Prefecture-level city

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Prefecture-level city
Prefectural-level city
China Prefectural-level cities.png
Simplified Chinese 地级市
Traditional Chinese 地級市
Literal meaning Regional-level city
A road sign shows distance to "Huangshi urban area" (黄石市区) rather than simply "Huangshi" (黄石). This is a useful distinction, because the sign is located already within Huangshi prefectural level city (immediately upon entering its Yangxin County from the neighboring Xianning), but still 100 kilometres (62 mi) from Huangshi main urban area.

A prefectural level city (Chinese: 地级市), prefectural city or prefectural level municipal city is an administrative division of the People's Republic of China (PRC), ranking below a province and above a county in China's administrative structure. Prefectural level cities form the second level of the administrative structure (alongside prefectures, leagues and autonomous prefectures). Administrative chiefs (mayors) of prefectural level cities generally have the same rank as a division chief (Chinese: 司长) of a national ministry. Since the 1980s, most former prefectures have been renamed into prefectural level cities.

A prefectural level city is a "city" (Chinese: ; pinyin: shì) and "prefecture" (Chinese: 地区; pinyin: dìqū) that have been merged into one unified jurisdiction. As such it is simultaneously a city, which is a municipal entry with subordinate districts, and a prefecture with subordinate county-level cities and counties which is an administrative division of a province.

A prefectural level city is often not a "city" in the usual sense of the term (i.e., a large continuous urban settlement), but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area (a city in the usual sense, usually with the same name as the prefectural level city), and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages. The larger prefectural level cities span over 100 kilometres (62 mi).

Prefectural level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county level cities, and other such sub-divisions. This results from the fact that the formerly predominant prefectures, which prefectural level cities have mostly replaced, were themselves large administrative units containing cities, smaller towns, and rural areas. To distinguish a prefectural level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term 市区 shìqū ("urban area"), is used.

The first prefectural level cities were created on 5 November 1983. Over the following two decades, prefectural level cities have come to replace the vast majority of Chinese prefectures; the process is still ongoing.

Most provinces are composed entirely or nearly entirely of prefectural level cities. Of the 22 provinces and 5 autonomous regions of the PRC, only 3 provinces (Yunnan, Guizhou, Qinghai) and 2 autonomous regions (Xinjiang, Tibet) have more than three second level or prefectural level divisions that are not prefectural level cities.

Criteria that a prefecture must meet to become a prefectural level city:

  • An urban centre with a non-rural population over 250,000
  • gross output of value of industry of 200,000,000 RMB (US$32 million)
  • the output of tertiary industry supersedes that of primary industry, contributing over 35% of the GDP[1]

15 large prefectural level cities have been granted the status of sub-provincial city, which gives them much greater autonomy.

Shijiazhuang and Zhengzhou are the largest prefectural level cities with populations approaching or exceeding some sub-provincial cities.

A sub-prefecture-level city is a county-level city with powers approaching those of prefectural level cities.

Classification[edit]

There are total of thee classification of prefecture-level city:

Cartographic expression and statistics[edit]

In most European or North American countries, there a clear distinction between "cities" and counties, prefectures, etc. The former are typically thought of as a "point" objects, and shown on maps with a circle or other such scale-less sign; the latter, if shown at all, are shown as areas with clearly defined borders. The distinction is obvious, since e.g. Bloomington, Indiana, or Penticton, British Columbia, are always thought of as distinct objects from, respectively, Monroe County, Indiana or the Regional District of Okanagan-Similkameen, for which they are their respective seats of governments. In China, however, the same name (e.g., 咸宁市 (Xianning Shi) in Chinese, or Xianning [City] in English) are used to refer both to an entire "prefectural level city" and to its urban core (what one would call a "city" in Europe or North America). This results in somewhat different mapping conventions used in China vs. most other countries.

Typically, a less detailed map - one that does not show administrative divisions below the provincial level - would merely mark the location of the urban core (or, more precisely, that of the city government) with a circle, just like cities are shown on a map of a European or American country. The circle would be labeled with the name of the city (e.g. 咸宁市 (Xianning Shi) in Chinese, or Xianning in English) rather than, for example, that of the district within which the urban core may be located. The same map may also show other sufficiently large populated places within the same prefectural level city, labeling them based on what third level administrative units they correspond to. For example, along with Xianning, a map may show Tongshan without indicating in any way that administratively, the latter is part of the former.

