|CompTox Dashboard (EPA)|
|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||219.328 g/mol g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
3-PPP (N-n-propyl-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)piperidine) is a mixed sigma σ1 and σ2 receptor agonist (with similar affinity for both subtypes, though slightly higher affinity for the latter) and D2 receptor partial agonist which is used in scientific research. It shows stereoselectivity in its pharmacodynamics. (+)-3-PPP is the enantiomer that acts as an agonist of the sigma receptors; it is also an agonist of both D2 presynaptic and postsynaptic receptors. Conversely, (–)-3-PPP, also known as preclamol (INN), acts as an agonist of presynaptic D2 receptors but as an antagonist of postsynaptic D2 receptors, and has antipsychotic effects. 3-PPP has also been reported to be a monoamine reuptake inhibitor and possibly to act at adrenergic receptors or some other non-sigma receptor.
- Hellewell SB, Bowen WD (1990). "A sigma-like binding site in rat pheochromocytoma (PC12) cells: decreased affinity for (+)-benzomorphans and lower molecular weight suggest a different sigma receptor form from that of guinea pig brain". Brain Res. 527 (2): 244–53. doi:10.1016/0006-8993(90)91143-5. PMID 2174717.
- Hjorth S, Carlsson A, Clark D, Svensson K, Wikström H, Sanchez D, Lindberg P, Hacksell U, Arvidsson LE, Johansson A (1983). "Central dopamine receptor agonist and antagonist actions of the enantiomers of 3-PPP". Psychopharmacology. 81 (2): 89–99. doi:10.1007/bf00428999. PMID 6415751.
- Hellewell SB, Bruce A, Feinstein G, Orringer J, Williams W, Bowen WD (1994). "Rat liver and kidney contain high densities of sigma 1 and sigma 2 receptors: characterization by ligand binding and photoaffinity labeling". Eur. J. Pharmacol. 268 (1): 9–18. doi:10.1016/0922-4106(94)90115-5. PMID 7925616.
- Jeffrey S. Albert (6 June 2012). Targets and Emerging Therapies for Schizophrenia. John Wiley & Sons. pp. 64–. ISBN 978-1-118-30940-7.
- Annual Reports in Medicinal Chemistry. Academic Press. 5 October 1993. pp. 14–. ISBN 978-0-08-058372-3.
|This drug article relating to the nervous system is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|