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Prague Zoo

Coordinates: 50°07′01″N 14°24′22″E / 50.11694°N 14.40611°E / 50.11694; 14.40611
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Prague Zoo
The main entrance
50°07′01″N 14°24′22″E / 50.11694°N 14.40611°E / 50.11694; 14.40611
Date openedSeptember 28, 1931[1]
LocationU Trojského zámku 3/120, Troja, Prague 7, Prague, 17100, Czech Republic
Land area58 hectares (140 acres)[2]
No. of animals5049 (December 2018)[2]
No. of species676 (December 2018)[2]
MembershipsEAZA,[3] WAZA,[4] IZEA

Prague Zoological Garden (Czech: Zoologická zahrada hl. m. Prahy) is a zoo in Prague, Czech Republic. It was opened in 1931 with the goal to "advance the study of zoology, protect wildlife, and educate the public" in the district of Troja in the north of Prague. In 2013, the zoo occupied 58 hectares (140 acres) with 50 hectares (120 acres)[5] in use for exhibits, and housed around 5,000 animals from 676 species, including 132 species listed as threatened.[2]

The zoo is rated as the seventh best zoo in the world by Forbes Travel Guide in 2007,[6] and is rated as the fifth best in the world by TripAdvisor.[7]

The zoo has contributed significantly to saving Przewalski's horse; for many years, it was the leading breeder of the subspecies. The zoo director is Miroslav Bobek.[8]


The idea for a zoological garden in Prague was first proposed in 1881 in a newspaper article by Count Sweerts-Spork, on the occasion of the marriage of Crown Prince Rudolf of Austria and Princess Stéphanie of Belgium.

Giraffe exposition

In 1919, at a meeting of the advisory board for mathematics and natural sciences at the Ministry of Education and National Enlightenment, a committee was established to start the preparatory work on the establishment of the zoo. The zoo was opened to the public on 28 September 1931 by the founding director Jiří Janda.

In 1938, the first artificially bred Andean condor in the world was hatched and reared, and the first artificially bred polar bear, a female named Ilun, followed in 1942. In 1959 Dr. Zdeněk Veselovský was appointed as director of the zoo. Under his leadership, the zoo achieved some world-class successes in the area of breeding and scientific research.[citation needed]

In 1971 a new pavilion opened for large mammals, including elephants, hippos and rhinos, followed by a big cat pavilion in 1991.

In 2001 the first artificial breeding of a Przewalski's Horse in the world took place at the zoo.

Komodo dragon with keeper Jan Janošek in Prague Zoo. Prague Zoo is leading breeder of Komodo dragons in captivity.

In 2002 Prague suffered the worst floods in its history. A large part of the zoo was flooded and 134 animals died, including an elephant, a lion, a gorilla, and four hippopotamuses. A brown fur seal named Gaston swam the Vltava and Elbe rivers to Dresdon Germany, where Gaston died of exhaustion or injury.[9][10][11] Gaston was memorialized with a statue in the Prague Zoo.[12] However, thanks to a big wave of solidarity and donations, Prague Zoo greatly flourished in the next decade.[13]

In 2004 the country's largest and most expensive animal pavilion, named the "Indonesian Jungle", was opened, and the first Western gorilla was born in Czech Republic, named Moja. This was followed in 2007 by the first breeding of a Komodo dragon in Prague Zoo.[14] In 2009 a new exhibition for brown fur seals was opened, with an enlarged swimming pool and a grandstand. The following year saw a Texas tortoise bred in Europe for the first time.

In 2011 Moja, a western gorilla famous from the multimedia project The Revealed, was moved to Cabarceno Natural Park in Spain. Four Przewalski's horses were transported to Mongolia to be released into the wild as part of Return of the Wild Horses reintroduction and in situ conservation project.

In 2012 the zoo saw its highest number of babies born, numbering 1,557 from 211 species, including the world's first breeding of the crowned river turtle and the rufous-cheeked laughingthrush, as well as Prague Zoo's first breeding of the red panda. In 2013 a large new Elephant Valley pavilion was introduced and the first elephant was born in Prague Zoo, named Sita.[15] The zoo was flooded in June the same year for a second time, but most animals were evacuated in time.

In 2014, a pavilion was opened for 33 critically endangered Chinese giant salamanders, including three adults. The collection features the largest of such salamanders in Europe.[16]

After 13 years of waiting, the zoo is among the three unique zoos in the world, which have a breeding pair of Lesser Antillean iguana.[17]

In 2023, the Zoo saw the first birth of a Chinese Pangolin in captivity. The pangolin was born in February and weighed in at 135 grams. The birth gives hope that the creature can be rescued from its current status on the endangered species list.[18]



  1. ^ "History of the Zoo". zoopraha.cz. Prague Zoo. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d "The Zoo in Numbers".
  3. ^ "EAZA Member Zoos & Aquariums". eaza.net. EAZA. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  4. ^ "Zoos and Aquariums of the World". waza.org. WAZA. Retrieved 23 June 2011.
  5. ^ "Mapa Zoo Praha". zoopraha.cz. Retrieved 2019-04-16.
  6. ^ "6 hours Troja Chateau and Prague Zoo Private Tour by boat in Prague, Czech Republic". Lonely Planet.
  7. ^ "Best Zoos - the World - TripAdvisor Travelers' Choice Awards". Tripadvisor. Retrieved 27 August 2017.
  8. ^ "Director".
  9. ^ "Prague's rescued seal dies". BBC. 20 August 2002.
  10. ^ "Sorrow as 'hero' flood seal dies". CNN. 21 August 2002.
  11. ^ "Tragic Ending for Great Seal Escape". Deutsche Welle. 20 August 2002. Archived from the original on 26 October 2012.
  12. ^ "Gaston the Sea Lion - Prague, Czech Republic". Waymarking.com. May 5, 2009. Retrieved 11 October 2021.
  13. ^ "Povodně 2002: Záplavy nepřežilo 134 zvířat z pražské zoo". iDNES.cz. 16 August 2012.
  14. ^ "Komodo Dragons Thrive in Prague Zoo".
  15. ^ "Baby elephant born in Prague Zoo". zoopraha.cz. Prague Zoo. 11 February 2013. Archived from the original on 21 February 2013. Retrieved 12 May 2013.
  16. ^ "Zoo Praha ukáže největšího velemloka v Evropě". Novinky.cz.
  17. ^ "Po 13 letech čekání patří Zoo Praha mezi tři unikátní zahrady na světě". National Geographic Česko.
  18. ^ "1st baby pangolin in Europe born in Prague zoo, doing well". AP NEWS. 2023-02-23. Retrieved 2023-02-26.

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