Prairie Grove, Arkansas
Prairie Grove, Arkansas
|City of Prairie Grove|
|Incorporated||July 9, 1888|
|• Mayor||Sonny Hudson|
|• Total||9.33 sq mi (24.16 km2)|
|• Land||9.28 sq mi (24.04 km2)|
|• Water||0.05 sq mi (0.12 km2)|
|Elevation||1,165 ft (355 m)|
|• Density||759.08/sq mi (293.08/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (Central)|
|GNIS feature ID||0078091|
Prairie Grove is a city in Washington County, Arkansas, United States. The population was 4,380 at the 2010 Census. It is part of the Northwest Arkansas region, and home to Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park.
Prairie Grove was the site of the Battle of Prairie Grove during the American Civil War. Confederate forces under General Thomas C. Hindman attempted to prevent the juncture of two Federal forces under Generals James G. Blunt and Francis J. Herron. The result of the battle was a tactical stalemate which assured permanent Union control of northwest Arkansas. The battlefield is now a State Military Park.
The Natural Resources Defense Council released an issue paper stating between that 1997 and 2001, Prairie Grove was the center of a cluster of testicular cancer cases. No clear cause has been identified but the NRDC notes the town is near a closed nuclear reactor and a low-level radioactive landfill. Arsenic from industrialized chicken manure is another possible source. In 2004, residents sued one of the poultry farms and the poultry feed manufacturer for spreading contaminated manure throughout Prairie Grove. The lawsuit did not assign blame and the cause of the cancer cluster has never been definitively determined.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2.1 square miles (5.4 km2), all land.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
|Black or African American (non-Hispanic)||52||0.74%|
|Hispanic or Latino||455||6.46%|
As of the 2020 United States census, there were 7,045 people, 2,175 households, and 1,596 families residing in the city.
As of the census of 2010, there were 4,380 people, 1,658 households, and 1,197 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 91.08% White, 0.80% Black or African American, 2.90% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.50% from other races, and 2.10% from two or more races. 4.50% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 1,658 households, out of which 36.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.1% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 40.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 24.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.11.
Arts and culture
The annual Clothesline Fair has taken place in Prairie Grove to celebrate local artists and craftspeople since 1951. An early fair merged with popular Labor Day festivities and annual reunions of the descendants of Confederate soldiers that took place at Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park. A Square dance has been included since 1958, now known as the Peggy Parks Memorial Square Dance Competition.
The two most well known attractions in Prairie Grove are the Prairie Grove Battlefield State Park and the Telephone Booth, a working c. 1960 phonebooth across the street from the park. The city also has several historical buildings including North Mock Street as well as the Southern Mercantile Building.
Prairie Grove School District is separated into four different schools; Prairie Grove Elementary, Middle, Junior High and High School facilities. The school mascot is The Tigers. The school colors are Black, Gold, and White.
- Jalen Beeks, pitcher for Arkansas Razorbacks baseball from 2013 to 2014, and in Major League Baseball from 2018–present
- Mark Martin, Arkansas Secretary of State from 2011 to 2019 and member of the Arkansas House of Representatives for part of Washington County from 2005 to 2011; Prairie Grove resident
- Margaret Pittman, a noted bacteriologist known for her work in helping to formulate and test the effectiveness of the whooping cough vaccine, as well as groundbreaking research into the immunology and microbiology of infectious diseases. She was born near Prairie Grove in 1902.
- List of municipalities in Arkansas
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Washington County, Arkansas
- "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 29, 2021.
- U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Prairie Grove, Arkansas
- History of Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties, Arkansas. Higginson Book Company. 1889. p. 321.
- History of Benton, Washington, Carroll, Madison, Crawford, Franklin, and Sebastian Counties, Arkansas. Higginson Book Company. 1889. p. 265.
- Holtmeyer, Dan (May 21, 2018). "Lone turbine in Prairie Grove a remnant of Arkansas wind power". Arkansas Online. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
- "Health Alert: Disease Clusters Spotlight the Need to Protect People from Toxic Chemicals" (PDF). Nrdc.org. Retrieved May 12, 2016.
- Kirby, David (March 30, 2011). "Arsenic in Chicken Feed: A Possible Cancer Cluster Source?". Huffington Post.
- Urban, Peter. "Senate hearing on cancer clusters Tuesday". arkansasnews. Archived from the original on October 25, 2014. Retrieved September 18, 2014.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved January 1, 2022.
- "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
- Staff of the Arts Center of the Ozarks (September 1, 2021). "Confederate Reunion Evolved Into Clothesline Fair". Washington County Enterprise-Leader. Farmington, Arkansas: Northwest Arkansas Newspapers LLC. p. 1B. OCLC 401725818.
- "National Register Information System – Prairie Grove Airlight Outdoor Telephone Booth (#15000291)". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. November 2, 2013. Retrieved December 27, 2019.