Prasophyllum subbisectum

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Pomonal leek orchid
Prasophyllum subbisectum.jpg
Prasophyllum subbisectum growing near Ararat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Order: Asparagales
Family: Orchidaceae
Subfamily: Orchidoideae
Tribe: Diurideae
Subtribe: Prasophyllinae
Genus: Prasophyllum
Species: P. subbisectum
Binomial name
Prasophyllum subbisectum

Prasophyllum subbisectum, commonly known as the Pomonal leek orchid, is a species of orchid endemic to Victoria. It has a single, thin tubular leaf and up to fifteen small, greenish-brown to brown flowers well-spaced along a thin flowering stem. It is only known from a small area around Stawell.

Description[edit]

Prasophyllum subbisectum is a terrestrial, perennial, deciduous, herb with an underground tuber and a single tube-shaped leaf 100–150 mm (4–6 in) long and 2–4 mm (0.08–0.2 in) wide. Between seven and fifteen flowers are well-spaced along a flowering stem 60–100 mm (2–4 in) long which reaches to a height of 150–300 mm (6–10 in). The flowers are greenish-brown to brown and as with others in the genus, are inverted so that the labellum is above the column rather than below it. The dorsal sepal is lance-shaped to egg-shaped, 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) long, about 3 mm (0.1 in) wide and curves downward. The lateral sepals are 7–8 mm (0.28–0.31 in) long, about 1 mm (0.04 in) wide and curve backwards. The petals are 5–6 mm (0.20–0.24 in) long, about 1 mm (0.04 in) wide and pointed. The labellum is greenish or pinkish, egg-shaped, about 4 mm (0.2 in) long and 5 mm (0.2 in) wide and turns sharply upwards near its middle. There is a shiny green or brown, deeply channelled callus along the centre of the labellum, extending almost to its tip. Flowering occurs in October and November.[2][3][4]

Taxonomy and naming[edit]

Prasophyllum subbisectum was first formally described in 1936 by William Henry Nicholls and the description was published in The Victorian Naturalist from a specimen collected near Pomonal.[1][5] The specific epithet (subbisectum) is derived from the Latin word sectus meaning "cut",[6]:247 with the prefixes sub- meaning "somewhat"[6]:826 and bi- meaning "two" or "double".[6]:823

Distribution and habitat[edit]

The Pomonal leek orchid mostly grows in heathy woodland near Stawell.[2][4]

Conservation[edit]

In 2010, P. subbisectum was recorded in four populations with a total of about 130 plants. It is listed as "Endangered" under the Commonwealth Government Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) Act and the Victorian Flora and Fauna Guarantee Act 1988. The main threats to its survival are grazing by rabbits and kangaroos, habitat disturbance and inappropriate fire regimes.[4][3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Prasophyllum subbisectum". APNI. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  2. ^ a b Jones, David L. (2006). A complete guide to native orchids of Australia including the island territories. Frenchs Forest, N.S.W.: New Holland. p. 214. ISBN 978-1877069123.
  3. ^ a b Jeanes, Jeff. "Prasophyllum subbisectum". Royal Botanic Gardens Victoria. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  4. ^ a b c "Approved conservation advice - Prasophyllum subbisectum (Pomonal leek-orchid)" (PDF). Australian Government Department of the Environment. Retrieved 29 December 2017.
  5. ^ Nicholls, William H. (1936). "A new species of the genus Prasophyllum R.Br". The Victorian Naturalist. 53 (4): 72–74. Retrieved 8 December 2017.
  6. ^ a b c Brown, Roland Wilbur (1956). The Composition of Scientific Words. Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press.

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