A more detailed map (e.g., a typical provincial map) would also show the border of each second level administrative unit (such as a prefectural level city), much like an American county may be shown on a US state map. In this case, the same unit name (such as 咸宁市, Xianning [City]) would be used to label the entire area. Within it, the division of the second level unit into third level units may be shown as well.

This convention may sometimes make it difficult to identify places mentioned in older sources with places shown on modern maps. For example, Guo Moruo tells in his autobiography that he was born in the small town of Shawan, Leshan Prefecture, and attended primary school in Jiading, the main town of the prefecture. A typical modern map is unlikely to show either town: Shawan, because it's too small, and Jiading, because it is the seat of government for the today's prefectural level city of Leshan, and thus is marked on a modern map by a circle labeled "Leshan". A more detailed map (or Google Maps) would show Shawan District within Leshan, but, most likely, no Jiading per se - just Jiading Street (嘉定路) within Leshan's urban area.

Chinese statistical data (area, population, industrial production value, etc.) are typically reported for the entire prefectural level city, as well as for its constituent third level units. Thus, a person not familiar with these conventions may be surprised to learn that a comparatively little known city of Huangshi, Hubei, has 2.5 million residents - more than most European capital cities - until he or she realizes that this number corresponds to an entire prefectural level area of almost 100 kilometres (62 mi) across, covering several places (such as Daye) that are described as (county level) "cities" in their own right. Even if the reader has a map and the data for individual third level units, arriving to the population count for the actual main urban area of a prefectural level city may not be easy, because it may be split between several districts, some of which may stretch far out into the rural area as well.

Prefecture-level city list[edit]

