Precision engineering

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NIST Precision engineering research. Measurement of API Rotary Master Gauge on CMM.[1]

Precision engineering is a subdiscipline of electrical engineering, software engineering, electronics engineering, mechanical engineering, and optical engineering concerned with designing machines, fixtures, and other structures that have exceptionally low tolerances, are repeatable, and are stable over time. These approaches have applications in machine tools, MEMS, NEMS, optoelectronics design, and many other fields.

Precision engineering is a branch of engineering that focus on the design, development and manufacture of product with high levels of accuracy and repeatability.

it involves the use of advanced technologies and techniques to achieve tight tolerance and dimensional control is the manufacturing process.


Professors Hiromu Nakazawa and Pat McKeown provide the following list of goals for precision engineering:

  1. Create a highly precise movement.
  2. Reduce the dispersion of the product's or part's function.
  3. Eliminate fitting and promote assembly, especially automatic assembly.
  4. Reduce the initial cost.
  5. Reduce the running cost.
  6. Extend the life span.
  7. Enable the design safety factor to be lowered.
  8. Improve interchangeability of components so that corresponding parts made by other factories or firms can be used in their place.
  9. Improve quality control through higher machine accuracy capabilities and hence reduce scrap, rework, and conventional inspection.
  10. Achieve a greater wear/fatigue life of components.
  11. Make functions independent of one another.
  12. Achieve greater miniaturization and packing densities.
  13. Achieve further advances in technology and the underlying sciences.[2]

Technical Societies[edit]

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Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the National Institute of Standards and Technology.

  1. ^ NIST Manufacturing Engineering (2008).NIST Programs of the Manufacturing Engineering Laboratory. March 2008.
  2. ^ Venkatesh, V. C. and Izman, Sudin, Precision Engineering, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, 2007, page 6.

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