto, Reykjavík–Keflavík,[24] Riyadh, Växjö, Verona[28]
Delta Air Lines Seasonal: New York–JFK
easyJet Amsterdam, Bristol, Edinburgh, London–Gatwick, London–Stansted, Manchester, Milan–Malpensa, Naples, Venice[29]
easyJet Switzerland Basel/Mulhouse
Emirates Dubai–International
Enter Air Seasonal charter: Catania, Funchal, Madrid, Málaga, Palma de Mallorca, Tirana
Eurowings Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Hamburg
operated by Germanwings
Finnair Helsinki
operated by Stobart Air
FlyDubai Dubai–International[31]
Georgian Airways Tbilisi[32]
Hainan Airlines Beijing–Capital, Belgrade[33]
HOP! Lyon
Iberia Madrid
Jet2.com Glasgow, Manchester
Seasonal: Birmingham, East Midlands, Leeds/Bradford, Newcastle upon Tyne
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt
Lufthansa Regional
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
Luxair Seasonal: Luxembourg City[34]
Norwegian Air Shuttle Bergen, Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Seasonal: Stavanger
Pegasus Airlines Istanbul–Sabiha Gökçen[35]
Qatar Airways Doha[36]
RusLine Kaliningrad[37][38]
Ryanair Barcelona, Bergamo, Bologna, Budapest, Charleroi, Dublin, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Kraków, Liverpool, London–Stansted, Madrid, Málaga, Rome–Ciampino, Trapani
S7 Airlines Novosibirsk
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo–Gardermoen, Stockholm–Arlanda
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu[39]
operated by Travel Service
Barcelona, Dubai–International, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, London–Gatwick,[40] Menorca, Moscow–Sheremetyevo, Oujda, Palma de Mallorca, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Rome–Fiumicino, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Seasonal: Ajaccio, Alghero, Alicante, Antalya, Bilbao, Burgas, Cagliari, Catania, Chania, Corfu, Djerba,[41] Dubrovnik, Faro,[18] Funchal,[18] Girona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Karpathos, Kavala, Kos, Lamezia Terme, Larnaca, Lemnos, Lyon, Málaga, Monastir, Mykonos, Naples, Olbia, Preveza, Podgorica, Ras Al Khaimah, Rhodes, Rimini, Samos,[18] Santorini, Seville, Skiathos, Split, Thessaloniki, Tenerife–South, Tirana, Valencia, Varna, Zakynthos
Sprint Air Radom
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva
Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Swiss Global Air Lines
TAP Portugal Lisbon
TAROM Bucharest
Transavia Eindhoven
Transavia France Paris–Orly
Travel Service Seasonal charter: Agadir, Antalya, Aqaba, Bodrum, Girona, Goa, Heraklion, Holguín, Hurghada, Marsa Alam, Mombasa, Monastir, Mykonos, Preveza, Rhodes, Salalah, Sochi, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion, Tenerife–South, Varadero, Zanzibar
Tunisair Seasonal: Tunis
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Ukraine International Airlines Kiev–Boryspil
operated by El Al
Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Ural Airlines Yekaterinburg
Volotea Bordeaux, Nantes, Venice[18]
Seasonal: Marseille,[42] Toulouse[43]
Vueling Barcelona, Paris–Charles de Gaulle,[44] Rome–Fiumicino, Zürich
Wings of Lebanon Beirut
Wizz Air Bari, Bergamo, Kutaisi (begins 17 May 2018),[45][46] London–Luton, Naples,[47] Reykjavík–Keflavík, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion,[48] Treviso
Seasonal: Eilat–Ovda [49]
Yakutia Airlines Krasnodar


Airlines Destinations
Air Cargo Global Hong Kong, Turkmenbashi
ASL Airlines Belgium Brno, Katowice, Liège
ASL Airlines Ireland Paris–Charles de Gaulle
China Airlines Cargo Abu Dhabi, Amsterdam, Bangkok–Suvarnabhumi, Luxembourg, Taipei–Taoyuan
Czech Airlines Belgrade, Chișinău, Sofia
Genex Minsk
UPS Airlines
operated by ASL Airlines Switzerland
Qatar Airways Cargo Budapest, Doha
Silk Way Airlines Baku, Hong Kong
Turkish Airlines Cargo Seasonal: Istanbul–Atatürk, Riga