City Chinese Province Area
(K㎡)
Founded
(PRC)
Anqing 安庆市 Anhui 15,343 1952-04-12
Bengbu 蚌埠市 Anhui 5,945 1952-05-02
Bozhou 亳州市 Anhui 8,429 1986-03-11
Chizhou 池州市 Anhui 8,272 1988-08-17
Chuzhou 滁州市 Anhui 13,398 1982-11-25
Fuyang 阜阳市 Anhui 9,775 1975-12-19
Hefei 合肥市 Anhui 11,484 1949-10-01
Huaibei 淮北市 Anhui 2,732 1977-01-20
Huainan 淮南市 Anhui 2,674 1952-06-02
Huangshan 黄山市 Anhui 9,807 1984-01-27
Lu'an 六安市 Anhui 18,061 1978-09-23
Ma'anshan 马鞍山市 Anhui 4,042 1956-07-02
Suzhou 宿州市 Anhui 9,787 1953-09-17
Tongling 铜陵市 Anhui 1,113 1958-09-05
Wuhu 芜湖市 Anhui 5,987 1949-10-01
Xuancheng 宣城市 Anhui 12,340 1987-06-10
Fuzhou 福州市 Fujian 11,968 1949-10-01
Longyan 龙岩市 Fujian 19,052 1981-09-21
Nanping 南平市 Fujian 26,313 1956-11-16
Ningde 宁德市 Fujian 13,644 1988-10-04
Putian 莆田市 Fujian 3,895 1983-09-09
Quanzhou 泉州市 Fujian 10,865 1950-11-01
Sanming 三明市 Fujian 23,193 1960-05-26
Xiamen 厦门市 Fujian 1,516 1949-10-01
Zhangzhou 漳州市 Fujian 12,608 1950-11-01
Baiyin 白银市 Gansu 21,210 1958-07-04
Dingxi 定西市 Gansu 20,330 2003-04-04
Jiayuguan 嘉峪关市 Gansu 2,935 1965-07-19
Jinchang 金昌市 Gansu 8,927 1981-02-09
Jiuquan 酒泉市 Gansu 189,997 1958-11-21
Lanzhou 兰州市 Gansu 13,272 1949-10-01
Longnan 陇南市 Gansu 27,848 2004-01-11
Pingliang 平凉市 Gansu 11,169 1950-02-05
Qingyang 庆阳市 Gansu 27,119 2002-06-22
Tianshui 天水市 Gansu 14,431 1950-02-05
Wuwei 武威市 Gansu 33,238 1986-12-17
Zhangye 张掖市 Gansu 40,874 1985-05-14
Chaozhou 潮州市 Guangdong 3,083 1953-07-01
Dongguan 东莞市 Guangdong 2,512 1985-09-05
Foshan 佛山市 Guangdong 3,875 1949-10-01
Guangzhou 广州市 Guangdong 7,435 1949-10-01
Heyuan 河源市 Guangdong 15,644 1988-01-07
Huizhou 惠州市 Guangdong 11,158 1958-04-08
Jiangmen 江门市 Guangdong 9,553 1949-10-01
Jieyang 揭阳市 Guangdong 5,269 1991-12-07
Maoming 茂名市 Guangdong 11,345 1959-03-22
Meizhou 梅州市 Guangdong 15,925 1978-12-30
Qingyuan 清远市 Guangdong 19,264 1988-01-07
Shantou 汕头市 Guangdong 2,123 1949-10-01
Shanwei 汕尾市 Guangdong 4,957 1988-01-07
Shaoguan 韶关市 Guangdong 18,398 1949-10-01
Shenzhen 深圳市 Guangdong 2,007 1979-03-05
Yangjiang 阳江市 Guangdong 8,005 1988-01-07
Yunfu 云浮市 Guangdong 7,762 1992-09-03
Zhanjiang 湛江市 Guangdong 11,693 1949-10-01
Zhaoqing 肇庆市 Guangdong 15,007 1949-10-01
Zhongshan 中山市 Guangdong 1,770 1983-12-22
Zhuhai 珠海市 Guangdong 1,696 1979-03-05
Baise 百色市 Guangxi 36,202 1983-10-08
Beihai 北海市 Guangxi 3,337 1950-08-01
Chongzuo 崇左市 Guangxi 17,440 2002-12-23
Fangchenggang 防城港市 Guangxi 6,173 1993-05-23
Guigang 贵港市 Guangxi 10,596 1988-12-27
Guilin 桂林市 Guangxi 27,809 1949-10-01
Hechi 河池市 Guangxi 33,494 1983-10-08
Hezhou 贺州市 Guangxi 11,854 1997-02-27
Laibin 来宾市 Guangxi 13,411 2002-09-29
Liuzhou 柳州市 Guangxi 18,624 1949-10-01
Nanning 南宁市 Guangxi 22,112 1949-10-01
Qinzhou 钦州市 Guangxi 10,728 1983-10-08
Wuzhou 梧州市 Guangxi 12,588 1949-10-01
Yulin 玉林市 Guangxi 12,839 1983-10-08
Anshun 安顺市 Guizhou 9,269 1958-05-29
Bijie 毕节市 Guizhou 26,852 1993-12-10
Guiyang 贵阳市 Guizhou 8,034 1949-10-01
Liupanshui 六盘水市 Guizhou 9,914 1978-12-18
