Praha hlavní nádraží
Prague main train station - Praha hlavní nádraží.
České dráhy |
Vojtěch Ignác Ullmann |
Antonín Viktor Barvitius
|Opened||14 December 1871|
Praha hlavní nádraží (English: Prague main railway station, abbreviated Praha hl.n) is the largest and most important railway station in Prague in the Czech Republic. Located in Vinohrady, it was originally opened in 1871 and named Franz Josef Station after Franz Joseph I of Austria. During the First Republic and from 1945 to 1948 the station was called Wilson Station (Czech: Wilsonovo nádraží) after former President of the United States, Woodrow Wilson. His statue stood in the park in front of the station before being torn down by German authorities when the U.S. entered the war in 1941. A new statue of Wilson was installed in 2012. In 2014, the station served 224,505 trains and 27 million passengers.
The Art Nouveau station building and station hall were built between 1901 and 1909, designed by Czech architect, Josef Fanta, on the site of the old dismantled Neo-Renaissance station designed by Czech architects Antonín Viktor Barvitius and Vojtěch Ignác Ullmann.
The station was extended by a new terminal building, built between 1972 and 1979, including an underground metro station and a main road on the roof of the terminal. The new terminal building claimed a large part of the park, and the construction of the road cut off the neo-renaissance station hall from the town.
In 2011 a partial refurbishment of the station was completed by Italian company Grandi Stazioni, which has leased retail space for 30 years from 2002. In 2016 Grandi Stazioni has lost the concession after failing to complete the renovation of the historic building by the extended contractual deadline.
The station was the embarkation point for the children evacuated by Nicholas Winton who were evacuated to London Liverpool Street station via the Port of Harwich. In 2009 a statue was unveiled on platform 1 commemorating this.
The station is an international transport hub, handling services to Germany (Munich, Bavaria-Bohemia RE (Regio-Express) services, and EuroCity/EuroNight services to Berlin, Dresden and Hamburg), Poland, Slovakia, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Serbia, Russian Federation, Ukraine and Croatia in summer. Services are operated by express trains, and also by ČD Class 680 Pendolino. Services to Moravia, Silesia, Slovakia and Poland are also operated by open-access train operators LEO Express, RegioJet and Arriva.
|Preceding station||České dráhy||Following station|
toward Františkovy Lázně
|Supercity Pendolino||Pardubice hl.n.|
|Turning point or terminus||EuroCity||Praha-Holešovice|
toward Brno or Olomouc
toward Plzeň or Písek
|Regional fast trains||Terminus|
|Regional fast trains||Praha-Libeň|
|Terminus||Regional fast trains||Praha-Libeň|
toward Havlíčkův Brod
|Terminus||Regional fast trains||Praha-Holešovice|
toward České Budějovice
|Regional fast trains||Terminus|
|Terminus||Regional fast trains||Praha-Vysočany|
toward Hradec Králové
|Preceding station||Esko Prague||Following station|
toward Děčín hl.n.
|Preceding station||Leo Express||Following station|
|Terminus||Leo Express||Pardubice hl.n.|
|Preceding station||RegioJet||Following station|
|Terminus||IC RegioJet||Pardubice hl.n.|
|Preceding station||Arriva||Following station|
|Terminus||ARRIVA expres (AEx)||Pardubice hl.n.|
toward Český Krumlov
|ARRIVA expres (AEx)||Terminus|
In front of the main station building are situated bus stops towards Český Krumlov, České Budějovice, Tábor and other Czech cities. Also Airport Express bus service to Václav Havel Airport Prague maintained by České dráhy departs from Wilsonova street in front of the historical building.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Prague Main railway station.|
- "Wilson monument to be restored to Prague 70 years after being torn down by Nazis". Radio Prague. 30 April 2009.
- Ročenka dopravy Praha 2014 (PDF). Prague: Technická správa komunikací hl. m. Prahy. 2015.
- Pavel Schreier. "Čekárny na nádražích i pro honoraci". cd.cz.
- "Czech station lease signed". Railway Gazette International. 1 February 2004.
- "Presidential opening for Praha Hlavní". Railway Gazette International. 29 May 2011.
- UK, DVV Media. "Grandi Stazioni loses Praha concession". Railway Gazette. Retrieved 2016-11-24.