Pralhad Keshav Atre

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Prahlad Keshav Atre
PralhadKeshavAtreImg.jpg
BornAugust 13, 1898
DiedJune 13, 1969(1969-06-13) (aged 70)
Other namesAcharya Atre
EducationBachelor of Arts
Alma materUniversity of Pune
University of London
Occupation
Spouse(s)Kashibai
Ms. Godavari Munge

Prahlad Keshav Atre (About this soundpronunciation ) (13 August 1898 – 13 June 1969), popularly known as Āchārya Atre, was a prominent Marathi writer, poet, educationist, founder–editor of Maratha (a Marathi language newspaper), and above all, a noted orator.

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Acharya Atre was born on 13 August 1898 in a Deshastha Brahmin[1] family of Kodit Khurd, a village near Saswad in Pune district. His father was a clerk and also a secretary of Saswad Municipality for a brief period . Atre completed his primary school education in Jaswad. He matriculated from Fergusson college in 1919. He completed Bachelor of Arts from University of Pune. After graduation Atre took up a career as a school teacher. Atre did his T. D. (teacher's diploma) from the University of London in 1928.[2] Before returning to India he studied Experimental Psychology under Cyril Burt and taught at Harrow.[3]

Film and theatre career[edit]

His Marathi film, Shyamchi Aai won the 1954 National Film Award for Best Feature Film.[4] Atre wrote seven plays; some of them had a humorous theme while others, a serious one. All of them received high public acclaim. His comedy-play, Moruchi Mavshi was later adapted into Hindi film, Aunty No. 1 (1998), starring Govinda and Raveena Tandon. His movie Mahatma Phule (1955) received the President's Silver Medal.

Writing and Publishing[edit]

Atre was the founder–editor of four Marathi newspapers. Two of them had a short life. But the other two, Maratha and (Weekly) Navayug, ran for many years with a large circulation.

Political career[edit]

However his ambition of becoming a member of the Indian Parliament could not be fulfilled as he lost these elections.

Important works[edit]

Plays[edit]

  • Sāshtāng Namaskār (1935)
  • Gharābāher (1934)
  • Bhramāchā Bhopalā (1935)
  • Udyāchā Sansār (1936)
  • Lagnāchi Bedi (1936)
  • Moruchi Māwashi (1947) a Marathi comedy play
  • To Mi Navhech (1962)

Novels, Biographies, and Essays[edit]

  • Chāngunā (1954)
  • Battāshi Wa Itar Kathā (1954)
  • Mahātmā Jyotibā Phule (1958)
  • Suryāsta (1964) (On the life of Jawaharlal Nehru)
  • Samādhiwaril Ashru (1956)
  • Kelyāne Deshātan (1961)
  • Atre Uwāch (1937)
  • Lalit Wāngmaya (1944)
  • Hashā Āni Tālyā (1958)

Poetry[edit]

  • Zenduuchi Phule (1925)

Autobiographical Works

  • Karheche Pāni (5 volumes)(1963, '64, '65, '67, and '68)
  • Mi Kasā Jhālo (1953)

Movies[edit]

  • Brahmachari (1938)
  • Shyāmchi Aai (1953)
  • Premveer (Script writer)
  • Dharmveer (Script writer)
  • Brandichi Bātali (Script writer)
  • Paayaachi Daasi (Hindi: Charanon Ki Daasi). Producer.
  • Mahātmā Phule
  • Parinde (Hindi, Director under name of Principal Atre) (1945)

Journalism[edit]

  • Founder/Editor of (weekly) Sāptāhik Navyug (1940–1962) and Tukārām (1954)
  • Evening newspaper Jai Hind (1948)
  • Daily Marāthā (1956 – Till the end)

Honors[edit]

  • President of 38th Natya Sammelan at Belgaon (1955)
  • President of 10th Maharashatra Patrakar Sammelan (1950)
  • President of Regional Sahitya Sammelan at Baroda, Indore and Gwalior
  • In his honor there is an Acharya atre bhavan in Saswad

Awards[edit]

National Film Awards (India)

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Illustrated Weekly of India, Volume 95. Bennett, Coleman & Company, Limited, at the Times of India Press. 1974. p. 31. Marathi literature is strewn with Deshastha writers. Some of the luminaries are B. S. Murdhekar, the neo classical poet and critic; the popular dramatists Acharya P. K. Atre, V.V.Shirwadkar; the poet and story writer G.D.Madgulkar popularly known as the "Modern Walmiki” of Maharashtra, Sahitya Akademi Award winners G. T. Deshpande, Laxmanshastri Joshi, S. N. Banhatti, V. K. Gokak and Mugali all belong to this community.
  2. ^ Jaquir Iqbal. Sunita Deshpande (ed.). Encyclopedic dictionary of Marathi literature. Global Vision Publishing House. p. 37-38. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
  3. ^ Ashish Rajadhyaksha; Paul Willemen. Encyclopedia of Indian Cinema. Routledge. p. 47. Retrieved 10 July 2014.
  4. ^ Awards IMDb
  5. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON – GENERAL ELECTION, 1962 – TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF MAHARASHTR" (PDF). Retrieved 7 June 2012.
  6. ^ "1st National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 21 August 2011.
  7. ^ "2nd National Film Awards" (PDF). Directorate of Film Festivals. Retrieved 10 March 2012.
  • Prahlad Keshav Atre, by A. N. Pednekar. Sahitya Akademi Publications. ISBN 81-260-1570-5.

External links[edit]