Tongren 铜仁市 Guizhou 18,002 1987-08-21
Zunyi 遵义市 Guizhou 30,763 1950-01-01
Danzhou 儋州市 Hainan 3,400 1993-03-03
Haikou 海口市 Hainan 2,315 1950-05-01
Sansha 三沙市 Hainan 13 2012-06-21
Sanya 三亚市 Hainan 1,918 1984-05-19
Baoding 保定市 Hebei 21,925 1949-10-01
Cangzhou 沧州市 Hebei 13,490 1961-07-09
Chengde 承德市 Hebei 39,164 1949-10-01
Handan 邯郸市 Hebei 12,024 1952-11-08
Hengshui 衡水市 Hebei 8,837 1982-01-30
Langfang 廊坊市 Hebei 6,500 1981-12-07
Qinhuangdao 秦皇岛市 Hebei 7,685 1949-10-01
Shijiazhuang 石家庄市 Hebei 14,489 1949-10-01
Tangshan 唐山市 Hebei 13,869 1949-10-01
Xingtai 邢台市 Hebei 12,350 1953-11-06
Zhangjiakou 张家口市 Hebei 36,301 1949-10-01
Daqing 大庆市 Heilongjiang 22,161 1979-12-14
Harbin 哈尔滨市 Heilongjiang 53,840 1949-10-01
Hegang 鹤岗市 Heilongjiang 14,784 1949-10-01
Heihe 黑河市 Heilongjiang 67,390 1980-11-15
Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Heilongjiang 31,492 1949-10-01
Jixi 鸡西市 Heilongjiang 23,040 1956-12-18
Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Heilongjiang 40,435 1949-10-01
Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Heilongjiang 43,000 1949-10-01
Qitaihe 七台河市 Heilongjiang 6,223 1970-04-01
Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Heilongjiang 26,483 1956-05-25
Suihua 绥化市 Heilongjiang 35,211 1982-12-18
Yichun 伊春市 Heilongjiang 39,017 1957-07-26
Anyang 安阳市 Henan 7,354 1949-10-01
Hebi 鹤壁市 Henan 2,136 1957-06-27
Jiaozuo 焦作市 Henan 4,000 1956-07-09
Kaifeng 开封市 Henan 6,260 1949-10-01
Luohe 漯河市 Henan 2,693 1949-10-01
Luoyang 洛阳市 Henan 15,229 1949-10-01
Nanyang 南阳市 Henan 26,508 1949-10-01
Pingdingshan 平顶山市 Henan 7,909 1957-03-26
Puyang 濮阳市 Henan 4,187 1983-09-01
Sanmenxia 三门峡市 Henan 9,936 1957-01-23
Shangqiu 商丘市 Henan 10,700 1950-05-03
Xinxiang 新乡市 Henan 8,249 1949-10-01
Xinyang 信阳市 Henan 18,908 1994-04-05
Xuchang 许昌市 Henan 4,978 1949-10-01
Zhengzhou 郑州市 Henan 7,532 1949-10-01
Zhoukou 周口市 Henan 11,959 1949-10-01
Zhumadian 驻马店市 Henan 15,095 1949-10-01
Ezhou 鄂州市 Hubei 1,505 1983-08-19
Huanggang 黄冈市 Hubei 17,453 1990-12-26
Huangshi 黄石市 Hubei 4,576 1950-08-30
Jingmen 荆门市 Hubei 12,100 1979-11-16
Jingzhou 荆州市 Hubei 14,104 1994-09-29
Shiyan 十堰市 Hubei 23,698 1969-11-24
Suizhou 随州市 Hubei 9,636 1983-08-19
Wuhan 武汉市 Hubei 8,494 1949-10-01
Xiangyang 襄阳市 Hubei 19,626 1951-06-01
Xianning 咸宁市 Hubei 10,019 1983-08-19
Xiaogan 孝感市 Hubei 8,941 1983-08-19
Yichang 宜昌市 Hubei 21,081 1949-10-01
Changde 常德市 Hunan 18,190 1950-10-19
Changsha 长沙市 Hunan 11,819 1949-10-01
Chenzhou 郴州市 Hunan 19,317 1960-08-15
Hengyang 衡阳市 Hunan 15,303 1949-10-01
Huaihua 怀化市 Hunan 27,564 1979-04-04
Loudi 娄底市 Hunan 8,108 1961-07-09
Shaoyang 邵阳市 Hunan 20,830 1950-10-19
Xiangtan 湘潭市 Hunan 5,006 1950-10-19
Yiyang 益阳市 Hunan 12,325 1950-10-19
Yongzhou 永州市 Hunan 22,255 1982-01-23
Yueyang 岳阳市 Hunan 14,898 1961-07-09
Zhangjiajie 张家界市 Hunan 9,516 1985-05-24
Zhuzhou 株洲市 Hunan 11,262 1951-06-06
Baotou 包头市 Inner Mongolia 27,768 1950-02-13
