Predappio

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Predappio
Comune
Comune di Predappio
Palazzo Varano, the town hall of Predappio
Palazzo Varano, the town hall of Predappio
Coat of arms of Predappio
Coat of arms
Predappio is located in Italy
Predappio
Predappio
Location of Predappio in Italy
Coordinates: 44°06′N 11°59′E / 44.100°N 11.983°E / 44.100; 11.983Coordinates: 44°06′N 11°59′E / 44.100°N 11.983°E / 44.100; 11.983
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province / Metropolitan city Forlì-Cesena (FC)
Frazioni Predappio Alta, Fiumana, Sant'Agostino, San Cassiano, San Savino, Santa Marina, Tontola, Trivella
Government
 • Mayor Giorgio Frassineti
Area
 • Total 91 km2 (35 sq mi)
Elevation 91 m (299 ft)
Population (31 December 2013)
 • Total 6,486
 • Density 71/km2 (180/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 47016
Dialing code 0543
Website Official website

Predappio is a town and comune in the province of Forlì-Cesena, in the region of Emilia-Romagna in Italy, with a population of 6,486 (2013). The town is best known for being the birthplace of Benito Mussolini, dictator of Italy from 1922 to 1943. Mussolini is buried at Predappio, and his mausoleum is a local tourist destination, as well as a site of pilgrimage for Italian Fascists.

History[edit]

From its origins (possibly Roman) until the 1920s, Predappio was a rural town of modest size, situated on the hills of Forlì. Augustus divided Italy into eleven provinces and Predappio was within the sixth province. It is believed that the town name derives from the installation in those locations of an ancient Roman family: the Appi. The town was accordingly named Praesidium Domini Appi, abbreviated to Pre.DiAppi.

Historically the town developed around the medieval castle, looking down the valley. Along the valley, about 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) from Predappio, the town was known as Dovia (probably a corruption of the local Roman road Duo Via, Two-Way).[1]

Benito Mussolini was born in Predappio in 1883. After a landslide hit the town in the winter of 1923/24 and left many people homeless, the government decided to build a bigger, more prestigious township to celebrate the birthplace of Mussolini, following the architectural dictates of the emerging Fascist regime. Along with the nearby town of Forlì, Predappio was given the title of La Città del Duce ("the city of the Leader").[note 1]

Predappio has become a site of pilgrimage for Italian and other neofascists,[2][3] with this development drawing criticism and protests from anti-fascists.[4]

In April 2009, the town council banned the sale of fascist souvenirs.[5] In 2014, the town's mayor Giorgio Frassineti announced plans to build in the town "a museum dedicated to the history of fascism".[6] The mayor, then standing for re-election as a member of the centre-left Democratic Party, stated that the aim of the council's decision was to have people remember a “fundamental piece of [Italian] history" and that, in this way, "Predappio would become a place for reflection – cutting the town from the hands of those who want to misuse it."[6]

As of early 2016, the museum's construction was still pending, but sale of fascist souvenirs was again permitted in the town.[7]

Twin towns[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Duce: The title taken by Mussolini as Italian dictator

References[edit]

External links[edit]