Prahaar missile launched from a Road Mobile System
|Type||Tactical ballistic missile|
|Place of origin||India|
|Used by||Indian Army
Indian Air Force
|Manufacturer||Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO)
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL)
|Warhead||Conventional or tactical nuclear weapon, 200 kg|
|Flight altitude||35 km |
|Speed||Mach 2.03 (2,486.84 km/h) (average speed)|
|Inertial navigation, terminal active radar homing|
|Accuracy||10 m CEP (latest version)|
|8 x 8 Tatra Transporter Erector launcher|
Prahaar (Sanskrit:प्रहार, Strike) is a solid-fuel rocket surface-to-surface guided short-range tactical ballistic missile for battlefield use developed by DRDO of India. It will be equipped with omnidirectional warheads[clarification needed] and could be used for striking both tactical and strategic targets. Replacement for Prithvi-I.
Development and history
Prahaar is developed to provide a cost effective, quick reaction, all-weather, all-terrain, highly accurate battlefield support tactical weapon system. The development of the missile was carried out by the DRDO scientists in a span of less than two years. The missile fills the short-range tactical battlefield missile role as required by the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force, to take out strategic and tactical targets. The mobile launch platform will carry six missiles, which can have different kind of warheads meant for different targets and can be fired in salvo mode in all directions covering the entire azimuth plane.
This solid-fuelled missile can be launched within 2–3 minutes without any preparation, providing significantly better reaction time than liquid-fuelled Prithvi ballistic missiles and act as a gap filler in the 150 km (93 mi) range, between the Pinaka Multi Barrel Rocket Launcher and Smerch MBRL in one end and the Prithvi ballistic missiles on the other.
Prahar was test-fired successfully on 21 July 2011 from the Integrated Test Range (ITR) at Chandipur. During the test Prahar travelled a distance of 150 km (93 mi) in about 250 seconds meeting all launch objectives and striking pre-designated target in the Bay of Bengal with a high degree of accuracy of less than 10 m (33 ft).
The Export Variant of the System is Pragati surface to surface missile. It was unveiled for the first time by DRDO at ADEX 2013 in Seoul, South Korea. The Export version of Prahaar known as "Pragati" is readied for export by DRDO in November 2014.
- Press Trust Of India (21 July 2011). "India successfully test-fires Prahaar missile". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- Y. Mallikarjun (3 July 2011). "News / National : India all set to test new short-range tactical missile". The Hindu. India. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- "Press Information Bureau English Releases". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "New short-range missile test July-end". The Asian Age. India. 3 July 2011. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- Y. Mallikarjun. "India all set to test new short-range tactical missile". The Hindu. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Prahaar Missile to be test-fired on Sunday – southindia – Orissa – ibnlive". Ibnlive.in.com. Retrieved 20 October 2011.
- "Short-range 'Prahar' missile test successful". NDTV.com. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Prahaar missile test-fired successfully". Zee News. Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- India Successfully tests short range ballistic missile
- "India develops new surface-to-surface missile 'Pragati'". India Today. 29 October 2013. Retrieved 28 November 2013.
- "Tactical Missile Pragati Readied for Export". Indian Express. 5 Nov 2014.