Bayannur 巴彦淖尔市 Inner Mongolia 65,755 2003-12-01
Chifeng 赤峰市 Inner Mongolia 90,021 1949-10-01
Hohhot 呼和浩特市 Inner Mongolia 17,186 1950-01-23
Hulunbuir 呼伦贝尔市 Inner Mongolia 254,003 2001-10-10
Ordos 鄂尔多斯市 Inner Mongolia 86,882 2001-02-26
Tongliao 通辽市 Inner Mongolia 59,535 1951-07-17
Ulanqab 乌兰察布市 Inner Mongolia 54,448 2003-12-01
Wuhai 乌海市 Inner Mongolia 1,754 1975-08-30
Changzhou 常州市 Jiangsu 4,180 1949-11-28
Huai'an 淮安市 Jiangsu 10,122 1987-12-22
Lianyungang 连云港市 Jiangsu 7,476 1949-10-01
Nanjing 南京市 Jiangsu 6,582 1949-10-01
Nantong 南通市 Jiangsu 8,544 1950-05-12
Suqian 宿迁市 Jiangsu 8,555 1987-12-15
Suzhou 苏州市 Jiangsu 6,267 1949-11-28
Taizhou 泰州市 Jiangsu 5,787 1949-10-01
Wuxi 无锡市 Jiangsu 4,627 1949-10-01
Xuzhou 徐州市 Jiangsu 11,259 1949-10-01
Yancheng 盐城市 Jiangsu 16,972 1983-01-18
Yangzhou 扬州市 Jiangsu 6,634 1950-08-08
Zhenjiang 镇江市 Jiangsu 3,847 1949-11-28
Fuzhou 抚州市 Jiangxi 18,817 2000-06-23
Ganzhou 赣州市 Jiangxi 39,380 1949-10-01
Ji'an 吉安市 Jiangxi 25,219 1950-11-23
Jingdezhen 景德镇市 Jiangxi 5,263 1949-10-01
Jiujiang 九江市 Jiangxi 18,844 1949-10-01
Nanchang 南昌市 Jiangxi 7,372 1949-10-01
Pingxiang 萍乡市 Jiangxi 3,802 1960-09-30
Shangrao 上饶市 Jiangxi 22,784 1950-11-23
Xinyu 新余市 Jiangxi 3,164 1960-09-30
Yichun 宜春市 Jiangxi 18,669 1979-10-08
Yingtan 鹰潭市 Jiangxi 3,554 1979-03-09
Baicheng 白城市 Jilin 25,683 1958-11-21
Baishan 白山市 Jilin 17,485 1960-01-07
Changchun 长春市 Jilin 20,565 1949-10-01
Jilin 吉林市 Jilin 27,722 1949-10-01
Liaoyuan 辽源市 Jilin 5,125 1949-10-01
Siping 四平市 Jilin 14,323 1949-10-01
Songyuan 松原市 Jilin 20,159 1992-06-06
Tonghua 通化市 Jilin 15,698 1949-10-01
Anshan 鞍山市 Liaoning 9,249 1949-10-01
Benxi 本溪市 Liaoning 8,435 1949-10-01
Chaoyang 朝阳市 Liaoning 19,736 1958-12-20
Dalian 大连市 Liaoning 13,238 1949-10-01
Dandong 丹东市 Liaoning 15,030 1949-10-01
Fushun 抚顺市 Liaoning 11,271 1949-10-01
Fuxin 阜新市 Liaoning 10,445 1949-10-01
Huludao 葫芦岛市 Liaoning 10,375 1956-09-11
Jinzhou 锦州市 Liaoning 10,046 1949-10-01
Liaoyang 辽阳市 Liaoning 4,741 1949-10-01
Panjin 盘锦市 Liaoning 4,084 1984-06-05
Shenyang 沈阳市 Liaoning 12,980 1949-10-01
Tieling 铁岭市 Liaoning 12,966 1979-08-30
Yingkou 营口市 Liaoning 4,970 1949-10-01
Guyuan 固原市 Ningxia 13,453 2001-07-07
Shizuishan 石嘴山市 Ningxia 5,209 1960-01-07
Wuzhong 吴忠市 Ningxia 21,423 1950-10-04
Yinchuan 银川市 Ningxia 8,873 1949-10-01
Zhongwei 中卫市 Ningxia 17,442 2003-12-31
Haidong 海东市 Qinghai 13,161 2013-02-08
Xining 西宁市 Qinghai 7,472 1949-10-01
Ankang 安康市 Shaanxi 23,391 1949-11-28
Baoji 宝鸡市 Shaanxi 18,143 1949-10-01
Hanzhong 汉中市 Shaanxi 27,246 1949-12-08
Shangluo 商洛市 Shaanxi 19,292 2001-08-31
Tongchuan 铜川市 Shaanxi 3,882 1958-04-04
Weinan 渭南市 Shaanxi 13,134 1983-09-09
Xi'an 西安市 Shaanxi 9,983 1949-10-01
Xianyang 咸阳市 Shaanxi 10,246 1952-05-23
Yan'an 延安市 Shaanxi 36,712 1972-02-07
Yulin 榆林市 Shaanxi 43,578 1949-10-01
Binzhou 滨州市 Shandong 9,447 1982-08-02
Dezhou 德州市 Shandong 10,356 1949-10-01
Dongying 东营市 Shandong 7,923 1982-11-10