Annual passenger numbers[edit]

% Change
% Change
2001[50] 6,098,742 29,571
2002[51] 6,314,653 Increase 34,829 Increase
2003[52] 7,463,120 Increase 41,440 Increase
2004[50] 9,696,413 Increase 46,885 Increase
2005[50] 10,777,020 Increase 46,002 Decrease
2006[53] 11,581,511 Increase7.46 54,972 Increase6.27
2007[54] 12,436,254 Increase7.38 55,179 Increase0.38
2008[55] 12,630,557 Increase1.56 47,870 Decrease-13.25
2009[56] 11,643,366 Decrease-7.82 42,476 Decrease-11.27
2010[57] 11,556,858 Decrease-0.74 58,275 Increase37.19
2011[58] 11,788,629 Increase2.01 62,688 Increase7.57
2012[59] 10,807,890 Decrease-8.32 52,977 Decrease-15.49
2013[60] 10,974,196 Increase1.54 51,902 Decrease-2.03
2014[61] 11,149,926 Increase1.60 50,897 Decrease-1.93
2015[62] 12,030,928 Increase7.90 50,595 Decrease-0.59
2016[63] 13,074,517 Increase8.67 71,091 Increase40.51
September YTD[64]
11,783,781 Increase19.21 59,975 Increase18,75

It was the 36th busiest airport in Europe in 2016 and the busiest one in the newer EU member states.

Busiest routes[edit]

The top 15 destinations in 2016 were:[65]

Rank Airport Passengers handled
1 France Paris–Charles de Gaulle 685,161
2 Russia Moscow–Sheremetyevo 662,832
3 Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol 601,343
4 Germany Frankfurt 516,036
5 United Kingdom London–Heathrow 434,020
6 United Arab Emirates Dubai 425,534
7 Israel Tel Aviv 375,010
8 United Kingdom London–Stansted 352,372
9 United Kingdom London–Gatwick 346,058
10 Finland Helsinki 282,080
11 Italy Milan–Malpensa 279,384
12 Italy Rome–Fiumicino Leonardo da Vinci 270,750
13 Belgium Brussels 265,966
14 Spain Barcelona 262,382
15 Turkey Istanbul–Atatürk 257,556
Rank Country 2011 Passengers
1 Germany Germany 1,162,114 passengers
2 United Kingdom United Kingdom 1,138,899 passengers
3 France France 1,017,899 passengers
4 Italy Italy 872,933 passengers
5 Russia Russia 856,849 passengers

Other facilities[edit]

APC Building, the head office of Czech Airlines at Prague Airport

Czech Airlines has its head office, the APC Building,[66] on the grounds of Prague Airport.[67] On 30 December 2009 CSA announced that it will sell its head office to the airport for CZK 607 million.[68]

Travel Service Airlines and its low cost subsidiary Smart Wings have their head office on the airport property.[69][70]

In addition the Civil Aviation Authority also has its head office on the airport property.[71]

Ground transportation[edit]

Buses of DPP, the Prague Public Transit Co., stop at both terminals 1 and 2 frequently.

A Czech Railways public bus service, AE – AirportExpress, connects Terminal 1 with Praha hlavní nádraží.

From bus station in front of Terminal 1 there are also regular buses to Kladno, intercity buses of Regiojet run every 30–60 minutes to Karlovy Vary and Cheb.

Accidents and incidents[edit]

  • On February 19, 1973, Aeroflot Flight 141, during approach a Tupolev Tu-154 crashed half a kilometre short of the airport. While most of the passengers survived the crash many died in the fire that followed. Altogether 66 people died from the 100 passengers and crew. The crash was the first loss of and the first fatal accident involving a Tu-154.[72]
  • On 30 October 1975, Inex-Adria Aviopromet Flight 450, a Douglas DC-9-32 hit high ground during an approach in fog to Prague Ruzyně Airport. 75 of the 120 passengers and crew on board were killed.[73]
  • On 29 March 1989, two teenagers from Czechoslovakia armed with grenades and shotguns hijacked Malév Flight 640 at Prague Ruzyně Airport, and flew the Tupolev Tu-154B with 15 hostages to Frankfurt Airport before surrendering.[74]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Number of passengers including domestic, international and transit


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External links[edit]

Media related to Prague Ruzyně Airport at Wikimedia Commons