Pratyangira

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Prathyangira
Goddess counter black magic.
Pratyangira 2014-02-25 09-47.JPG
Goddess Prathyangira
Tamil script பிரத்யங்கிரா
Sanskrit प्रत्यङ्गिरा
Affiliation Devi, Associated with Shakti, matrikas
Mantra Ksham
Weapon Trishula (trident), damaru (drum), kapala, paasa (rope/snake rope)
Mount Simha (lion)
Texts Atharvaveda
Consort Sarabeswara

Prathyangira (Sanskrit: प्रत्यङ्गिरा; Prathyaṅgirā, IPA: / 'Prathyangira/) also called Atharvana Bhadrakaali, Narasimhi or Narashimhika, is a Hindu Goddess associated with Shakti, the Hindu concept of eternal energy. She is described as a goddess with a lioness's face and a human body. This combination of lion and human forms represents the balance of good and evil.

In Hindu Epics[edit]

The Pratyangira yantra.

Prathyangira is also mentioned in the Hindu epic Ramayana. Indrajit was performing "Nikumbala yaga" (a sacred ritual to worship Prathyangira) [1] while Rama and his soldiers were waging war in Lanka. Hanuman came down to stop this ritual because he knew that if Indrajit completed it, he would become invincible.

Incarnation Of The Divine Mother As Prathyangira devi[edit]

As told in Markandeya Purana and Shiva Purana: In the beginning of the Satya yuga, the Lord Narasimha, an avatar of Vishnu, killed the unruly King Hiranyakashipu by tearing up his body and drinking his blood. Because of the anger in Hiranyakashipu's body and blood Lord Narsimha drunk on rage and could not be stopped. To calm him down, Lord Shiva came down as Sharabha, a bird-animal-human hybrid. Upon seeing this, Lord Narasimha created Gandaberunda, a two headed bird to fight against Sarabeswara. Yet, Sarabeswara torn apart the two headed bird and calmed Lord Narasimha. It was she, the goddess Adi Parashakti, who resided in the wings of lord Sarabeswara as shoolini durga and maha Pratyangira. As lord Sarabeswara hugged the fierce Narasimha, all his anger was absorbed by both the devis in the wings of lord Sarabeswara. Everyone praised lord Sarabeswara along with devi Pratyangira and Shoolini as they calmed Narasimha down.

In ancient times when two Rishis, Prathiyangira and Angiras, were meditating discovered a goddess through a Moola Mantra who was nameless. Later she privileged the rishis by naming her after them and hence she was called as Prathyangira Devi. Narasimhi is another name of hers. 'Naran' means human and 'Simha' means lion, so she got named thus as she appears with a lion's face and a human body.In Sri Chakra or Sri_Yantra worship, she protects her devotees against all odds and helps them to attain the highest of all attainments, the lotus feet of Sri Lalitha Tripura Sundari.

The term Prati means reverse and Angiras means attacking. Thus, devi Pratyangira is the one who reverses any evil attacks caused by one to another. In temples of south India, she is also eulogized as Atharvana Bhadrakali as the she is considered the ruling goddess of the Atharva Veda, the scripture which contains spells to conjure and cure. In Melmaruvathur temple, a specific shrine of Atharvana Bhadrakali is located within the temple premises of Adhiparasakthi Siddhar Peetam. This particular temple is very popular and visited by thousands of south indians to get rid of all evil conjures, black magic effects and possession of evil spirits. There are also many temples dedicated for this devi including the Prathyangira Devi Temple, Shollinganallur, the Pratyangira temple, Hosur, the Kalikambal Temple of Chennai and many more.

The beej mantra(syllable) of Mother Pratyangira is Ksham. One can get the divine blessings of the divine mother by chanting the Pratyangira moola mantra:

 Aum
 Ksham Paksha Jvala Jihvey
 Karaala Dhamshtrey
 Kaalaraatri Pratyangirey
 Ksham Hreem
 Hoom Phat Svaaha.

Yet one has to be very cautious while chanting this mantra. This mantra is extremely powerful. One has to avoid alcohol consumption, smoking and must be strictly vegetarian. Note that one do not have to pray to this form of Mother specifically if he or she is worshipping the Sri Chakra yantra along with devi Tripura Sundari.

Pratyangira Devi Homam (Havan)[edit]

Havan dedicated to Pratyangira devi is performed at many places for the welfare of the people and for eliminating the influences of evil forces. In some temples Pratyangira Devi Homam (Havan) is performed on days of Amavasya.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sri Maha Pratyangira Devi: The Goddess to Counter Black Magic". Indiadivine.org. Retrieved 2014-06-14. 
  2. ^ "Pratyangira Devi Homa". nanjangud.info. Retrieved 2016-01-17. 

External links[edit]