Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D

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JT15D
Aerocardal (9321710382).jpg
Aerocardal JT15D
Type Turbofan
National origin Canada
Manufacturer Pratt & Whitney Canada
First run 1967
Major applications Cessna Citation I
Cessna Citation V
Hawker 400
SIAI Marchetti S.211
Number built >6,000

The Pratt & Whitney Canada JT15D is a small turbofan engine built by Pratt & Whitney Canada. It was introduced in 1971 at 2,200 lbf (9,800 N) thrust, and has since undergone a series of upgrades to just over 3,000 lbf (13 kN) thrust in the latest versions. It is the primary powerplant for a wide variety of smaller jet aircraft, notably business jets.

Design and development[edit]

The JT15D was, when it first ran in 1967, rare among turbofan engines in that it uses a centrifugal compressor as its high-pressure stage.[1]

About 70% of the air passing through the fan goes down the bypass duct. The JT15D-4 and later variants use a "booster" axial stage behind the fan which runs at the same speed as the fan and directs the remaining 30% of the air into the high pressure compressor, after which it passes into a reverse-flow annular combustor. The hot gases flow through a high-pressure turbine that drives the centrifugal compressor, and a low pressure turbine which drives the fan and booster.

The engine was first run in August 1967 before being test flown on an Avro Canada CF-100 Canuck in an underslung external test pod.[2]

Variants[edit]

JT15D-1
The first model was introduced to power the Cessna Citation I, then known as the Fanjet 500. Deliveries started in 1972, and eventually on 1,417 -1s were delivered.
JT15D-1A
JT15D-1B
JT15D-4
Introduced in 1973, improving thrust to 2,500 lbf (11,000 N). The -4 was the primary engine for the Cessna Citation II, and went on to find use on the Mitsubishi Diamond 1A, Aerospatiale Corvette and SIAI-Marchetti S.211. Eventually 2,195 engines of the -4 series were delivered.
JT15D-4A
JT15D-4B
JT15D-4C
JT15D-4D
JT15D-5
Certified in 1983. The first versions delivered 2,900 lbf (13,000 N) and were used on the Beechjet 400A and Cessna T-47A. Several minor versions were introduced, the -5A for the Cessna Citation V, while the -5B powered the Beechcraft T-1A Jayhawk, the -5C the DASA Ranger 2000 and S-211A.
JT15D-5A
JT15D-5B
JT15D-5C
JT15D-5D
Certified in 1993, increased thrust again, this time to 3,045 lbf (13,540 N). The -5D is used on the Cessna UC-35A and Cessna Citation Ultra.
JT15D-5F

Applications[edit]

Cessna Citation installation

Specifications (JT15D-5D)[edit]

General characteristics

  • Type: Turbofan
  • Length: 60.5 inches
  • Diameter: 27 inches
  • Dry weight: 630 pounds

Components

  • Compressor: Axial flow LP, centrifugal flow HP

Performance

Engine Takeoff
thrust (kN)
Continuous
thrust (kN)
Length (mm) Fan
Diameter(mm)
Diameter.(mm) Dry
weight (kg)
Bypass
ratio
JT15D-1 9.8  9.3 1506 691 223.5 3.3
JT15D-4 11.12  10.56 1600 686 253 2.6
JT15D-4C 11.12   10.56 1600 686 261 2.6
JT15D-5 12.92  1600 287 2
JT15D-5A 12.92  1600 287 2
JT15D-5B 12.92  1600 292 2
JT15D-5C 14.21  1600 302 2
JT15D-5D 13.56  1531 520 292.6 3.3
JT15D-5F 12.92  1600 288 2

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Gunston 1989, p.131.
  2. ^ "On Test at Longieuil". Flight International: 263. 13 February 1969.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]