Praha hlavní nádraží

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Prague main railway station
Praha hlavní nádraží (Czech)
Elektrická jednotka 680, Praha hlavní nádraží, s budovou.jpg
Prague main train station - Praha hlavní nádraží.
Location Czech Republic
Owned by České dráhy
SŽDC
Platforms 8
Construction
Architect Vojtěch Ignác Ullmann
Antonín Viktor Barvitius
Josef Fanta
History
Opened 14 December 1871; 144 years ago (1871-12-14)
Rebuilt 1901–1909
1972–1979
Electrified 1926–1928

Praha hlavní nádraží (English: Prague main railway station, abbreviated Praha hl.n) is the largest and most important railway station in Prague in the Czech Republic. It was originally opened in 1871 and named Franz Josef Station after Franz Joseph I of Austria. During the First Republic and from 1945 to 1953 the station was called Wilson Station (Czech: 'Wilsonovo nádraží') after former President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson. His statue stood in the park in front of the station before being torn down by German authorities when the U.S. entered the war in 1941.[1] A new statue of Wilson was installed in 2012. In 2010, the station served 132,560 trains and 22 million passengers.[2]

Overview[edit]

The Art Nouveau station building and station hall were built between 1901 and 1909, designed by Czech architect, Josef Fanta, on the site of the old dismantled Neo-Renaissance station. The station was extended by a new terminal building, built between 1972 and 1979, including an underground station and a main road on the roof of the terminal. The new terminal building claimed a large part of the park, and the construction of the road cut off the neo-renaissance station hall from the town. In 2011 a partial refurbishment of the station was completed by Italian company Grandi Stazioni,[3] which has leased retail space for 30 years from 2002.[4] In 2016 Grandi Stazioni has lost the concession after failing to complete the renovation of the historic building by the extended contractual deadline.[5]

The station was the embarkation point for the children evacuated by Nicholas Winton who were evacuated to London Liverpool Street station via the Port of Harwich. In 2009 a statue was unveiled on platform 1 commemorating this.

Train services[edit]

The former main entrance, now the entrance to Fanta's Cafe (Fantova Kavárna)

Long-distance services[edit]

The station is an international transport hub, handling services to Germany (Munich, Bavaria-Bohemia RE (Regio-Express) services, and EuroCity/EuroNight services to Berlin, Dresden and Hamburg), Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Serbia, and Croatia in summer. Services are operated by express trains, and also by ČD Class 680 Pendolino. Services to Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Poland are also operated by open - access train operators LEO Express and RegioJet and Arriva vlaky

Regional services[edit]

In addition to the international services, trains serve most of the larger Czech cities, such as Brno, Plzeň, České Budějovice and Olomouc.

Suburban services[edit]

The station is served by most of the Esko Prague lines which are not dispatched from the nearby Masaryk Railway station.

Preceding station   České dráhy   Following station
Terminus   City Night Line
CNL Phoenix/Canopus
  Praha-Holešovice
toward Amsterdam and Zurich
Terminus   EuroNight
EN Slovakia
  Kolín
toward Košice
Turning point   EuroNight
EN Metropol
  Praha-Holešovice
toward Berlin
    Pardubice hl.n.
toward Budapest
Praha-Smíchov
toward Františkovy Lázně
  Supercity Pendolino   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Ostrava
Terminus    
Terminus Railjet
toward Graz
Turning point or terminus   EuroCity   Praha-Holešovice
toward Berlin
    Kolín
toward Brno or Olomouc
Praha-Smíchov
toward Munich
  Arriva-Länderbahn-Express   Terminus
Praha-Smíchov
toward Plzeň or Písek
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Praha-Smíchov
Terminus
  Regional fast trains   Praha-Libeň
toward Pardubice
Terminus    
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Libeň
toward Havlíčkův Brod
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Holešovice
toward Chomutov
Praha-Vršovice
toward České Budějovice
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Vysočany
toward Hradec Králové
Preceding station   Esko Prague   Following station
Terminus
S3
R3
toward Tanvald
Terminus R4
toward Hostivice
S65 Terminus
toward Beroun
S7 Terminus
toward Úvaly
toward Čerčany
S8 Terminus
toward Dobříš
S80
S9
Terminus
Terminus
Preceding station   Leo Express   Following station
Terminus   Leo Express   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Bohumín
Preceding station   RegioJet   Following station
Terminus   IC RegioJet   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Havířov

Bus services[edit]

In front of the main station building are situated bus stops towards Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, Tábor and other Czech cities. Also Airport Express bus service to Václav Havel Airport Prague maintained by České dráhy departs from Wilsonova street in front of the historical building.

Local transport[edit]

The station is served by the Prague Metro's Line C, and numerous tram routes call outside the station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Coordinates: 50°4′59″N 14°26′09″E / 50.08306°N 14.43583°E / 50.08306; 14.43583