Heze 菏泽市 Shandong 12,238 1960-01-20
Jinan 济南市 Shandong 8,177 1949-10-01
Jining 济宁市 Shandong 11,285 1949-10-01
Laiwu 莱芜市 Shandong 2,246 1983-08-30
Liaocheng 聊城市 Shandong 8,714 1958-12-20
Linyi 临沂市 Shandong 17,186 1958-11-01
Qingdao 青岛市 Shandong 11,026 1949-10-01
Rizhao 日照市 Shandong 5,310 1985-03-22
Tai'an 泰安市 Shandong 7,761 1958-06-01
Weifang 潍坊市 Shandong 15,829 1949-10-01
Weihai 威海市 Shandong 5,436 1949-10-01
Yantai 烟台市 Shandong 13,746 1949-10-01
Zaozhuang 枣庄市 Shandong 4,550 1960-01-07
Zibo 淄博市 Shandong 5,938 1949-10-01
Changzhi 长治市 Shanxi 13,955 1951-12-11
Datong 大同市 Shanxi 14,056 1949-10-01
Jincheng 晋城市 Shanxi 9,425 1983-07-28
Jinzhong 晋中市 Shanxi 16,392 1999-09-24
Linfen 临汾市 Shanxi 20,302 1971-06-05
Lüliang 吕梁市 Shanxi 21,140 2003-10-23
Shuozhou 朔州市 Shanxi 10,625 1988-03-24
Taiyuan 太原市 Shanxi 6,909 1949-10-01
Xinzhou 忻州市 Shanxi 25,152 1983-07-28
Yangquan 阳泉市 Shanxi 4,559 1951-12-11
Yuncheng 运城市 Shanxi 14,183 1983-07-28
Bazhong 巴中市 Sichuan 12,237 1993-07-27
Chengdu 成都市 Sichuan 12,098 1949-10-01
Dazhou 达州市 Sichuan 16,599 1976-02-04
Deyang 德阳市 Sichuan 5,911 1983-08-18
Guang'an 广安市 Sichuan 6,344 1998-07-31
Guangyuan 广元市 Sichuan 16,310 1985-02-08
Leshan 乐山市 Sichuan 12,759 1979-11-16
Luzhou 泸州市 Sichuan 12,232 1949-10-01
Meishan 眉山市 Sichuan 7,134 2000-06-10
Mianyang 绵阳市 Sichuan 20,257 1976-02-04
Neijiang 内江市 Sichuan 5,385 1949-10-01
Nanchong 南充市 Sichuan 12,514 1949-10-01
Panzhihua 攀枝花市 Sichuan 7,440 1965-04-22
Suining 遂宁市 Sichuan 5,325 1985-02-08
Ya'an 雅安市 Sichuan 15,303 1951-07-25
Yibin 宜宾市 Sichuan 13,271 1949-10-01
Zigong 自贡市 Sichuan 4,382 1952-04-04
Ziyang 资阳市 Sichuan 7,971 1993-01-19
Lhasa 拉萨市 Tibet 116,175 1960-01-07
Nyingchi 林芝市 Tibet 31,662 2015-04-04
Qamdo 昌都市 Tibet 110,154 2014-10-29
Xigazê 日喀则市 Tibet 182,000 1986-12-12
Karamay 克拉玛依市 Xinjiang 7,734 1958-05-29
Turpan 吐鲁番市 Xinjiang 70,049 1984-12-26
Ürümqi 乌鲁木齐市 Xinjiang 13,788 1949-10-01
Baoshan 保山市 Yunnan 19,637 1983-09-09
Kunming 昆明市 Yunnan 21,473 1949-10-01
Lincang 临沧市 Yunnan 24,469 2003-12-26
Lijiang 丽江市 Yunnan 21,219 2002-12-26
Pu'er 普洱市 Yunnan 45,385 1993-03-25
Qujing 曲靖市 Yunnan 29,855 1983-09-09
Yuxi 玉溪市 Yunnan 15,285 1983-09-09
Zhaotong 昭通市 Yunnan 23,021 1981-01-18
Hangzhou 杭州市 Zhejiang 16,596 1949-10-01
Huzhou 湖州市 Zhejiang 5,794 1949-10-01
Jiaxing 嘉兴市 Zhejiang 3,915 1949-10-01
Jinhua 金华市 Zhejiang 10,919 1949-10-01
Lishui 丽水市 Zhejiang 17,298 1986-03-01
Ningbo 宁波市 Zhejiang 9,365 1949-10-01
Quzhou 衢州市 Zhejiang 8,837 1949-10-01
Shaoxing 绍兴市 Zhejiang 8,256 1949-10-01
Taizhou 台州市 Zhejiang 9,413 1994-08-22
Wenzhou 温州市 Zhejiang 11,784 1949-10-01
Zhoushan 舟山市 Zhejiang 1,440 1987-01-23

Dissolved Prefecture-level cities[edit]

  • Tianjin (天津市; 1954-07-01 to 1967-01-01)
  • Wanxian (万县市; 1949-10-01 to 1997-03-14)
  • Chongqing (重庆市; 1954-07-01 to 1997-03-14)
  • Fuling (涪陵市; 1983-09-09 to 1997-03-14)
  • Chaohu (巢湖市; 1999-12-06 to 2011-08-22)

See also[edit]

References[edit]