Praha hlavní nádraží

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Prague main railway station
Praha hlavní nádraží (in Czech)
Praha hlavní nádraží (celkový pohled).jpg
Prague main train station - Praha hlavní nádraží.
LocationPrague
Czech Republic
Owned byČeské dráhy
SŽDC
Platforms8
Construction
ArchitectVojtěch Ignác Ullmann
Antonín Viktor Barvitius
Josef Fanta
History
Opened14 December 1871; 146 years ago (1871-12-14)
Rebuilt1901–1909
1972–1979
Electrified1926–1928

Praha hlavní nádraží (English: Prague main railway station, abbreviated Praha hl.n) is the largest and most important railway station in Prague in the Czech Republic. Located in Vinohrady, it was originally opened in 1871 and named Franz Josef Station after Franz Joseph I of Austria. During the First Republic and from 1945 to 1948 the station was called Wilson Station (Czech: Wilsonovo nádraží) after former President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson. His statue stood in the park in front of the station before being torn down by German authorities when the U.S. entered the war in 1941.[1] A new statue of Wilson was installed in 2012. In 2014, the station served 224,505 trains (610 daily) And every day it serves more than 100 000 passengers + additional 46 000 passengers using S-lines suburban trains[2][3] (more than 53 000 000 yearly)

Overview[edit]

Interior of the new Terminal building completed in 1977, refurbished in 2011

The Art Nouveau station building and station hall were built between 1901 and 1909, designed by Czech architect, Josef Fanta, on the site of the old dismantled Neo-Renaissance station designed by Czech architects Antonín Viktor Barvitius and Vojtěch Ignác Ullmann.[4]

The station was extended by a new terminal building, built between 1972 and 1979, including an underground metro station and a main road on the roof of the terminal. The new terminal building claimed a large part of the park, and the construction of the road cut off the neo-renaissance station hall from the town.

In 2011 a partial refurbishment of the station was completed by Italian company Grandi Stazioni,[5] which has leased retail space for 30 years from 2002.[6] In 2016 Grandi Stazioni has lost the concession after failing to complete the renovation of the historic building by the extended contractual deadline.[7]

The station was the embarkation point for the children evacuated by Nicholas Winton who were evacuated to London Liverpool Street station via the Port of Harwich. In 2009 a statue was unveiled on platform 1 commemorating this.

Train services[edit]

The former main entrance, now the entrance to Fanta's Cafe (Fantova Kavárna)
Look into the main hall of the Art-Nouveau station building (Fantova budova)

Long-distance services[edit]

The station is an international transport hub, handling services to Germany (Munich, Bavaria-Bohemia RE (Regio-Express) services, and EuroCity/EuroNight services to Berlin, Dresden and Hamburg), Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Serbia, Russian Federation, Ukraine and Croatia in summer. Services are operated by express trains, and also by ČD Class 680 Pendolino. Services to Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Poland are also operated by open-access train operators LEO Express, RegioJet and Arriva.

Regional services[edit]

In addition to the international services, trains serve most of the larger Czech cities, such as Brno, Plzeň, České Budějovice and Olomouc.

Suburban services[edit]

The station is served by most of the Esko Prague lines which are not dispatched from the nearby Masaryk Railway station.

Preceding station   České dráhy   Following station
Terminus   EuroNight   Tábor
toward Zurich
Terminus   EuroNight
EN Slovakia
  Kolín
toward Košice
Terminus   EuroNight
EN Bohemia
  Kolín
toward Humenné
Turning point   EuroNight
EN Metropol
  Praha-Holešovice
toward Berlin
    Pardubice hl.n.
toward Budapest
Praha-Smíchov
toward Františkovy Lázně
  Supercity Pendolino   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Ostrava
Terminus    
TerminusRailjet
toward Graz
Turning point or terminus   EuroCity   Praha-Holešovice
toward Hamburg-Altona
    Kolín
toward Brno or Olomouc
Praha-Smíchov
toward Munich
  Die Länderbahn   Terminus
Praha-Smíchov
toward Plzeň or Písek
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Praha-Smíchov
Terminus
  Regional fast trains   Praha-Libeň
toward Pardubice
Terminus    
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Libeň
toward Havlíčkův Brod
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Holešovice
toward Chomutov
Praha-Vršovice
toward České Budějovice
  Regional fast trains   Terminus
Terminus   Regional fast trains   Praha-Vysočany
toward Hradec Králové
Preceding station   Esko Prague   Following station
Terminus
S3
R3
toward Tanvald
TerminusR4
toward Hostivice
S65Terminus
toward Beroun
S7Terminus
toward Úvaly
toward Čerčany
S8Terminus
toward Dobříš
S80
S9
Terminus
Terminus
Preceding station   Leo Express   Following station
Terminus   Leo Express   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Bohumín
Preceding station   RegioJet   Following station
Terminus   IC RegioJet   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Havířov
Preceding station   Arriva   Following station
Terminus   ARRIVA expres (AEx)   Pardubice hl.n.
toward Nitra
Čerčany
toward Český Krumlov
  ARRIVA expres (AEx)   Terminus

Bus services[edit]

In front of the main station building are situated bus stops towards Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, Tábor and other Czech cities. Also Airport Express bus service to Václav Havel Airport Prague maintained by České dráhy departs from Wilsonova street in front of the historical building.

Panoramic view of the entrance hall

Local transport[edit]

The station is served by the Prague Metro's Line C, and numerous tram routes call outside the station.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wilson monument to be restored to Prague 70 years after being torn down by Nazis". Radio Prague. 30 April 2009.
  2. ^ "Česká republika - vlaková nádraží". www.goeuro.cz. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  3. ^ "Přehledně: Nejvytíženější pražská nádraží a tratě. Počty cestujících vzrostly o 14%". Zdopravy.cz (in Czech). 2018-01-23. Retrieved 2018-11-30.
  4. ^ Pavel Schreier. "Čekárny na nádražích i pro honoraci". cd.cz.
  5. ^ "Czech station lease signed". Railway Gazette International. 1 February 2004.
  6. ^ "Presidential opening for Praha Hlavní". Railway Gazette International. 29 May 2011.
  7. ^ UK, DVV Media. "Grandi Stazioni loses Praha concession". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2016-11-24.

Coordinates: 50°4′59″N 14°26′09″E / 50.08306°N 14.43583°E / 50.08306; 14.43583