Ak Yum

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Ak Yum
Ruin of the temple
Ruin of the temple
Ak Yum is located in Cambodia
Ak Yum
Ak Yum
Location within Cambodia
Geography
Coordinates 13°25′28″N 103°46′36″E / 13.42444°N 103.77667°E / 13.42444; 103.77667
Country Cambodia
Province Siem Reap
Locale Angkor
Culture
Primary deity Gambhiresvara
Architecture
Architectural styles Khmer (Kompong Preah style[1])
History and governance
Date built 2nd half of the 8th century AD

Ak Yum (Khmer: ប្រាសាទអកយំ) is an ancient temple in the Angkor region of Cambodia.[2]:350,352 Unfortunately, there is no clear evidence of which Khmer king built it or of which king modified it. Stone carrying inscriptions, including one with a date corresponding to Saturday 10 June 674 AD during the reign of king Jayavarman I. One inscription dated to the very beginning of the 11th century, shows that the temple dedicated to Gambhiresvara "God of the Depths" or "Hidden Knowledge".[3] The first structure on the site was a single-chamber brick sanctuary, probably constructed in the latter part of the 8th century, scholars believe. Later it was remade into a larger stepped pyramid structure, with a base approximately 100 meters square. The expansion probably took place in the early 9th Century during the reign of King Jayavarman II, who is widely recognized as the founder of the Khmer Empire. When the West Baray reservoir was built in the 11th Century, Ak Yum was partially buried by the southern dike.

The site was excavated in the 1932 under the direction of archaeologist George Trouvé.

A number of bronze statuettes have been found here, both Brahmanic and Buddhist (the latter including Lokesvara and Maitreya).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ancient Angkor guide book, by Michael Freeman and Claude Jacques, p.30, published in 2003
  2. ^ Higham, C., 2014, Early Mainland Southeast Asia, Bangkok: River Books Co., Ltd., ISBN 9786167339443
  3. ^ Ancient Angkor guide book, by Michael Freeman and Claude Jacques, p.189, published in 2003
  • Higham, Charles. The Civilization of Angkor. University of California Press 2001. p. 96

Coordinates: 13°25′29″N 103°46′37″E / 13.4246°N 103.777°E / 13.4246; 103.777