Pratval

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Pratval
Former municipality of Switzerland
Pratval.jpg
Pratval is located in Switzerland
Pratval
Pratval
Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433Coordinates: 46°43′N 9°26′E / 46.717°N 9.433°E / 46.717; 9.433
Country Switzerland
Canton Graubünden
District Hinterrhein
Area
 • Total 0.77 km2 (0.30 sq mi)
Elevation 687 m (2,254 ft)
Population (December 2013)
 • Total 254
 • Density 330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Postal code 7415
SFOS number 3635
Surrounded by Almens, Cazis, Fürstenau, Rodels
Website www.pratval.ch
SFSO statistics

Pratval is a municipality in the district of Hinterrhein in the Swiss canton of Graubünden. On 1 January 2015 the former municipalities of Almens, Paspels, Pratval, Rodels and Tomils merged to form the new municipality of Domleschg.[1]

History[edit]

Pratval is first mentioned in 1345 as Prau de Valle.[2]

Geography[edit]

Schloss Reitberg near Pratval

Before the merger, Pratval had a total area of 0.8 km2 (0.31 sq mi).[3] It is the smallest municipality in Graubünden. Of this area, 55% is used for agricultural purposes, while 26.3% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 17.5% is settled (buildings or roads) and the remainder (1.3%) is non-productive (rivers, glaciers or mountains).[3]

The former municipality is located in the Domleschg sub-district, of the Hinterrhein district. It consists of the settlements of Gross- and Kleinrietberg, Rietbach, Mühle and Hof. All five settlements are located on a plateau east of the Hinterrhine river.

Demographics[edit]

Pratval had a population (as of 2013) of 254.[3] As of 2008, 4.7% of the population was made up of foreign nationals. Over the last 10 years the population has decreased at a rate of -5.6%.[3]

As of 2000, the gender distribution of the population was 44.0% male and 56.0% female.[4] The age distribution, as of 2000, in Pratval is; 41 people or 17.1% of the population are between 0 to 9 years old. 17 people or 7.1% are 10 to 14, and 14 people or 5.8% are 15 to 19. Of the adult population, 17 people or 7.1% of the population are between 20 to 29 years old. 51 people or 21.3% are 30 to 39, 48 people or 20.0% are 40 to 49, and 15 people or 6.3% are 50 to 59. The senior population distribution is 16 people or 6.7% of the population are between 60 to 69 years old, 13 people or 5.4% are 70 to 79, there are 8 people or 3.3% who are 80 to 89.[5]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the SPS which received 41.9% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SVP (27.6%), the FDP (16.8%) and the CVP (6.9%).[3]

In Pratval about 84.4% of the population (between age 25-64) have completed either non-mandatory upper secondary education or additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule).[3]

Pratval has an unemployment rate of 0.14%. As of 2005, there were 15 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 4 businesses involved in this sector. 2 people are employed in the secondary sector and there is 1 business in this sector. 15 people are employed in the tertiary sector, with 5 businesses in this sector.[3]

The historical population is given in the following table:[2][4]

year population
1850 82
1900 67
1950 83
1960 97
1970 88
1980 128
1990 178
2000 240

Languages[edit]

Most of the population (as of 2000) speaks German (94.6%), with Romansh being second most common ( 4.2%) and French being third ( 0.4%).[3]

Languages in Pratval
Languages Census 1980 Census 1990 Census 2000
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
German 115 89.84% 172 96.63% 227 94.58%
Romanish 9 7.03% 3 1.69% 10 4.17%
Total 128 100% 178 100% 240 100%

References[edit]

  1. ^ Amtliches Gemeindeverzeichnis der Schweiz published by the Swiss Federal Statistical Office (German) accessed 2 January 2013
  2. ^ a b Pratval in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h Swiss Federal Statistical Office accessed 16 January 2015
  4. ^ a b Graubunden in Numbers (German) accessed 21 September 2009
  5. ^ Graubunden Population Statistics (German) accessed 21 September 2009

External links[edit]