Prakirnaka Sutra

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The Prakirnaka Sutras , in short Prakirnaka are the "Holy Text"s (of Jainism) fourth part, called the "Complimentarys", the "Angabahya", The translation of "Prakirnaka Sutras" is "Various texts" or "Collection of Miscellaneous Texts". Only ten of the twenty Prakirnaka are recognized by the Shvetambara, which are the actual majority of Jain believers.[1] These Sutras deal with the "Great Virtues", the Mahavratas,and death. They also name hymns and prayers.

Presumably the texts were written between the VI and XIII< century A.D.[2]

The content[edit]

The " Prakirnaka Sutras " content:[3]

  1. Chatuh shravan- prayers to Arihant, Sidha, Sadhu.
  2. Atur pratyakhyana or Ayurpachakhana This " agama "[A 1] explaining prayer and death depending on age.
  3. Bhakti parijna or Bhatta parinna explains how to do fasting.
  4. Sanstaraka or Santara
  5. Tandulavaitaliya Talks about pregnancy and information about the human body.
  6. Chandra vedhyaka (Candra-vedhyaka *)
  7. Devendrastava This part lists up the devas,[A 2] their palaces and their ranking, also it explains the stars, the planets, the moon and the sun.[4]
  8. Ganita vidhya (Gaṇi-vidyā*)
  9. Mahapratyakhyana Advice how to become free from sin and how to repent.
  10. Virstava
  11. Shvetambhara Murtipujaka(

* Name used by Nalini Balbir[5]

Annotations[edit]

  1. ^ Agamas are Holy Texts in Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism.
  2. ^ Deva in Jainism is a term used for heavenly beings

See also[edit]

Literature[edit]

  • Paul Dundas (1992). Routledge (ed.). The Jains. London, New York. ISBN 0-415-26606-8.
  • Flügel, Peter; Qvarnström, Olle (2015). Routledge (ed.). Jaina scriptures and philosophy. London, New York. ISBN 9781138839892.

External links[edit]

Réferences[edit]

  1. ^ "Jainpedia Prakīrṇaka-sūtras ( Nalini Balbir)". Retrieved 2017-04-09.
  2. ^ Natubhai Shah. Jainism The World of Conquerors'. II. pp. 17–18. ISBN 812081939X.
  3. ^ "Jainism" (PDF). Retrieved 2017-03-31.
  4. ^ Baya, D S (2006). Agam Ahimsa Samta Evam Prakrit (ed.). "Devindatthao Devendrastava" (PDF).
  5. ^ "svetambara canon/prakirnaka- sutras".